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Mill Levy


The mill levy, also known as the millage rate, is a tax rate determined by local governments on property. It is calculated as a fraction of a penny per dollar of assessed property value, with one mill equivalent to 1/1000 of a dollar. The funds generated from the mill levy usually fund local services like schools, fire departments, and infrastructure.


The phonetics of the keyword “Mill Levy” is: /mɪl ˈliːvi/

Key Takeaways

<ol> <li>Mill Levy is a property tax that is based on the assessed value of a property. The money collected from these taxes is typically used to fund local services such as schools, fire departments, and infrastructure projects.</li> <li>The amount of Mill Levy applied usually depends on the local government’s budget. It’s often expressed in mills, where one mill is equal to $1 per $1,000 of assessed property value.</li> <li>Mill levies can rise or fall depending on the financial needs of the governmental entity in question. They might be increased to raise funds for certain specific projects or decreased when certain debts are paid off.</li></ol>


The Mill Levy is an important term in business/finance as it denotes the property tax rate that is applied to the assessed value of a property. It’s crucial because it largely determines the amount of tax property owners will pay, contributing significantly to the financing of local public services such as schools, fire departments, and infrastructure. Mill Levy is expressed in mills per dollar, where one mill is equal to $1 of tax for every $1000 of assessed property value. Understanding this rate is essential for property owners and potential investors for budgeting purposes and financial planning. Furthermore, changes in the Mill Levy can indicate shifts in a community’s funding priorities or changes in its economic health.


The mill levy is a fundamental component for fiscal management in local government as it is the tax rate that is applied to the assessed value of a property. In essence, it plays a pivotal role in providing vital public services within a certain jurisdiction, which can encompass local entities like cities, counties, or school districts. Funds generated from the mill levy are often used to support various community necessities and developments such as schools, parks, emergency services, as well as the maintenance of physical infrastructure, including public roads and libraries.Within the scope of finance, the mill levy functions as a critical mechanism for the generation of principal revenue for local government entities. It is particularly important as it allows for a degree of autonomy for these entities, enabling them to respond to the unique needs and preferences of their communities. In practical use, the mill levy aids in ensuring stable fiscal health for local governments, hence it plays a critical role in maintaining the integrity and development of local communities.


1. School District: A local school district requires funds to improve its facilities and hire more teachers. The district determines the total funds needed for these projects and then divides that figure by the total property value within the district. This figure is the mill levy rate. The homeowners in this district will pay property taxes based on this rate and their properties’ assessed values.2. Infrastructure Development: A town needs to construct a new fire station and roads for a growing population. To fund these projects, the town council votes to increase the mill levy by a certain rate. This levy is then applied to all taxable properties within the town. The money collected through this process would be used solely for the infrastructure development.3. Public Library Funding: A Public Library system might use a mill levy to raise funds for enhancing digital services, increasing physical book collections, or improving the facilities. The mill levy is assessed on the property owners in the area the library serves. The property taxes collected would provide the targeted funding for the Public library’s needs.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Mill Levy?

A Mill Levy, also known as a Millage Rate, is a term used in finance and business referring to a property tax rate that is based on the assessed value of a property. The mill levy is typically expressed in mills , where one mill is equivalent to one dollar of tax per thousand dollars of assessed property value.

How does a Mill Levy work?

The Mill Levy can be calculated by dividing the dollars needed for local government services by the total assessed property value within the jurisdiction, then multiplying by 1,000.

How is a Mill Levy rate determined?

A Mill Levy rate is determined by local governments and approved by voters. They review the amount of money they need to raise for the budget year and divide that cost by the total assessed property value in their district.

What does a Mill Levy pay for?

The Mill Levy is typically used to support services such as education, public safety, infrastructure, and local government operations. The specifics of what is covered by the Mill Levy can differ depending on local laws and policies.

Can the Mill Levy rate change every year?

Yes, the rate can potentially change every year dependant on the budget requirements of the local government and the total assessed value of the properties in the jurisdiction.

What is the relationship between property value and the Mill Levy?

The amount a property owner pays in property taxes is directly related to the assessed value of the property and the Mill Levy. Higher property values or higher Mill Levies result in higher property tax payments.

Can the Mill Levy be appealed?

Typically, the Mill Levy itself cannot be appealed. However, property owners can appeal the assessed value of their property to potentially lower their overall tax liability.

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