Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS): Definition & Uses


The Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) are ethical standards applied globally for investment firms to use in calculating and presenting their investment results to prospective clients. These standards aim to promote transparency and ensure fair representation and full disclosure in investment performance reporting. Utilizing GIPS enhances the credibility of investment firms and aids prospective clients in comparing and evaluating the performance history of such firms.


The phonetics for ‘Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS): Definition & Uses’ would be:Global – /ˈɡloʊ.bəl/Investment – /ɪnˈvɛs(t)mənt/Performance – /pərˈfɔːr.məns/Standards – /ˈstæn.dərds/(GIPS) – /ɡɪps/Definition – /ˌdɛfɪˈnɪʃ(ə)n/and – /ænd/Uses – /ˈjuːzɪz/Please note that the phonetic transcription might vary slightly based on different types of English accent.

Key Takeaways

1. Standardization and Transparency: The Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) aim to provide a standardized, ethical framework for calculating and presenting an organization’s performance history. This level of standardization across firms and geographies allows for a greater degree of transparency, enabling investors to compare and analyze performances with accuracy.

2. Global Adoption and Use: GIPS have been adopted by multiple high-powered investment firms worldwide. This wide acceptance is primarily due to the standards fostering stringent practices that help build trust with clients and prospective investors. In practice, a firm claiming GIPS compliance shows that they submit to the rigorous demands of these global standards, enhancing their reputation.

3. Comprehensive Reporting: GIPS standards require comprehensive reporting of an organization’s investment results. This information must include both gross-of-fees and net-of-fees returns. By demanding a consistent calculation of returns, timeliness, and accuracy, GIPS ensures that potential investors receive a realistic understanding of how investments have performed in the past, thereby informing better decision-making for their future investment strategies.


The Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) are important in the realm of business finance because they establish a standardized, ethical framework for investment firms to calculate and present their investment results. This worldwide recognized set of standards ensures comparability, transparency, and fairness across the investment industry. By adhering to GIPS, companies can provide current and potential investors with accurate and consistent data, thereby fostering trust and promoting informed investment decision-making. Thus, GIPS not only help to maintain integrity in the financial market, but also facilitate international business activities by creating a universally applicable performance measurement baseline.


The Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) serve as a unique, voluntarily applied set of standardized, ethical principles utilized by investment firms worldwide to calculate and present their investment results to prospective clients. The primary purpose of these standards is to ensure fair representation and full disclosure of investment performance. Having a universally accepted benchmark like GIPS allows for greater transparency and consistency, providing investors with added confidence and empowering them to compare the past performance of different investment firms from around the world accurately. GIPS is used extensively for promoting ethics and integrity in the investment industry. Firms that are compliant with GIPS are seen as upholding rigorous standards of ethical conduct and are often viewed as more reputable, thereby giving investors insights into the company’s commitment to transparency and consistency in their performance reporting. Additionally, GIPS assists investment firms in organizing and presenting their investment methodologies, results, and strategies the same way—irrespective of their country of business—making it easier for prospective clients or stakeholders to make well-informed investment decisions. They are incredibly valuable to investors, serving as a safeguard against misleading investment performance claims.


1. Vanguard Group Inc.: As one of the largest investment companies in the world, the Vanguard Group Inc. adheres to the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) to ensure transparency and ethical dealing for its clients. They set these standards against their investment performance and risk assessments for globally diversified portfolios, providing consistent and transparent reporting.2. BlackRock Inc.: Another major global investment company, BlackRock, also complies with GIPS for its investment strategies. The GIPS standards allow BlackRock to operate transparently and fairly in the competitive global capital market. The company uses these standards to regularly compare its performance against global benchmarks, enabling clients to make informed decisions.3. Swiss Investment Firm Mirabaud: The European based investment firm Mirabaud uses GIPS standards in conducting its operations. This provides a consistent, industry-wide, ethical standard for calculating and presenting their investment performance. This level of accountability and transparency helps them attract international clients and creates trust in their investment strategies as they can transparently compare their performance against global standards.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What are Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS)?

Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) are a set of ethical standard guidelines for reporting the performance of investment funds. Developed by the CFA Institute, these standards are aimed at providing transparency and consistency in investment performance reporting.

What is the main purpose and use of GIPS?

The main purpose of GIPS is to encourage fair representation and full transparency of investment performance. These standards are used to offer a global framework for investment firms to report historical performance with accuracy and consistency, aiding clients in comparing the performance of different firms.

Are GIPS mandatory to follow?

While GIPS are seen as the best-practice standards in the investment community, they are not legally required or enforced by a regulatory authority. However, many firms choose to comply voluntary in order to demonstrate their commitment to ethical practices.

Who can apply GIPS?

Any organization that manages assets can apply GIPS. This includes investment management companies, asset management firms, trust companies, mutual funds and so on. Moreover, some clients and consultants prefer working with firms that comply with these standards.

What are the key components of GIPS?

The key components of GIPS include input data, calculation methodology, composite construction, disclosures, and presentation and reporting. These components help ensure that investment performance is reported accurately and consistently.

How does complying with GIPS benefit an investment firm?

Complying with GIPS can improve investor trust and confidence in the credibility of performance presentations. It helps to demonstrate transparency and enhances the firm’s reputation for ethical conduct. Furthermore, it can facilitate the comparison between firms, enhancing competitiveness in the global marketplace.

Are GIPS only applicable to firms in certain countries?

No, GIPS are truly global standards applicable to investment firms in any country. They aim to provide a universally accepted, industry-wide standard for performance reporting across global markets.

How are GIPS standards verified?

Compliance with GIPS can be verified through a third party verifier. Verification is an additional level of assurance, offering investors and prospects further confidence in a firm’s adherence to GIPS standards. However, verification is not a guarantee of investment performance or the accuracy of a performance report.

Related Finance Terms

  • Compliance: It is the practice of adhering to the GIPS standards and regulations, ensuring a company’s investment performance is calculated and presented accurately.
  • Auditing: This term refers to the methodical examination and analysis of a company’s financial statements to ensure compliance with GIPS guidelines.
  • Performance Measurement: It refers to the process of collecting and analyzing past investment data to gauge the performance and effectiveness of investments, guided and standardized by the GIPS.
  • Portfolio Benchmarking: Under GIPS, this relates to comparing a portfolio’s performance to a benchmark index to determine its relative success. The standards set certain requirements for appropriate benchmark selection.
  • Fair Value: As per GIPS guidelines, it’s a principle that requires all investments to be valued at their fair value for a more accurate and reliable representation of a portfolio’s performance.

Sources for More Information

About Our Editorial Process

At Due, we are dedicated to providing simple money and retirement advice that can make a big impact in your life. Our team closely follows market shifts and deeply understands how to build REAL wealth. All of our articles undergo thorough editing and review by financial experts, ensuring you get reliable and credible money advice.

We partner with leading publications, such as Nasdaq, The Globe and Mail, Entrepreneur, and more, to provide insights on retirement, current markets, and more.

We also host a financial glossary of over 7000 money/investing terms to help you learn more about how to take control of your finances.

View our editorial process

About Our Journalists

Our journalists are not just trusted, certified financial advisers. They are experienced and leading influencers in the financial realm, trusted by millions to provide advice about money. We handpick the best of the best, so you get advice from real experts. Our goal is to educate and inform, NOT to be a ‘stock-picker’ or ‘market-caller.’ 

Why listen to what we have to say?

While Due does not know how to predict the market in the short-term, our team of experts DOES know how you can make smart financial decisions to plan for retirement in the long-term.

View our expert review board

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More