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Jesse L. Livermore


Jesse L. Livermore was not a financial term; rather, he was an American stock trader and investor who lived from 1877 to 1940. He gained notoriety and fame due to his remarkable success in the stock market, primarily through short-selling. Livermore’s trading strategies and techniques are still studied, inspiring books and influencing modern-day traders.


The phonetic pronunciation of the keyword “Jesse L. Livermore” is: Jesse: ˈjɛsiL.: ˈɛlLivermore: ˈlɪvərmɔr

Key Takeaways

  1. Jesse L. Livermore was an extremely successful stock trader who is considered one of the most influential traders in history. He made and lost millions multiple times during his trading career.
  2. Livermore’s trading principles and strategies, popularly known as the “Livermore rules,” continue to be widely employed by stock market traders today. His insights into market psychology, timing, and risk management have contributed greatly to the field of technical analysis.
  3. Jesse Livermore’s life story, including his successes and failures, has been documented in the classic book “Reminiscences of a Stock Operator” by Edwin Lefèvre. This book is considered essential reading for investors and traders worldwide.


Jesse L. Livermore is an important figure in the business and finance world because he was an early 20th-century stock trader who gained and lost multiple fortunes throughout his career, and his experiences have become lessons for investors and traders alike. Known for his unique trading strategies, he is often considered one of the pioneers in stock market trading techniques. Many believe his strategies and principles are still relevant today and have inspired numerous books, articles, and research. Moreover, Livermore was the inspiration behind Edwin Lefèvre’s popular book “Reminiscences of a Stock Operator;” this book remains a significant source of insight into market understanding and trading psychology. Ultimately, Jesse L. Livermore will always be remembered as an icon in the realm of finance and investing, providing valuable lessons for both novice and experienced investors.


Jesse L. Livermore is a renowned figure in the world of finance, particularly within the stock market and financial trading. Born in 1877, Livermore was an American stock trader who gained notoriety for his insightful and calculated speculations in the stock markets, becoming wildly successful during various periods of market tumult. His exploits and methods have been extensively studied and documented, making Livermore an influential and respected figure to traders and investors alike. The purpose of discussing Jesse L. Livermore in the context of finance and business is often to explicate his unique approach towards investing, which involved a mix of technical analysis, market timing, and keen observation of human behavior. Jesse L. Livermore provided several valuable insights and guiding principles that many traders and investors strive to apply in their financial endeavors. His observations about the importance of understanding market cycles, as well as his buy and sell strategies and discipline in adhering to stop-loss orders, have become cornerstones of technical trading. His investment philosophy was rooted in the recognition of emotionally driven market movements, which allowed him to not only endure but thrive during events such as the 1929 stock market crash. By examining Livermore’s approach to investing and trading, market participants can sharpen their skills, mitigate risks, and optimize their decision-making processes, which makes studying Jesse L. Livermore an indispensable exercise for serious individuals in the world of finance and business.


Jesse L. Livermore (1877-1940) was a famed American stock trader and investor in the early 20th century. Here are three real-world examples related to his career and the business/finance world: 1. Short selling during the San Francisco Earthquake (1906): Jesse Livermore was known for his ability to read market trends and capitalize on them. During the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Livermore recognized that the disaster would impact insurance companies and construction firms. He subsequently took short positions against those companies, netting him a considerable profit. This event highlights his grasp over market psychology and his ability to turn adverse conditions into financial opportunities. 2. Wall Street Crash of 1929: Livermore played an essential role during the Wall Street crash, which occurred on October 24, 1929, and led to the Great Depression. He predicted the looming crash and began short selling stocks, leading to significant profits. Later, he bought stocks at their lowest value and accumulated substantial holdings as prices gradually recovered, further augmenting his wealth. This example showcases Livermore’s incredible market foresight and his ability to profit from downturns. 3. Reminiscences of a Stock Operator (1923): This book, written by journalist Edwin Lefèvre, is a fictionalized account of Jesse Livermore’s life and trading strategies. It is considered an all-time classic and one of the best books on the stock market, shedding light on Livermore’s trading principles and mindset. The lessons illustrated in this book have resonated with traders for decades, earning the book a prominent place in the library of many successful financial professionals.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Who was Jesse L. Livermore?
Jesse L. Livermore was an American stock trader and investor, born on July 26, 1877, and passed away on November 28, 1940. He gained fame as one of the most successful, yet controversial, traders in history, earning and losing millions of dollars throughout his career.
What was Jesse L. Livermore known for?
Livermore was known for his trading strategies and stock market predictions. He made a fortune during the stock market crashes of 1907 and 1929 by short selling stocks. He is also famous for developing trading rules and principles, which are still considered relevant by modern-day traders and investors.
Are there any books or resources to learn about Jesse L. Livermore’s trading strategies?
Yes, there are various books and resources available to learn about Jesse L. Livermore’s trading strategies. The most famous book is “Reminiscences of a Stock Operator,” written by Edwin Lefèvre, which is a fictionalized account of Livermore’s life and his trading experiences. Another notable book is “How to Trade in Stocks,” written by Livermore himself, that details his trading strategies and ideas.
What are some of the key trading principles or rules developed by Jesse L. Livermore?
Some key trading principles or rules developed by Livermore include:1. Plan your trades and be disciplined in your approach.2. Manage your risks and understand your tolerance for potential losses.3. Be patient and wait for the right opportunity to enter a trade.4. Do not follow stock market tips, rumors, or the crowd; instead, focus on your analysis.5. Learn from your mistakes and continuously strive to improve your trading skills.
What happened to Jesse L. Livermore later in his life?
Jesse L. Livermore faced several financial ups and downs during his trading career, ultimately leading to his demise. After losing a significant portion of his fortune, he filed for bankruptcy multiple times and faced legal troubles. Tragically, he committed suicide on November 28, 1940, at the age of 63.
Are Jesse L. Livermore’s trading strategies still relevant in today’s markets?
Yes, despite being developed in the early 20th century, many of Jesse L. Livermore’s trading strategies are considered timeless and can still be applied to modern stock markets. These strategies emphasize proper risk management, patience, and disciplined trading, which are critical principles for success in today’s trading environment.

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