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IRS Publication 590-B


IRS Publication 590-B is a document provided by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that provides guidelines and information concerning the tax aspects of Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs). It specifically covers details on tax handling for distributions from IRAs, including when owners must start taking distributions and the taxation rules for those distributions. It also includes rules on what types of contributions are tax-deductible and various penalties taxpayers may incur related to their IRAs.


The phonetics for “IRS Publication 590-B” is:”EYE-ARE-ESS PUBLICATION FIVE-NINE-ZERO-BEE”

Key Takeaways

Sure, here are three main takeaways from IRS Publication 590-B in HTML numbered form. Please note that this is a simplified explanation and the actual publication contains much more detailed and comprehensive information.“`html

  1. Publication 590-B guides individuals on how to make withdrawals from retirement plans: This IRS guideline provides instructions on how to withdraw funds from traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, and other types of retirement accounts. It helps you understand when and how to take required minimum distributions (RMD).
  2. Information on Tax Consequences: The publication also explains the tax consequences of taking distributions before reaching age 59 1/2, which are typically subject to income tax and may also incur a 10% early distribution penalty unless an exception applies.
  3. Beneficiaries Details: IRS Publication 590-B also covers topics applicable to beneficiaries of retirement plans. It includes instructions about how non-spouses and spouses can deal with an inherited IRA, including how and when you must start taking required minimum distributions.

“`Be sure to consult IRS Publication 590-B or a tax professional for a more detailed understanding and personalized advice.


IRS Publication 590-B is essential because it provides comprehensive guidelines for individuals who are withdrawing from either an Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA), Individual Retirement Account, a Roth IRA or any other types of retirement plans during the year. This document contains relevant details regarding the tax implications and regulations associated with such withdrawals. It becomes crucial especially when calculating minimum required distributions and understanding the nuances of premature or excess distributions. Consequently, IRS Publication 590-B serves as a handy tool for any individual looking to make informed decisions about their retirement distributions, ensuring compliance with IRS rules, optimal financial planning, and avoiding potentially hefty penalties.


IRS Publication 590-B is an essential document for individuals who have Individual Retirement Arrangements, also known as IRAs. It’s purpose is to help account owners, trustees, and beneficiaries understand all the rules and regulations related to withdrawing from an IRA. It emphasizes the importance of distribution, particularly after the owner reaches the age of 70½ years, a key milestone when the distributions often come into play.This publication covers three main types of IRAs: Traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, and Simple IRAs. It provides detailed insight into how and when distributions must be made, guidelines on withdrawal penalties, tax implications, and stipulations for beneficiaries of these accounts. By educating IRA holders, it serves to ensure individuals can appropriately plan for retirement and avoid any potential hiccups or errors in distribution that could result in unexpected tax liabilities. It also guides beneficiaries on how to handle inherited IRAs, which carries its own set of rules and requirements.


IRS Publication 590-B is a document published by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. It provides taxpayers with valuable information about taking distributions from Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs). Here are three real-world examples of scenarios where IRS Publication 590-B could come into play:1. Early Distribution: Jane is a 50-year-old individual who needs to withdraw funds from her traditional IRA for an emergency. According to IRS Publication 590-B, since she is under the age of 59.5, she might be subjected to an additional 10% tax for early distributions unless she qualifies for an exception like disability, unreimbursed medical expenses, etc.2. Required Minimum Distribution (RMD): John, a 72-year-old retiree, has accumulated a sizeable amount in his IRA during his working years. According to IRS Publication 590-B, he must start taking Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) from his account each year, otherwise, he will face a heavy tax penalty. The exact amount of the RMD is based on life expectancy tables outlined in the publication.3. Inheritance: Mary’s father passed away and left her his Roth IRA. According to IRS Publication 590-B, as a non-spouse beneficiary, Mary has several options like taking distributions over her lifetime or within a 10-year period following the year of the IRA owner’s death. How she handles this inheritance could have significant tax implications, all detailed in the publication.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is IRS Publication 590-B?

IRS Publication 590-B is a document provided by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that provides information on the tax implications of distributions from individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). It covers both traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs.

Who needs to understand IRS Publication 590-B?

Any individual who has an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), whether it’s traditional or Roth, should understand IRS Publication 590-B. It’s also pertinent to financial advisors and tax professionals who offer advice on retirement accounts.

What topics does IRS Publication 590-B cover?

IRS Publication 590-B covers topics like distributions from traditional and Roth IRAs, required minimum distributions (RMDs) and early distributions, among others. It also explains the penalty for early withdrawal and income tax withholding.

How does IRS Publication 590-B define ‘distributions’?

Distributions in relation to IRS Publication 590-B typically refer to any money withdrawn from an IRA. This includes amounts you withdraw for your age in retirement, as a result of your disability, or as a beneficiary on someone else’s IRA after their death.

Where can IRS Publication 590-B be found?

IRS Publication 590-B can be found on the official website of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It can be downloaded for free.

Does IRS Publication 590-B include information on contribution limits to IRAs?

No, IRS Publication 590-B mainly provides information on distributions from IRAs. For information on the contribution limits to IRAs, refer to the IRS Publication 590-A.

Are there penalties for early withdrawal from IRAs according to IRS Publication 590-B?

Yes, IRS Publication 590-B provides details on penalties for early withdrawal from an IRA. Unless exceptions apply, you may owe an additional 10% tax on the distribution of taxable income.

Does IRS Publication 590-B provide detailed examples?

Yes, IRS Publication 590-B provides detailed examples to help understand the complexities of tax implications related to IRA distributions.

Is IRS Publication 590-B updated annually?

Yes, the IRS updates all its publications annually to reflect any changes in the tax codes. Therefore, it’s important to refer to the most recent version of IRS Publication 590-B.

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