Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Local Tax


Local tax refers to a compulsory financial charge or other levy imposed by a local government, which could be a city or town, on its residents and businesses. This tax is used to fund services such as schools, police, and parks in that specific locality. The rate and basis for calculation can vary greatly, typically involving property taxes, sales taxes, or income taxes.


The phonetics of the keyword “Local Tax” is: “ˈloʊkəl tæks”.

Key Takeaways

Local taxes are taxes levied by local governments like states, counties, and municipalities to fund public services. While local tax policies can vary widely depending on where you live, here are three main takeaways you should know:

  1. Types of Local Taxes: There are several types of local taxes, including property taxes, sales taxes, and income taxes. Property taxes, typically based on the assessed value of your home or property, help fund schools, roads, and other local services. Local income tax and sales tax, on the other hand, might not be implemented in all areas.

  2. Affects Your Finances: Local taxes can significantly affect both individuals and businesses’ finances. Depending on where you live or operate your business, these taxes can either relieve or put a strain on your budget. Thus, understanding your local tax obligations is crucial.

  3. Varies Across Regions: Local tax rates and rules vary across different regions. Some states, like Alaska, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming, don’t levy a state income tax at all. In contrast, others tax income at high rates. Similarly, sales tax rates can also range greatly across various regions.


Local tax is an essential term in business and finance because it refers to a form of taxation imposed not by the federal or state government, but by a smaller local governing body such as a city, county, or municipality. These taxes are critical because they primarily fund local programs and services, such as education, parks, transportation, and public safety. Understanding the implications of local tax is crucial for businesses as it impacts their financial planning and overall profitability. Depending on the local tax laws, these costs may be significant and can influence where a business chooses to locate, highlighting the term’s importance in business strategy and financial decision-making.


Local tax refers to charges imposed by local governing entities like cities, counties, or municipalities to fund public services. Its purpose is to generate income that is used to support various community services crucial for everyday life. This includes building and maintaining public infrastructures like roads, bridges, schools, parks, and public safety services like police and fire departments. It also funds social services like welfare, housing, and transport, and utility services such as water and waste management.Local taxes provide the financial resources necessary to ensure a locality can effectively operate and meet the needs of its citizens. It forms an essential part of a community’s fiscal structure and ensures self-sustainability. It also ensures that citizens who benefit from these local services contribute to their cost. Without local taxes, local governments would struggle to maintain essential services and infrastructure. Furthermore, it allows localities to have control to prioritize projects and services according to their population’s needs.


1. Property Tax: In many countries including the United States, local governments charge homeowners a tax based on the value of their property. This local tax often helps to fund public services like schools, roads, and fire departments. The rate varies largely based on the location and the perceived value of the property.2. Sales Tax: This is a tax charged by local governments on the sale of goods and services. The percent charged as sales tax varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. For instance, in Los Angeles, California, the total sales tax rate as of 2021 is 9.50%. Meanwhile, in Portland, Oregon there’s no sales tax at all. 3. Local Income Tax: Certain cities and localities have their own income tax on top of the state and federal income tax. For example, in New York City, residents have to pay city income tax ranging from 3.078% to 3.876% depending on their income level, in addition to state and federal taxes.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a local tax?

A local tax is a tax imposed by a local government authority, such as a city, county or district. It is designed to fund local initiatives, services, and infrastructure.

What is the purpose of local taxes?

The main purpose of local taxes is to collect revenue to fund various services such as public schools, police and fire services, local parks, local governing bodies’ administration, and infrastructure maintenance within the locality.

What are examples of local taxes?

Examples of local taxes include property tax, sales tax, vehicle registration fees, and local income taxes.

Do all cities and municipalities charge local taxes?

Not all. The exact local tax structures vary significantly depending on the jurisdiction. While some cities or municipalities impose local taxes, others may not.

How is the rate of local tax determined?

Local tax rates are typically determined by local government bodies such as city councils, county boards, or school boards. They may take into account factors like the local cost of living, budget needs, existing revenue, population size and more.

How does a local tax differ from a federal tax?

A local tax is imposed by city, county or district authorities and used for local services and initiatives. On the other hand, federal taxes are levied by the national government to fund nation-wide initiatives like defense, debt servicing, and federal programs.

How are local taxes paid?

Methods of payment for local taxes vary based on the type of tax and the locality. They could be paid directly, such as property taxes or through purchases, like sales taxes.

Who calculates the amount of local taxes that I owe?

Local tax authorities, such as the county tax assessor’s office or city revenue department, calculate the amount owed based on the local tax rates and taxpayer’s information.

Can individuals and businesses seek exemptions or reductions in local taxes?

Yes, in certain cases, local governments offer tax exemptions, deferments or reductions. These may apply to specific categories of people like seniors or veterans, or to businesses, particularly those in designated growth or redevelopment zones.

: Can local taxes be deducted for federal taxes?

: Some local taxes, such as property taxes, can be deducted on federal income tax returns, but the rules vary and there are often caps on these deductions. Please consult with a professional tax advisor for the most accurate information.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More