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Gate Provision


A gate provision is a clause in a hedge fund or private investment partnership agreement, which limits the amount of withdrawals investors can make during a specific period. It is designed to protect the fund from large-scale redemptions, enabling more stable management of the fund’s assets. Gates can be applied at both individual investor and fund level, with the latter restricting the overall percentage of the fund that can be redeemed by all investors during a specific period.


The phonetic representation of the keyword “Gate Provision” in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) would be: /ɡeɪt prəˈvɪʒən/

Key Takeaways

  1. Gate provision refers to the allocation and implementation of security equipment or systems at entry and exit points of a property, place, or facility, ensuring restricted or controlled access.
  2. Gate provision plays a vital role in maintaining the safety and security of the premises by deterring unauthorized entry, tracking movements, and protecting valuable assets.
  3. Various types of gate provision systems include manual gates, automated gates, access control systems with intercoms, and advanced systems with surveillance cameras, biometric scanning, and smart technology integration for enhanced functionality and user convenience.


The gate provision is an important business/finance term because it plays a crucial role in protecting investors and fund managers in the investment industry, notably in hedge funds. This provision imposes certain restrictions and limitations on the percentage of fund assets that can be withdrawn during a specific period, which helps to maintain liquidity and reduce the impact of sudden, substantial redemptions on the fund’s performance. By ensuring a more controlled and manageable withdrawal process, gate provisions allow fund managers to better manage their investment strategies and capital allocation while providing investors with a well-regulated and secure investment environment, ultimately contributing to the stability and robustness of financial markets.


The gate provision serves a critical role in safeguarding investor interests, particularly in the unpredictable world of finance and business. Its primary purpose is to manage the outflow of capital from an investment fund, ensuring stability and adherence to the fund’s operational objectives. This is achieved by setting restrictions on the withdrawal of funds, either limiting the percentage of total assets that can be withdrawn in a specific period or restricting redemption requests overall. Consequently, fund managers can maintain a balanced and well-functioning portfolio that is not subject to sudden liquidation or disproportionate capital removal. Gate provisions are also used as a tool to provide a sense of fairness among investors, particularly in periods of heightened market volatility or external threats. They create an environment that is not biased towards those who have better information or connections, ensuring that all investors are subject to the same rules when it comes to the allocation and release of funds. Consequently, these provisions reduce the likelihood of panic-driven withdrawals that could potentially harm the fund’s performance and its investors. Ultimately, gate provisions help to bolster investor confidence in the fund management team and offer a level of protection in the unpredictable landscape of finance and business.


A “gate provision” is a risk management tool used by investment funds, specifically hedge funds, to control the flow of investor withdrawals during periods of extreme market stress or poor performance. It limits redemption requests under certain conditions and prevents a mass exodus of investors from the fund. Here are three real-world examples of gate provisions: 1. Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM): Long-Term Capital Management was a hedge fund in the late 1990s that famously imploded due to its highly leveraged investments. During the 1998 financial crisis, when LTCM’s investments began to falter, the hedge fund limited redemptions to prevent further losses. The gate provision helped manage the liquidation process so that it could be done in an orderly manner rather than a fire sale that could have led to even worse losses for the firm and its investors. 2. Third Point Offshore Fund: In 2008, during the height of the financial crisis, Third Point, a prominent hedge fund led by Daniel Loeb, imposed a gate provision to limit redemptions from its flagship fund. The fund was down nearly 32% at the time, and the gate provision was necessary to prevent mass withdrawals and protect the remaining investors. The decision to impose the gate provision ultimately proved successful, as the fund rebounded in subsequent years. 3. Woodford Equity Income Fund: In 2019, the Woodford Equity Income Fund was suspended due to illiquid investments that made it difficult to meet redemption requests from investors. This decision came after the fund manager, Neil Woodford, faced increasing pressure to sell off assets to meet redemptions. A gate provision was put in place to restrict investors from withdrawing their funds during this period. This allowed the fund manager time to restructure the portfolio and eventually wind down the fund in a more orderly way, minimizing losses and disruption to the market.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Gate Provision?
A gate provision is a clause commonly found in investment funds’ documents, such as hedge funds or private equity funds. It is designed to restrict or limit the amount of withdrawals investors can make from the fund within a specific time period, protecting the fund from a mass exodus of capital.
What is the purpose of a Gate Provision?
The primary purpose of a gate provision is to maintain liquidity and prevent the fund from being forced to sell its assets at unfavorable market conditions to meet excessive redemption requests. It ensures the fund managers have better control over the cash flow and protects the investment from sudden negative impacts on the fund’s performance.
How does a gate provision work?
A gate provision works by limiting the percentage of the total fund’s value or the percentage of individual investor’s assets that can be withdrawn in a specified period. For example, a fund may have a 10% gate provision, which means only 10% of the fund’s assets can be withdrawn by all the investors in total over a single redemption period.
Are there different types of gate provisions?
Yes, there are two main types: fund-level gates and investor-level gates. A fund-level gate restricts the total amount of withdrawals from the entire fund, while an investor-level gate restricts the percentage of each individual investor’s assets that can be withdrawn.
How does a fund-level gate aid liquidity management?
A fund-level gate provides security for the investment fund by preventing mass withdrawals that could result in a potential loss of value for all remaining investors. It allows fund managers to have better control over cash flow by ensuring that they have sufficient time to sell assets under optimal market conditions to meet redemption requests.
Do gate provisions impact all investors in a fund?
Yes, gate provisions apply to all investors within the fund, as it restricts the total redemption amounts both on a fund level and, in some cases, individually. This ensures that no single investor can significantly affect the fund’s liquidity or lead to a rapid decline in its value due to excessive withdrawal requests.
Can an investor get around gate provisions?
Generally, investors are bound by the terms of the fund’s agreement regarding gate provisions, but under certain circumstances, they might negotiate specific terms before investing, providing some flexibility with their redemption rights.

Related Finance Terms

  • Lockup Period
  • Redemption Restrictions
  • Withdrawal Notice Period
  • Investor Liquidity
  • Asset Management

Sources for More Information

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