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Gross Net Written Premium Income


Gross Net Written Premium Income refers to the total amount of premiums a insurance company receives from policies they have underwritten, after accounting for any reinsurance. It includes both the premiums for the new policies written, and the renewals of the past policies. It serves as a significant measure of the insurance company’s direct underwriting exposure and business volume.


“Gross Net Written Premium Income” in American Phonetics would be: ɡrōs nɛt ˈritn̩ ˈprēmēəm ˈinkəm.

Key Takeaways

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  1. Gross Premiums: This refers to the total premiums received by an insurance company without accounting for reinsurance and other deductions. It includes both written and unwritten policies.
  2. Net Written Premiums: This is the amount of premium left after deducting the cost of reinsurance. It represents the total potential income an insurer can receive if all policies are held to maturity.
  3. Premium Income: This is the revenue that an insurance company earns from its underwriting activities. It is generated by accepting the risk of potential loss in exchange for a fee, often in the form of a regular payment known as a premium.

“`The above explanations are intended to be a quick summary. It is recommended to dive deeper into the financials and operations of insurance companies to fully understand these concepts.


The business/finance term Gross Net Written Premium Income is important because it serves as a key indicator of an insurance company’s profitability and financial health. This metric reflects the insurance premium revenues received by the company, after accounting for reinsurance and cancellations, but before deductions for commissions and administrative expenses. It represents the total potential earnings the insurance company can generate. By assessing the Gross Net Written Premium Income, stakeholders can analyze the company’s growth, efficiency, and overall risk exposure, making it an essential factor in business decisions and strategic planning.


Gross Net Written Premium Income (GNWPI) is a vital measure in the insurance industry, serving as a financial metric that helps companies to gauge their overall growth and profitability potential. It refers to the total income an insurance company generates from premiums, minus reinsurance costs. GNWPI paints a comprehensive image of a company’s risk exposure, its market presence, and its capacity to pay claims. This data serves as a crucial point of reference when forming business strategies, pricing premiums, creating budgets, and setting financial projections.Furthermore, GNWPI plays a crucial role in assessing a company’s market position by comparing the GNWPI of different insurance companies. This allows companies to understand competition and customer preferences better. Investors and analysts also use this metric to gauge the performance and strategic direction of an insurance company, making it an important criterion in investment decision-making. Regulators also use this metric in order to monitor the financial health and risk exposure of insurance companies. So, within the finance and insurance sectors, GNWPI is a valuable analytical tool, indispensable for effective strategy formulation and risk management.


Gross Net Written Premium Income refers to the total revenue a company or an individual makes from its insurance policy, before any deductions are made for losses, expenses, business costs, or other costs. This financial metric is commonly used by insurance companies to measure performance. Here are a few real-world examples:1. State Farm Insurance: For instance, in the year 2020, State Farm Insurance reported gross written premiums of about $41.9 billion in their property and casualty segment. This represents their gross net written premium income, or the total amount of premiums they wrote before accounting for payouts, claims, and other business costs.2. Allstate Corporation: Allstate, another major insurance company, reported a gross written premium of around $33.3 billion in 2019 in their property-liability insurance segment. This figure, again, would be the gross net written premium income — i.e., the total revenue that Allstate made from policy premiums, before deducting for their operational costs, losses, taxes, and so forth.3. Berkshire Hathaway Reinsurance Group: Berkshire Hathaway, owned by billionaire investor Warren Buffet, also has a significant reinsurance group. For the year 2019, this group reported gross written premiums of approximately $15 billion. This amount represents Berkshire Hathaway Reinsurance Group’s gross net written premium income before losses, business costs, and other expenses are considered.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Gross Net Written Premium Income?

Gross Net Written Premium Income (GNWPI) refers to the income an insurance company earns from the total premiums written after deducting the premiums for the reinsurance. It fully accounts for all premiums, regardless of whether the policies have expired or are yet to be written.

How is Gross Net Written Premium Income calculated?

GNWPI is calculated by taking the total gross written premiums, subtracting any premiums paid for reinsurance, and adding any payments received from reinsurance contracts.

Why is Gross Net Written Premium Income important in the insurance business?

GNWPI is a key measure of an insurance company’s financial health. It provides insight into the insurance company’s ability to generate underwriting income, handling claims, and assessing its underwriting performance.

Can a company have negative Gross Net Written Premium Income?

Yes, it’s possible for a company to have negative GNWPI. This might occur if the company has paid more in reinsurance premiums than it has earned in gross written premiums.

Is Gross Net Written Premium Income the same as Net Earned Premium?

No, they are not the same. While GNWPI shows the insurance company’s revenue from premiums after accounting for reinsurance, Net Earned Premium also considers the insurance risk covered during the policy term.

How frequently is Gross Net Written Premium Income usually calculated and reported?

The frequency of calculation and reporting of GNWPI may differ from one company to another, but most insurance companies generally report it on a quarterly or annual basis.

Is Gross Net Written Premium Income the only measure of an insurance company’s success?

No, while GNWPI is an important metric of an insurance company’s underwriting performance, it’s also important to consider other factors like claim liabilities, investment income, operating expenses, and policyholder surplus.

Related Finance Terms

  • Underwriting Profit: This is the profit that an insurance company generates after paying out claims and administrative expenses.
  • Net Earned Premium: This reflects the portion of a company’s total collected insurance premiums that corresponds with the coverage that has been provided during a specific period.
  • Risk Exposure: The potential for losses due to uncertainty in a wide array of business and financial processes.
  • Loss Ratio: This is a ratio of total losses paid out in claims plus adjustment expenses divided by the total earned premiums.
  • Policyholder Surplus: The amount by which an insurance company’s assets exceed its liabilities, often viewed as a measure of the insurer’s financial strength and stability.

Sources for More Information

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