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Moore’s Law


Moore’s Law isn’t a financial term, but a technological one. It’s a principle named after Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel, that states the number of transistors on a microchip will double approximately every two years, leading to an increase in computing power. This law has influenced major aspects of technological and digital evolution.


The phonetics of the keyword “Moore’s Law” is: /mʊərz lɔː/

Key Takeaways

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  1. Moore’s Law is a prediction made by Gordon Moore in 1965 – he theorized that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit would double approximately every two years, leading to an exponential increase in computing power.
  2. This principle has truly guided the semiconductor industry for decades. It led to advances in technology that resulted in smaller, faster, and cheaper electronic devices ranging from computers, smartphones, to advanced medical equipment and more.
  3. In recent years, the pace of Moore’s Law has slowed due to physical and economic constraints. However, its impact continues to influence technological advancements in fields like artificial intelligence, data centers, and quantum computing.

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Moore’s Law, named after Intel co-founder Gordon Moore, is an essential business and finance concept in the field of technology and digital electronics. This principle predicts that the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit will double approximately every two years. This trend has significant implications for businesses as it impacts innovation, technological advancement, and pricing. It indicates consistent technological growth, contributing to greater devices’ efficiency and power while decreasing relative cost over time. By understanding Moore’s Law, businesses can anticipate changes in technology costs and plan their investments in technology infrastructure accordingly, thus informing their strategic planning and competitive advantage.


Moore’s Law serves as a guiding principle for the technological and digital industry, setting a pace for the performance growth and development of computer hardware. Named after Gordon Moore, the co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel, it postulates that the processing power for computers will double every two years. This principle has greatly influenced the research and strategies of many semiconductor manufacturers, as they aim to enhance the capacity and speed of microprocessors, while reducing costs.In the sphere of business and finance, Moore’s Law is typically used for planning and forecasting. As it emphasizes the continual improvement of technology, many businesses have taken it as a benchmark for predicting the future capability of digital devices, advancements in technology, and the subsequent implications on costs. The financial aspects, such as budgeting for IT investments, pricing strategies, and understanding market trends for semiconductor products, are heavily informed by the implications of Moore’s law. Understanding and applying Moore’s Law enables businesses to stay competitive and innovative in the rapidly evolving digital world.


1. Intel Corporation: Founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon E. Moore, one of the pioneers behind Moore’s law, Intel is a prime example of a company adhering to this principle. Since its founding, Intel has been doubling the number of transistors in each new generation of processors approximately every 18-24 months, offering dramatically improved performance at a similar cost. From the 4004 processor in 1971 that included 2,300 transistors, to the Tiger Lake processors in 2020 with around 10 billion transistors, Intel has consistently followed Moore’s Law.2. Nvidia Corporation: This American tech company specializes in graphics processing units for the gaming industry, systems on chips for the mobile computing and automotive markets. By using Moore’s Law, they have managed to improve the efficiency of their GPUs while keeping costs reasonably low. For instance, their 2010 released GeForce GTX 480 had around 3 billion transistors, while the 2020 GeForce RTX 3080 has approximately 28 billion transistors. 3. Apple Inc: Apple’s devices have also followed Moore’s Law with their continual improvement of performance and efficiency in iPhones and iPads. A notable example is the transition from Apple’s A4 chip in 2010 to the A14 Bionic chip in 2020 used in the iPhone 12. The A4 chip had around 120 million transistors, while the A14 chip has 11.8 billion transistors, indicating almost a 100-fold increase. This allows for more capabilities, better efficiency, and improved performance in next-generation devices.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Moore’s Law?

Moore’s Law is a principle in the technology and business industries which posits that the number of transistors on a microchip doubles approximately every two years, leading to an increase in processing speed, efficiency, and technological potential.

Who coined Moore’s Law?

The law was named after Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and CEO of Intel, who outlined the concept in a 1965 paper.

How does Moore’s Law affect the business world?

Moore’s Law sets the pace for technological advancements, prompting businesses to constantly innovate and adapt to maintain competitiveness. This affects products’ life cycles, research and development plans, and overall business strategies.

How does Moore’s Law impact financial decision-making?

Understanding Moore’s Law can shape investment decisions. Companies that can keep up with or outpace Moore’s Law may offer potential growth opportunities.

Is Moore’s Law universally accurate?

While the law has held true for several decades, in recent years there has been debate in the tech industry about its continued applicability due to physical limitations and economic factors.

Why is Moore’s Law significant for consumers?

Moore’s Law implies that consumers can expect to see more powerful and efficient technology become available roughly every two years, often at the same or even reduced cost.

How does Moore’s Law impact hardware and software development?

It establishes a sort of deadline for advancements, encouraging developers to design software that can leverage improvements in hardware, and hardware designers to continually push the limits of miniaturization and efficiency.

What might be the future of Moore’s Law?

While Moore’s Law has driven exponential growth in computing power, there are physical limits to how small transistors can be made. Some say the law will eventually reach its limit, while others predict a shift in which different sorts of technological advances continue the spirit of Moore’s Law.

Related Finance Terms

  • Integrated Circuits
  • Technological Scaling
  • Semiconductor Industry
  • Computer Processing Power
  • Transistor Density

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