Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Interbank Market


The Interbank Market is a sector within the financial system where banks trade currencies with each other. It serves primarily to facilitate international financial transactions and to manage exchange rate risks. Only the largest, most reputable institutions have access to this market, usually dealing in large amounts of money.


The phonetic pronunciation for the keyword “Interbank Market” is: ˈɪntərˌbæŋk ˈmɑːrkɪt

Key Takeaways

Sure, here’s that information in HTML numbered list format:“`html

  1. Interaction between Banks: The interbank market is a global network utilized by banks around the world to trade currencies. It is the top-level foreign exchange market where banks exchange different currencies. The banks can either deal with each other directly, or through electronic brokering platforms.
  2. Setting Currency Price: The interbank market plays a crucial role in setting currency prices. It is a decentralized market and the trading in this market influence the exchange rate and brings its volatility. It also fosters competition and innovation in the financial industry.
  3. Liquidity and Credit Risk: The banks involved must also manage the risk that they won’t be able to execute a transaction due to a lack of liquidity or that their counterparty fails to meet their obligations, a concept known as counterparty or credit risk. Banks in the interbank market, therefore, need to maintain strong relationships with each other to make sure they can carry out transactions smoothly.



The Interbank Market is a critical component of the global financial system as it facilitates the transfer of funds and foreign exchange transactions among banks across the globe. It helps maintain liquidity in banking operations; the ability for banks to easily convert assets into cash and meet their short-term obligations and financial objectives. Without the interbank market, banks would find it hard to maintain stability and manage their daily transactions effectively. It also plays a crucial role in determining the overall interest rates in the economy because the cost at which one bank lends to another in this market influences the interest rate landscape. Therefore, understanding the interbank market operations is vital for both economic and monetary policy perspectives.


The interbank market serves a critical role in the global financial ecosystem as a platform where banks can lend and borrow from each other, essentially helping to manage liquidity within the banking system. It is primarily utilized by banks to manage their liquidity needs in the short-term, usually for durations from one day to a week. Banks with surplus funds can lend to those experiencing temporary shortages, thus maintaining the smooth functioning of the monetary system, which is vital for economic stability.The interbank market also plays a key role in the determination of interest rates. The interest rates at which banks lend to each other in this market influence the rates they charge their customers, affecting the costs of loans, mortgages, and other financial products. It also steers foreign exchange rates and aids financial institutions in managing risks connected with currency fluctuations. Thus, the interbank market is a vital mechanism in the smooth operation of the global economic system.


1. Foreign Exchange Market: The foreign exchange market is the largest and most visible example of an interbank market, where currency rates are determined. This is where banks and financial institutions buy and sell currencies from each other to facilitate international transfers and to manage their currency risk. 2. Eurodollar Market: The Eurodollar market is an example of an interbank lending market. Banks with excess liquidity in US dollars deposit these with banks that need US dollars for a short period of time. The loans are in the form of time deposits for large amounts and the market is primarily used to flexibly manage liquidity globally.3. London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR): LIBOR is another example of interbank market operations. It’s the average interest rate estimated by leading banks in London that they would be charged if borrowing from other banks. This benchmark interest rate affects how global interest rates are being determined, and it’s an example of a interbank lending/borrowing process that has a broad impact on the global economy.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Interbank Market?

The Interbank Market is a financial system where banks trade currencies from different countries. It serves as a platform for banks worldwide to buy and sell foreign currencies.

How does the Interbank Market work?

The Interbank Market works by enabling financial institutions to either purchase or sell foreign currencies. The transactions are done in pairs where one currency is sold in exchange for another based on the current exchange rate.

Who participates in the Interbank Market?

Mainly financial institutions like commercial banks, investment banks, central banks, and brokers participate in the Interbank Market. However, other financial entities such as hedge funds or multinational corporations also participate indirectly through these banks.

How does the Interbank Market affect the economy?

Since the Interbank Market influences foreign exchange rates, it ultimately impacts imports and exports. A rise or fall in exchange rates adjusts the price for goods and services, influencing inflation and economic growth.

What is the relationship between the Interbank Market and Forex market?

The Interbank Market is actually part of the broader Forex market. It’s where the banks trade currencies among themselves, dictating the currency supply and determining the exchange rates offered to their customers and in the broader Forex market.

What’s the role of central banks in the Interbank Market?

Central banks may intervene in the Interbank Market to stabilize or influence their national currency. They do this through monetary policies or by directly buying or selling the currency.

What does the term ‘Interbank Rate’ mean?

The ‘Interbank Rate’ refers to the rate of interest charged on short-term loans made between banks. This rate fluctuates based on the laws of supply and demand in the Interbank Market.

Is the Interbank Market regulated?

The Interbank Market itself is an over-the-counter market with no centralized exchange, meaning there is not a single body that directly oversees all transactions. However, the banks that participate are typically regulated by their respective national regulatory authorities.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More