Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Interim Dividend


An interim dividend is a dividend payment made by a corporation before its annual earnings are fully determined. It is declared and issued by a company’s board of directors during their fiscal year, usually at the end of a quarter. The amount is typically smaller and is based on the estimated annual profit.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Interim Dividend” would be: Interim: /ˈin.təˌrim/Dividend: /ˈdi.vɪ.dend/

Key Takeaways

Sure, here’s a basic structure of three main points about interim dividend:“`html

  1. Definition: An interim dividend is a type of dividend that is declared and distributed by a company’s board of directors before the company’s Annual General Meeting and the final financial statements are approved.
  2. Payment: This dividend is generally a part of the expected annual dividend and is usually paid out proportionate to the number of shares a shareholder owns.
  3. Depends on Company’s Financial Health: The decision to issue an interim dividend depends on the profitability and financial health of the company during the first half of the fiscal year. Trying to maintain investors’ confidence can also be one of the reasons for a company to pay out an interim dividend.



Interim dividend is a significant term in business/finance because it directly relates to the financial well-being of stockholders. An interim dividend is a distribution of a portion of a company’s profits before the end of its fiscal year and is usually declared and paid out when a company records considerate profits in the middle of the financial year. It shows the company’s financial health, operational strength, and ability to generate consistent income. By issuing interim dividends, companies can attract more investors and maintain investors’ confidence by ensuring a consistent and immediate return on their investment. Summarily, it showcases a company’s profitability and financial health while also serving as a tool for investor attraction.


Interim dividends serve as an important tool for companies to distribute their earnings among their shareholders in the midst of their financial year. The main objective of declaring an interim dividend is to give the shareholders a portion of the estimated annual yield in advance. It also serves as an indicator of the company’s strong financial performance and profitability before the financial year-end. Essentially, by declaring an interim dividend, the company provides immediate returns to its shareholders, which can boost investor confidence and potentially attract further investment.The decision to declare an interim dividend can be strategic, as it provides a signal to the market regarding the company’s financial health. It is often used as an instrument to maintain or uplift the company’s share price as it can attract the interest of potential investors who are drawn to the immediate return on their investment. This way, an interim dividend can play a multi-faceted role, not only rewarding existing shareholders but also potentially attracting new investment and adding to the company’s reputation in the market.


1. Microsoft Corporation’s Interim Dividend: In December 2004, Microsoft paid out an interim dividend to its shareholders. Traditionally, Microsoft pays an annual dividend, but due to exceptional financial performance and a large amount of cash surplus, they decided to distribute a part of this profit to the shareholders before the end of the financial year. This extra payout was classified as an interim dividend. 2. HSBC Holdings Interim Dividend: HSBC, one of the largest and most prominent banks globally, usually favours declaring an interim dividend alongside its semi-annual financial statement release. For instance, they declared an interim dividend in August 2021, providing returns to shareholders before the end of their financial year.3. Unilever PLC’s Interim Dividend: Unilever, the multinational consumer goods company, regularly pays an interim dividend. The first such dividend for Fiscal Year 2021 was paid in June, and a second interim dividend was paid in September. Through these interim dividends, the company aims to distribute a portion of its profits to shareholders before the end of their financial year.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is an interim dividend?

An interim dividend is a distribution made to shareholders of a company before annual earnings have been calculated. It is typically declared and paid by the board of directors in the middle of the company’s fiscal year.

Who decides on the distribution of the interim dividend?

The interim dividend is declared and distributed by the company’s board of directors based on the expected profitability and funds available for that fiscal year.

How frequently are interim dividends paid?

Interim dividends are usually paid once during the company’s fiscal year, typically halfway through the fiscal year. However, the frequency may vary from company to company.

Is the interim dividend mandatory for every company?

No, interim dividends are not mandatory. It depends on the company’s profitability, cash flow, and dividend policy. Some companies may choose not to pay an interim dividend at all.

How is the amount of interim dividend determined?

The amount of the interim dividend is typically based on the company’s expected full-year profits. The specific amount varies depending on the company’s dividend policy, earnings, and other financial factors.

Will shareholders always receive interim dividends?

Not necessarily. Whether a shareholder receives an interim dividend depends on the company’s decision based on its profits, cash flow situation and the policy of the company.

In what form are interim dividends paid out?

Interim dividends are generally paid out in cash, but they can also be in the form of additional shares of stock, known as a stock dividend.

Are interim dividends taxable?

Yes, like all dividends, interim dividends are typically subject to tax. The specific tax treatment can depend on various factors, including the jurisdiction and the shareholder’s tax situation.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More