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Herrick Payoff Index


The Herrick Payoff Index (HPI) is a technical analysis tool that uses price, volume, and open interest data to identify potential price movements in commodities markets. The index measures the money flow in and out of the market, taking into account both changes in prices and transaction volume. HPI can be used to signal potential trend reversals and confirm existing trends in price movements.


The phonetics of “Herrick Payoff Index” are:”Herrick”: /ˈherək/”Payoff”: /ˈpāˌôf/”Index”: /ˈindeks/

Key Takeaways


  1. The Herrick Payoff Index (HPI) is a market breadth indicator that factors in price, volume, and open interest to give a comprehensive and detailed view of the market’s probable behavior. It is predominantly used by traders for analyzing the flow of money into and out of the futures market.
  2. The HPI does not only focus on price movements but also integrates volume and open interest data into its calculation, which makes it unique among other indices. Because of this, the indicator can seem complicated to calculate, however, the comprehensive insights it provides make it worth the effort.
  3. Large positive or negative values of HPI may indicate potential price reversals. Also, divergences between the index and asset prices can serve as warnings of impending changes in market trends. However, like all technical indicators, the Herrick Payoff Index is best used in conjunction with other indicators and trading strategies.



The Herrick Payoff Index (HPI) is an important tool in business finance as it is used to identify potential price reversals and gauge the strength of price trends in futures, options, and spot commodities. Essentially, it measures the money flow into or out of a financial instrument, providing valuable insights into its market volatility and liquidity, thereby helping traders and investors make informed decisions. By considering open interest, volume, and price changes, HPI gives a more comprehensive picture of market conditions. An increasing HPI indicates strong, bullish trends, while decreasing HPI signals bearish trends. Therefore, understanding and using the Herrick Payoff Index effectively can significantly improve investment strategies.


The Herrick Payoff Index, or HPI, is primarily used for the identification of potential price reversals, divergences, or extreme price levels through the integration of price, volume, and open interest data. It is especially important in futures trading which inherently involves a considerable amount of uncertainty. Analysts and investors utilize the HPI to get a more comprehensive understanding of the market dynamics beyond what traditional price action methods offer. The complex calculations carried out by the HPI can assist in interpreting current market conditions accurately and thus, making more informed and strategic decisions.The main purpose of the Herrick Payoff Index is to quantify money flow. By considering price action, trading volume, and open interest, it can reveal whether money is moving into or out of a contract. This is crucial as it can help point out potential trend reversals before they happen, allowing efficiently timed entry and exit points. By measuring the flow of money into the futures market, investors can gain a better sense of the market sentiment, providing them with insight into potential shifts in the momentum of market prices. For instance, a rising HPI can indicate bullish market situations, whereas, a falling HPI may signal bearish conditions. Ultimately, the HPI can be a powerful tool for both novice and expert traders to optimize their investment strategies, reduce risks, and boost profitability.


The Herrick Payoff Index (HPI) is a technical analysis tool used in the financial markets to determine risk and reward scenarios, especially for trading commodities futures. Here are three real-world examples:1. Forex Trading: Forex traders use the Herrick Payoff Index to spot divergence between the HP Index and the price action. For instance, if an upward trend in a currency pair isn’t supported by a corresponding increase in the HP Index, it may signify that the currency pair is overbought, and a price correction might soon follow.2. Commodity Futures Trading: A commodities futures trader, for example, who deals with oil, might use the HPI to identify situations where the volume and open interest of oil futures contracts are increasing but the price of oil is not. This could indicate that the price of oil is about to rise, signaling a potential buying opportunity.3. Stock Market Trading: Many traders in the stock market use HPI to help identify potential reversals in the market. If the price of a particular stock is on a rising trend, but the HPI shows a downward trend, it’s a sign that the stock may be overpriced. In such a scenario, a trader might consider selling that stock. Conversely, when the stock price is on a downward trend and the HPI shows an upward trend, it could be a signal that the stock is undervalued, signaling an opportunity to buy.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Herrick Payoff Index?

The Herrick Payoff Index (HPI) is a technical analysis tool used to evaluate price movements and volume in the futures market. It was developed by John Herrick and can help traders identify potential price reversals.

What is the main purpose of the Herrick Payoff Index?

The main purpose of HPI is to identify potential price reversals in the futures market. By using price, open interest, and volume data, this index provides traders with a more comprehensive view of market conditions.

How is the Herrick Payoff Index calculated?

The calculation of HPI is somewhat complex. It involves the usage of multi-factor formulas taking into account futures volume, open interest dynamics, and price changes on a daily basis.

What does a positive HPI indicate?

A positive Herrick Payoff Index generally indicates buying pressure or bullish activity. It can signal an upcoming uptrend in the futures market.

What does a negative HPI suggest?

A negative Herrick Payoff Index usually indicates selling pressure or bearish activity. It can signal an upcoming downtrend in the futures prices.

Can the Herrick Payoff Index be used for stocks or other securities?

The Herrick Payoff Index is primarily designed for futures contracts. While it could technically be applied to other securities, it may not prove to be as effective or accurate since it takes into consideration aspects unique to futures trading such as open interest.

How reliable is the Herrick Payoff Index as a trading tool?

Like any technical analysis tool, the reliability of HPI will depend largely on the trader’s skills and experience in interpreting the signals. It’s best used in conjunction with other indicators and trading strategies to make informed decisions.

How can I use the Herrick Payoff Index in my trading strategy?

The Herrick Payoff Index can be used to help confirm price trends and identify potential reversals. For example, if the HPI is positive and consistently rising, it could suggest an uptrend. Conversely, a consistently declining HPI might indicate a downtrend. If there are sharp changes in the HPI, it might indicate a potential price reversal.

Related Finance Terms

  • Commodity Channel Index
  • Volume Weighted Average Price
  • Market Trends
  • Financial Markets
  • Technical Analysis

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