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Long Straddle


A Long Straddle is a financial strategy used in options trading where an investor purchases a call option and a put option simultaneously. Both options have the same underlying asset, strike price, and expiration date. It’s a strategy that’s typically employed when the investor anticipates a significant price move, but is unsure of the direction of the move.


The phonetics of the keyword “Long Straddle” is lɔŋ ˈstrædəl.

Key Takeaways

<ol> <li>Long straddle is a versatile, neutral options strategy that allows investors to profit from either a significant upswing or a significant downswing in the price of the underlying asset. It involves purchasing an equal number of call and put options with the same expiration date and strike price.</li> <li>The maximum loss from a long straddle strategy is limited to the premium paid for both the call and put options, and it occurs when the price of the underlying asset equals the strike price at expiration.</li> <li>The greater the volatility of the underlying asset the more profit potential with a long straddle, as the strategy benefits from a big price move in either direction. This makes it a popular strategy during periods of expected high volatility or before high impact events like earnings reports.</li></ol>


The business/finance term “Long Straddle” is important because it’s a popular investment strategy used in options trading for investors who anticipate a significant price movement but are uncertain about the direction. It involves buying a call option and a put option with the same strike price and expiration date. This allows investors to profit from an upward or downward movement in the asset’s price. By setting up a long straddle, investors can limit potential loss to the initial cost of the options, while potential gains are unlimited. Therefore, understanding the concept of a Long Straddle is essential for investors in developing versatile strategies and managing potential risk and reward in volatile markets.


The Long Straddle is a prominent market strategy adopted throughout the financial sector, serving as a versatile tool for investors and traders interested in handling the uncertainties of volatile markets. The primary purpose of the Long Straddle lies in its design to profit from significant up or down movements in a market, regardless of the direction. Investors often employ this strategy when they predicted that a particular asset or security, such as stocks, bonds, currencies, or commodities, would undergo a major price flux, but are unable to accurately predict which way the market will turn.The Long Straddle works by purchasing an equal number of call and put options for the same asset with the same expiry date. When the underlying asset’s price goes up significantly, the call option allows the investor to buy the asset at a lower price, enabling a profit from the difference. Conversely, if the price drastically drops, the put option would allow selling the asset at a higher price, profiting from the variance. Essentially, a Long Straddle is used as a safety net to capitalise on substantial market movements, whilst simultaneously limiting potential losses associated with volatile markets.


1. Example 1: Amazon’s Earnings Report – A trader may believe Amazon’s earnings report and forecast is going to be significantly better or worse than market expectations (but isn’t sure which direction it will go), and therefore could decide to use a long straddle option strategy. They would buy a call and put option at the same strike price and expiration date. If Amazon’s stock price then moves sufficiently enough away from the strike price of the options (in either direction), the trader will end up in profit.2. Example 2: Pharmaceutical Trials – A pharmaceutical company, named PharmaX, is awaiting FDA approval for a high potential drug. An investment manager unsure about the FDA’s decision, but certain that it will drastically impact the stock price, could implement a long straddle strategy. They’d buy both a put and call option at the same strike price and same expiry date for PharmaX’s stocks. If the approval comes through and the stock price soars, or if it fails and the stock plummets, either way, they stand to profit from this strategy.3. Example 3: Pre-Election Uncertainty – Prior to major political events, such as a presidential election, investors might anticipate significant market volatility but may not be sure which way markets are going to move. In this case, an investor might use a long straddle strategy on an index like the S&P 500. They could be successful if the market swings dramatically one way or the other after the election result.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Long Straddle in finance and business terms?

A long straddle is an investment strategy in options trading, it involves the concurrent buying of a put option and a call option with the same strike price and expiration date. This strategy is usually used when an investor anticipates a significant price movement but is unclear about the direction.

When is a Long Straddle typically used?

A long straddle is typically used when an investor expects big price movement in a particular security, but is unsure of the direction of the move.

What are the potential outcomes of a Long Straddle strategy?

The trader could profit from a Long Straddle if the underlying security’s price moves up or down by more than the total premium paid for the options. However, if the price does not move or moves insignificantly, the investor would lose the premium paid for both the call and put options.

How risky is a Long Straddle strategy?

The risk of a long straddle strategy is essentially limited to the amount of money spent on the combined options’ premiums. If the anticipated movement in the underlying security’s price does not occur, the investor risks losing the entire initial investment.

Can you make a profit with a Long Straddle in a stagnant market?

No, the long straddle strategy thrives on volatility. If the market is stagnant and the price of the underlying security does not move past the strike price of the options by an amount greater than the premiums paid, the strategy would end up unprofitable.

How does volatility affect a Long Straddle?

Volatility is beneficial for a long straddle as this strategy profits from large price movements, regardless the direction. The more volatile the market or security, the higher the chance of a successful long straddle.

Does the investor need to own the underlying asset in a Long Straddle?

No, the investor does not need to own the underlying asset. The strategy involves buying options, not the actual asset.

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