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Naked Put


A naked put, also known as an uncovered put, is a type of options strategy in which an investor sells a put option without owning the underlying security or other forms of protection. The seller of a naked put is obligated to purchase the security at the agreed upon strike price if the buyer chooses to exercise the option. This strategy comes with a higher risk for the seller, as they can face significant losses if the underlying security’s price declines significantly.


The phonetic pronunciation of the keyword ‘Naked Put’ is: nā-kid poot

Key Takeaways

  1. Naked Put Definition: A naked put, also known as an uncovered put or a short put, is an options trading strategy where an investor sells a put option without owning any of the underlying security or requiring collateral. This means the investor is betting that the stock price will remain above the put option’s strike price at the time of expiration.
  2. Risk and Reward: Naked puts can be a profitable strategy if the stock remains stable or increases in value, as the investor can collect premiums and potentially not have to buy the underlying security. However, the strategy is considered high risk as the maximum potential loss is theoretically unlimited if the stock’s price drops significantly, or even drops to zero.
  3. Suitable for Experienced Traders: Naked puts are better suited for experienced traders who understand the risks and potential rewards of the strategy and are able to actively manage their positions. Margin requirements and regulations may also apply, so it’s important to be familiar with the requirements of the brokerage platform utilized for trading.


The term “Naked Put” holds importance in business and finance as it refers to a strategy employed by investors, involving the selling or writing of put options without holding an offsetting short position in the underlying asset. This approach allows the investor to generate income from the premiums collected when selling the put options, while potentially acquiring the underlying asset at a lower price. However, it comes with inherent risks, as the investor bears the full downside risk of the underlying asset, in case its price falls drastically. As such, understanding the concept of naked put is crucial for investors when evaluating their strategies and assessing the risk-return profile of their investments.


A naked put, typically employed by investors and traders, primarily serves the purpose of generating income through the premiums collected from selling put options. This strategy involves writing, or selling, put options without owning the underlying security or any corresponding offsetting positions. As a result, it presents the option writer with an opportunity to essentially “rent out” their capital to facilitate a buyer’s speculation or hedging activities. By engaging in this method, the option seller essentially bets on the likelihood that the underlying asset’s price will remain above the put option’s strike price throughout the duration of the option contract. Practitioners of the naked put strategy benefit from the effect of time decay on option premiums. As the expiration date approaches, the option tends to lose value, ultimately benefiting the option seller. When successfully executed, a naked put allows the option writer to pocket the entire premium should the option expire worthless. On the flip side, the option seller runs the risk of incurring potentially significant losses if the underlying asset’s price experiences a precipitous decline. It is crucial for investors employing the naked put technique to diligently assess the risks involved, stay informed about the underlying asset, and know when to exit the position for maximum benefit.


A naked put, also known as an uncovered put or a short put, is a financial strategy in which an investor sells (or “writes”) put options without owning the underlying security or instrument. This approach carries a certain level of risk, as the seller is obligated to purchase the underlying asset at the strike price if the option is exercised by the buyer. Here are three real-world examples: 1. Tech Company StockAn investor is bullish on a tech company and believes its stock will rise in the next few months. A current price for one share is $50. The investor decides to sell naked put options with a strike price of $45 and an expiration date two months away. If the stock’s price stays above $45, the investor keeps the premium from selling the put options. If the stock’s price falls below $45, the buyer will likely exercise the option, and the seller will have to buy the stock at $45 per share, incurring a loss. 2. Commodity Trading – Oil FuturesAn investor, confident that oil prices will rise, sells naked put options on crude oil futures contracts at a strike price of $60 per barrel with a three-month expiration. If the oil prices stay above $60 in that period, the investor keeps the option premium. However, if the oil prices fall below $60, the option could be exercised, and the investor will have to purchase the futures contract at $60 per barrel, despite the lower market price. 3. Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)An investor is optimistic about the real estate market and bullish on a specific Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). They decide to sell naked put options with a strike price of $75, expiring in 45 days. If the REIT’s stock price remains above $75, the investor will keep the premium earned from selling the options. If the stock price falls below the strike price, the investor will be obligated to purchase shares of the REIT at $75 each, even if the current market price is lower than the strike price.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Naked Put?
A naked put, also known as an uncovered put or short put, is an options trading strategy in which the investor sells put options without owning the underlying asset or having an offsetting position. The investor is essentially selling the rights for another party to sell them the stock at a specified price (strike price) by a specified time (expiration date).
How does a Naked Put work?
When an investor sells a naked put, they receive the premium for selling the option (i.e., the money from the buyer). Their potential profit is limited to the premium received, and their potential loss is unlimited if the stock price decreases significantly. If the stock’s price remains above the strike price, the put options will typically expire worthless, and the investor keeps the premium. However, if the stock price falls below the strike price, the investor may be obligated to buy the stock at the strike price, resulting in a loss.
What are the risks associated with a Naked Put?
The primary risk associated with a naked put is the potential for an unlimited loss if the stock price decreases significantly below the strike price. This can lead to the investor being obligated to buy the underlying asset at an unfavorable price, which could result in severe financial consequences.
What is the difference between a Naked Put and a Covered Put?
A naked put is a strategy in which the investor does not own the underlying asset or have an offsetting position. In contrast, a covered put is a strategy where the investor already holds a short position in the underlying asset. Thus, the covered put seeks to profit from a decrease in the asset price, while the naked put seeks to profit from the option premium by betting that the stock price will remain above the strike price.
For whom is the Naked Put strategy suitable?
The naked put strategy is suitable for investors with a high risk tolerance and a thorough understanding of options trading. Additionally, it is more applicable to those who are bullish on the underlying stock and believe that its price will remain above the strike price until the option expires. Keep in mind that many brokerage firms require a higher level of trading permissions for selling naked puts due to the potential for significant losses.

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