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Mothballing is a financial strategy where a company temporarily discontinues or suspends the operation of a business, production process, or a section of its activities. It’s often done during times of financial difficulty, but with an intention to resume operations in the future when conditions improve. The term originates from the practice of storing unneeded clothes or other fabrics with mothballs to protect them from damage.


The phonetics of the keyword “Mothballing” is /ˈmɒθˌbɔːlɪŋ/.

Key Takeaways

Main Takeaways About Mothballing:

  1. Mothballing Definition: Mothballing refers to the practice of placing a project, factory, or other business activity in a state of suspension, maintaining it in an operational state without actually using it for production. This is commonly done in industries where production capabilities may need to be ramped up or down quickly in response to market conditions.
  2. Financial Implications: Mothballing a project or asset can have significant financial implications. Although it reduces operational costs in the short term, it may require substantial investments to restart. However, it can be a useful strategy to mitigate losses during periods of low demand or poor market performance.
  3. Risks and Benefits: Mothballing carries both risks and benefits. While it can protect investments against volatile market conditions, it must be carefully managed to prevent deterioration of machinery and other assets. If not properly maintained, the costs of restarting operations could exceed the savings gained from the mothballing strategy.


The business/finance term “mothballing” is important as it refers to the practice of pausing or halting operations, especially in a business or production context, while still maintaining the capabilities for future use. Instead of fully closing a business or production line, mothballing allows companies to temporarily shut down a part or all of their operations due to factors such as market conditions, oversupply, high costs or unfavorable economic conditions. The advantage of mothballing lies in its flexibility. When conditions become more favorable, mothballed operations can be restarted, often with less cost and expedience than starting from scratch. Therefore, this term is crucial in strategic decision-making related to production and operations management.


Mothballing plays a crucial role in the strategic management of a company’s resources, particularly when operating in industries that are cyclical or experiencing a temporary downturn. This term refers to a strategy where an organization decides to stop production or operations, but opts not to sell or dismantle the infrastructure related to the halted process. Instead, they maintain the necessary requirements to ensure the assets could be quickly brought back to full operation when needed. In essence, the firm puts those areas of business ‘on hold’ or in ‘sleep mode’ , much like you’d consider mothballing a wool jumper you don’t need during summer but would want to reuse in the winter.By mothballing assets or processes, organizations can minimize costs associated with an unprofitable or underperforming segment without completely closing off the potential future opportunity it could present. This strategy can be particularly useful during low market demand or economic downturns, allowing a company to weather the storm and rapidly resume production or services when conditions improve. Mothballing also keeps the option open for a company to sell those assets in the future if the opportunity arises, potentially providing a financial advantage. Ultimately, mothballing provides flexibility, future potential, and cost savings for companies navigating the often unpredictable waters of the business world.


1. Caterpillar Inc: In 2016, Caterpillar Inc, a leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, decided to mothball their production facility in Aurora, Illinois due to the weakness of the mining and energy sectors, which failed to generate enough demand for its products. Only about 800 of the 3,200 employees were retained to maintain the mothballed facilities.2. Oil and Gas Industry: Oil and gas companies often mothball their wells and production when the prices of these commodities drop significantly. They do not permanently close the operations because they anticipate that prices will rise in the future and they can then reactivate the wells. For instance, during the 2014-2016 oil price collapse, many oil and gas companies mothballed their wells, waiting for the prices to recover.3. British Steel: In 2015, British Steel decided to mothball one of its steel plants in Teesside, UK. The decision was made due to the global oversupply of steel, which significantly decreased steel’s prices. The plant was not permanently shut down, because the company anticipated that the steel market would rebound in the future. Subsequently, when the market conditions improved, they reopened the plant.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What does Mothballing mean in a business context?

Mothballing refers to the practice of halting or suspending the operations of a business, a production line, or a portion of the business, typically because of economic conditions or market uncertainties. However, it also implies the intention to resume the operation or production in the future when conditions improve.

Why would a company choose to mothball operations?

Companies may choose to mothball to cut costs during periods of economic hardship or poor market conditions. This allows the company to avoid the complete closure of the asset, keeping the potential for its future reactivation when conditions are more favorable.

How does mothballing affect employees?

Mothballing may lead to layoffs or reduced working hours for some or all employees affected by the mothballed operations. However, as there is often an intention to resume operations in the future, some employees may be retained or asked to return once operations recommence.

Are there any costs associated with mothballing?

Yes, even if operations are halted, there can still be costs associated with maintenance, security or other measures for preserving the physical infrastructure and machinery. However, these costs are typically far lower than operational costs.

What is the difference between mothballing and shutting down?

While both involve cessation of operations, the main difference is in the intention for the future. Mothballing implies that the organization intends to restart operations in the future when conditions improve, whereas a shutdown often signifies a permanent closure of the operation or business.

Can mothballing affect a company’s value?

Yes, mothballing can impact a company’s value. On one hand, investors may view it negatively as a sign of financial distress or a challenging market. On the other hand, it can be viewed positively in that the company is taking a proactive stance to conserve resources and potentially bounce back stronger when conditions improve.

How does a company decide to revive from mothballing?

The decision to revive from mothballing is usually driven by positive changes in market conditions, increased demand for the product, service, or asset, or an improved financial situation.

Is mothballing used only in certain industries?

No, it can be used in any industry. However, it is more common in industries with high fixed costs or high barriers to exit, such as manufacturing, energy, and mining.

Related Finance Terms

  • Capital Expenditure: This term refers to the funds used by businesses to acquire, upgrade, and maintain physical assets. When a project or equipment is mothballed, it becomes a capital expenditure that isn’t generating profit.
  • Asset Impairment: Mothballing may lead to asset impairment, which is a sudden decrease in the recoverable value of a fixed asset belowits book value.
  • Depreciation: This refers to the method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful life. Depreciation continues to occur in mothballed assets.
  • Opportunity cost: The opportunity cost of mothballing refers to the potential gain that was given up in order to keep the asset idle.
  • Reactivation Cost: This refers to the money required to bring the mothballed project or machinery back into operation. Reactivation costs may include maintenance, upgrades, and replacements necessary to make the asset operational again.

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