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Gartley Pattern


The Gartley Pattern is a technical analysis chart pattern used in trading, named after its creator, H.M. Gartley. It’s characterized by a series of highs and lows depicting a “W” or “M” shape, forming a harmonic structure. Traders use the Gartley Pattern to identify potential reversal points in the market and support their decisions on buying or selling various financial instruments.


The phonetics of the keyword “Gartley Pattern” are:Gartley – /ˈgɑrtli/Pattern – /ˈpætərn/

Key Takeaways

  1. The Gartley Pattern is a harmonic trading pattern that combines Fibonacci retracement and extension levels to identify potential reversal points in the market.
  2. It consists of five points, labelled X-A-B-C-D, with each point representing a high or low in the price movement. The pattern can be bullish or bearish, with the bullish Gartley pattern indicating a potential reversal of a downtrend and the bearish Gartley pattern signalling a potential reversal of an uptrend.
  3. Traders use the Gartley pattern to find potential entry and exit points, as well as to set stop loss and take profit levels. The pattern is considered one of the more reliable harmonic patterns and can be used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools to create a comprehensive trading strategy.


The Gartley Pattern is an important business/finance term as it provides a valuable technical analysis tool for traders and investors to identify potential trend reversals and profitable trading opportunities. Developed by H.M. Gartley in the 1930s, this harmonic pattern is based on Fibonacci ratios, combining the use of retracements and projections. It allows traders to evaluate the overall market structure, spot high probability entry and exit points, and manage risk more effectively. By accurately identifying these patterns, market participants can make more informed decisions, improve their overall trading performance, and capitalize on potential market movements.


The Gartley Pattern serves as a valuable tool in the field of technical analysis, aiding investors and traders in making informed decisions based on historical price movements and potential future trends. First introduced by H.M. Gartley in 1935, this pattern helps identify possible entry and exit points in a market by outlining specific Fibonacci-based retracement levels. By carefully observing and interpreting the Gartley Pattern, market participants can gain insights into potential reversals and anticipate price movements, providing them with an opportunity to execute opportunistic trades and maximize their profits. Furthermore, the Gartley Pattern assists in identifying four distinct market moves or “legs,” each of which represents different stages within the harmonic pattern. These sequential price movements offer a roadmap that enables investors and traders to monitor the risk-to-reward ratio while managing their portfolio. By focusing on these critical inflection points, the market participants can precisely time their investments and foster a more disciplined approach to trading. Ultimately, the Gartley Pattern proves instrumental in minimizing losses and increasing profitability, highlighting its utility as both a predictive and risk management tool in the competitive landscape of finance and business.


The Gartley Pattern is a technical analysis tool used by traders to identify potential reversal points in the market. It is a harmonic pattern that involves a series of Fibonacci retracement and extension levels. Here are three real-world examples of the Gartley Pattern in business/finance: 1. Forex Trading: A currency trader identifies a Gartley Pattern on the EUR/USD currency pair’s price chart. The pattern suggests that the ongoing downtrend will reverse soon, and the trader decides to go long (buy) on the euro against the US dollar. Following the completion of the pattern, the EUR/USD pair experiences a notable price rally, validating the trader’s decision. 2. Stock Trading: A trader notices a Gartley Pattern on the daily chart of a technology company’s stock. This pattern potentially signals an upcoming bullish trend reversal. As a result, they purchase shares of the company and set a stop-loss order to minimize potential losses if the pattern ends up being invalid. The stock price experiences an upward movement, showcasing the reliability of the Gartley Pattern as a technical analysis tool. 3. Cryptocurrency Trading: An investor spots a Gartley Pattern on the price chart of Bitcoin against the US Dollar, indicating a potential uptrend reversal. Recognizing this pattern, the investor decides to increase their position in Bitcoin, hoping to capitalize on the predicted price rise. Following the completion of the pattern, the value of Bitcoin surges, proving the Gartley Pattern’s effectiveness in predicting trend reversals in the cryptocurrency market.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Gartley Pattern?
The Gartley Pattern, named after H.M. Gartley, is a technical analysis tool used by traders to identify potential reversals in financial markets. It is a harmonic pattern that relies on Fibonacci ratios to predict market movements, based on a specific set of price swings.
How does the Gartley Pattern work?
The Gartley Pattern consists of five points, labeled X, A, B, C, and D. It is formed by the following price movements:1. X to
What are the Fibonacci ratios used in the Gartley Pattern?
The main Fibonacci ratios used in the Gartley Pattern are:1. AB retracement should be 61.8% of XA. BC projection should be 38.2% or 88.6% of AB3. CD retracement should be 78.6% of XA
How can traders use the Gartley Pattern to make trading decisions?
Traders can use the Gartley Pattern to identify potential entry and exit points in the market. Once the pattern is formed, traders can anticipate a reversal at point D and enter long or short positions accordingly. Stop-loss orders can be placed below or above point X, depending on the direction of the trade. Profit targets can be set using Fibonacci extensions or other technical indicators, such as support and resistance levels.
Are there any variations of the Gartley Pattern?
Yes, there are several variations of the Gartley Pattern, including the Bat Pattern, the Butterfly Pattern, and the Crab Pattern. Each of these harmonic patterns shares similarities with the Gartley Pattern but has its own set of Fibonacci ratios and rules.
Is the Gartley Pattern always accurate in predicting reversals?
No, the Gartley Pattern, like any other technical analysis tool, is not always accurate in predicting reversals. It is essential for traders to combine the Gartley Pattern with other technical indicators and market analysis to validate and confirm potential trading opportunities.

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