# Gross Rate of Return

## Definition

The gross rate of return is the total return on an investment before deductions for expenses such as taxes, fees, and interest. It is usually expressed as a percentage and represents the full amount of gain or growth that an investment has generated over a certain period. This form of return does not factor in the costs that were incurred to achieve the investment which differentiates it from the net rate of return.

### Phonetic

The phonetics for the keyword: Gross Rate of Return is: grohs reyt ov ri-turn.

## Key Takeaways

<ol><li>Gross Rate of Return calculates the return on an investment before the deduction of any fees or expenses. It is often a preliminary measure of an investment’s performance.</li><li>It’s important to differentiate Gross rate from Net rate of return. While Gross Rate of Return does not deduct fees or costs involved in the investment, in reality, the investor often needs to pay a number of such fees which are accounted for in the Net Rate of Return. Therefore, investors should always consider both Gross and Net Rate of Return when making decisions.</li><li>The formula to calculate Gross Rate of Return is fairly simple: Gross Rate of Return = (End value of the investment/ Beginning value of the investment) -1. This value is usually represented as a percentage, providing an easily understandable indicator of how well an investment is performing.</li></ol>

## Importance

The Gross Rate of Return is an important business/finance term because it provides an essential measure of an investment’s profitability before the deduction of taxes and fees. It presents the total return on an investment prior to any deductions of investment costs such as management charges, transaction fees, and capital gains tax. Hence, it allows investors to gauge the raw performance of an investment, which is particularly useful for comparison purposes with other potential investments. Gross rate of return helps investors analyze and assess the effectiveness and efficiency of their investment decisions, making it a critical concept in investment and financial planning.

## Explanation

The Gross Rate of Return, an important concept in finance, is used as an indicator to assess the performance of an investment or to compare the efficiency of different investments. Essentially, it provides an initial look at the total gains an investment has made, without considering the associated costs such as taxes and investment fees. This allows investors and business managers to have a raw understanding of an investment’s potential and its profitability, serving as a tool for comparing different opportunities on a high level.In context, let’s consider an individual investing in a business or the stock market. By calculating the Gross Rate of Return, they can get a basic understanding of how much profit or income the investment has generated over a certain period of time. However, it is important to note that the Gross Rate of Return takes no account of the costs of achieving that return, which is why this is considered a preliminary assessment tool. Businesses and investors would always need to consider and calculate the Net Rate of Return in order to get a complete understanding of an investment’s performance. It shows the real rate of profitability, providing a more comprehensive picture, as it includes expenses, fees, and taxes that were incurred during the investment period.

## Examples

1. Stock Investment: Let’s say an investor purchases stock in ABC Corporation at \$50 per share. After one year, the stock price rises to \$60. In addition, the investor receives a dividend of \$2 per share. The gross rate of return would then be (\$60-\$50+\$2)/\$50 = 24%. 2. Real Estate: If a real estate investor purchases a property for \$200,000 and after one year, the property is valued at \$230,000 in the market while generating rental income of \$20,000. The gross rate of return would be (\$230,000-\$200,000+\$20,000)/\$200,000 = 25%.3. Mutual Fund Investment: A person invests \$10,000 in a mutual fund. After a year, the value of the mutual funds has risen to \$11,000 and the fund has paid \$500 in dividends. The gross rate of return on this mutual fund would be (\$11,000-\$10,000+\$500)/\$10,000 = 15%.

What is Gross Rate of Return?

Gross Rate of Return refers to the total return on an investment without accounting for taxes or fees. It measures the amount of money made on an investment as a percentage of the original investment.

How is Gross Rate of Return calculated?

It’s calculated by subtracting the original investment from the gain on investment, and then dividing that number by the original investment. The formula is (Gain from Investment – Original Investment) / Original Investment x 100.

Does Gross Rate of Return account for inflation?

No, the Gross Rate of Return does not account for inflation. It is a nominal value, meaning it does not take into account the changing value of money over time.

How does Gross Rate of Return differ from Net Rate of Return?

Gross Rate of Return does not subtract any fees or taxes from the gains made on an investment, whereas Net Rate of Return does. Net Rate of Return provides a more accurate picture of the actual financial gain made on an investment.

What are the limitations of assessing an investment using Gross Rate of Return?

Gross Rate of Return may present an inaccurate picture of the profitability of an investment because it does not account for expenses such as taxes, fees or inflation. It’s important to consider these factors before making an investment decision.

Why is the Gross Rate of Return used in finance?

Gross Rate of Return can provide quick information on an investment’s performance. It’s especially useful in comparing the efficiency of different investments without considering costs. However, it’s just one of the many tools used in finance for decision-making.

Is the Gross Rate of Return always a positive number?

No, if the gains from the investment are less than the original investment, the Gross Rate of Return will be negative. This signifies that the investment led to a loss.

Can Gross Rate of Return be used for comparisons between different investments?

Yes, Gross Rate of Return can be used to compare the ratio of money gained to the original investment across different investment opportunities. However, keep in mind that it doesn’t consider tax, fees, and inflation.