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Negotiated Dealing System (NDS)


The Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) is an electronic platform used in India for trading and issuing government securities. It allows financial institutions to place bids or offers for government securities online. This system was introduced by the Reserve Bank of India to digitize trading, ensuring improved transparency and efficiency.


The phonetic pronunciation for “Negotiated Dealing System (NDS)” would be: nuh-goh-shee-ay-ted dee-ling sis-tuhm (en-dee-es)

Key Takeaways

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  1. The Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) is an electronic trading platform operated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), used to facilitate the dealing of government securities and other types of money-market instruments.
  2. Its primary purpose is to increase transparency in the India’s government securities market, making it more efficient. It allows participants to place competitive and non-competitive bids, promoting more informed and advantageous decision-making.
  3. Since it’s been implemented, the NDS has significantly facilitated and streamlined the process of bidding in auctions of government securities, resulting in increased operational efficiency and reduced scope for discrepancies and errors in the settlement and clearing process.



The Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) is a significant term in business/finance because it’s a computer-based electronic trading platform operated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to facilitate the issuing and exchange of government securities in India. It simplifies and expedites the trading process by providing a transparent, centralized platform where participants can negotiate deals in real-time. Additionally, NDS helps in the efficient functioning of the money market, fostering improved liquidity and price discovery. It has significantly enhanced the security, transparency, and efficiency of government securities transactions, making it a critical component in the government securities market infrastructure.


The Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) serves the purpose of streamlining the issue and trading of government securities in the financial market. Developed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), it primarily allows electronic trading of government securities, which means less hassle, fewer paper transactions, and a reduced need for physical documentation. All transactions in government securities by banks and primary dealers, be it outright trades or repo deals, take place in the NDS. NDS has been critical to enhancing the transparency and efficiency of government security transactions. Besides facilitating the buying and selling of government securities, it also allows participants to place bids for government securities in auctions directly, making the entire process smoother. By integrating various facets of the government securities market, the system has played a significant role in structuring the financial infrastructure in India, making it possible to trade these securities in a secure, transparent, and efficient manner.


1. Government Securities: Central banks often use the Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) for dealing with government securities. The Reserve Bank of India, for example, uses NDS to facilitate transactions of Government securities and money market instruments which banks, insurance companies, and other financial institutions can buy or sell.2. Foreign Exchange Deals: Many central banks, especially those in developing economies, rely on the Negotiated Dealing System for processing foreign exchange deals. For instance, they might use the platform to negotiate forex rates on the behalf of their country with other countries or international banks.3. Treasury Bills and Bonds: The Central Bank of Sri Lanka uses a Negotiated Dealing System for all dealings of their treasury bills and bonds. This ensures transparency, efficiency, and security in transactions, allowing the government and financial institutions to better manage their liquidity and interest rate risks.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Negotiated Dealing System (NDS)?

A Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) is an electronic trading platform operated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) that facilitates the issue and exchange of government securities and other types of money market instruments.

How does the Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) work?

The NDS operates by allowing financial institutions to participate and negotiate the trading of government securities. The participants input their bids or offers into the electronic system, which are then matched to complete a transaction.

Who are the typical participants in the Negotiated Dealing System (NDS)?

Commercial banks, primary dealers, insurance companies and provident funds are typical participants in the NDS. These entities are allowed to participate to improve the transparency and efficiency of the financial market.

How does the Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) improve market transparency?

Because the NDS is an electronic system, all transactions are transparent, recorded, and traceable. Therefore, it promotes fair trade practices and price discovery in the market.

What other functions does the NDS offer apart from bidding and trading?

In addition to the bidding and trading of securities, the NDS also provides facilities like securities settlement, reporting mechanisms, and other related functionalities that ensure seamless operations on the market.

Is participation in the Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) restricted?

Yes, participation is typically limited to entities such as the RBI, commercial banks, financial institutions, and primary dealers.

What are the benefits of using the Negotiated Dealing System (NDS)?

The NDS improves information flow, enhances market transparency, enables better risk management, and increases operational efficiency by automating processes that were previously done manually.

Can international investors participate in the NDS?

The participation of international investors in the NDS is subject to the regulations laid down by the Reserve Bank of India and the Indian government.

Is the NDS utilized for transactions only in the Indian market?

Yes, the NDS is specifically designed for facilitating transactions in the Indian securities market.

: Are transactions through the NDS secure?

: Yes, the NDS has robust security measures in place to prevent unauthorized access and ensure that transactions are safely conducted.

Related Finance Terms

  • Over-The-Counter (OTC) Market
  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
  • Government Securities (G-Secs)
  • Treasury Bills (T-bills)
  • Electronic Trading Platform

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