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Fund of Funds (FOF)


A Fund of Funds (FOF) is an investment strategy in which the funds are used to invest in a collection of different investment funds rather than direct investments in securities, bonds, or other assets. It’s intended to achieve broad diversification and appropriate asset allocation with investments in various fund categories all made through the single FOF. This allows investors to access a wider range of funds which otherwise might not be accessible individually.


The phonetics of “Fund of Funds (FOF)” can be represented as: /ˈfʌnd əv ˈfʌndz (eff oh eff)/

Key Takeaways

  1. Diversification: A Fund of Funds (FOF) is an investment strategy of holding a portfolio of other investment funds rather than investing directly in stocks, bonds, or other securities. This strategy aims to achieve broad diversification and appropriate asset allocation with investments in a variety of fund categories all wrapped into one portfolio.
  2. Professional Management: By investing in FOFs, investors have exposure to professional fund managers who possess expertise in various asset classes. They rely on this experienced management to make decisions about allocating assets, adjusting portfolio risk, and selecting underlying funds—making it a convenient choice for investors who prefer a hands-off approach.
  3. Higher Fees: Be aware, however, that the comprehensive service offered by FOFs comes at a cost. Because the strategy involves investment in multiple funds, each potentially with their own set of management fees, the overall fee structure for FOFs can be significantly higher than that of individual funds. Investors therefore need to weigh potential benefits against these higher costs.


A Fund of Funds (FOF) is important in the world of business and finance as it provides a strategy for diversification and risk management. It’s an investment strategy of holding a portfolio of other mutual funds instead of investing directly in stocks, bonds, or other securities. This type of fund provides small investors access to a broader range of sophisticated diversified funds with a lower level of investment, which would be challenging to create on their own. FOFs also allow the ability to spread risks over different investment styles and strategies. It essentially balances the risk-return tradeoff and can potentially offer stable returns. Therefore, in the financial sector, it plays a significant role for institutional and individual investors.


A Fund of Funds (FoF) is an investment strategy that involves purchasing a portfolio of different investment funds, rather than investing directly in stocks, bonds, or other types of securities. The primary purpose of a Fund of Funds is to achieve broad diversification, as well as access to a wider array of fund managers, than what might be achievable for investors with lower amounts of capital or less investment knowledge. This approach can provide exposure to a multitude of assets and market sectors, therefore spreading and mitigating risk. By investing in multiple funds, the investor can achieve diversification in multiple asset classes without having to research, select, and manage each fund individually.FoFs are also used for accessing difficult-to-reach strategies, markets or hedge funds, or for smaller investors or institutions that wish to invest with managers with high minimum investment levels. Therefore, FoFs not only provides diversification but also easier access to top-performing asset managers, along with professional investment management and administration. The investor is generally spared from some of the administrative hassles and can potentially benefit from the performance of high-quality investment funds or managers that otherwise might be out of reach due to high initial investment requirements or capacity issues.


1. Blackstone Alternative Multi-Strategy Fund: This is an example of a fund of funds, specifically in the hedge fund category. Owned by the Blackstone Group, a major investment firm, this fund of funds allocates investments across multiple hedge fund strategies, providing broad exposure to hedge fund investing.2. Vanguard STAR Fund: The Vanguard STAR fund is a mutual fund example of a fund of funds. It invests in a diversified portfolio of other Vanguard mutual funds, making it an attractive option for investors seeking a broadly diversified, low-cost investment in one package.3. GOTEXAN Wine Fund of Funds: This is a more specialized example of a fund of funds, specifically within the world of private equity. This fund takes investment capital and then allocates it to multiple different private equity funds that specialize in Texas-based wine industries. Each of these specific funds focuses on different aspects of this industry, such as vineyard development, winery operations, or marketing initiatives.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Fund of Funds (FOF)?

A Fund of Funds (FOF) is a type of investment strategy in which a fund invests in a variety of other types of funds rather than investing directly in stocks, bonds, or other securities. This method is used to achieve diversification and asset allocation.

How does a Fund of Funds operate?

A FOF operates by investing in a portfolio composed of different funds from various fund managers. These underlying funds offer diverse investment strategies like equities, bonds, and alternative investments such as hedge funds.

What are the benefits of investing in a Fund of Funds?

The main benefits of investing in a FOF include broad diversification, access to high-quality funds and managers, lower investment minimums, and professional investment research and management.

What are the potential disadvantages of a Fund of Funds?

Some potential disadvantages include higher fees due to double-layered fee structure, possible overlapping of securities if underlying funds hold similar stocks, and potentially lower returns due to diversification.

How does a Fund of Funds differ from a traditional fund?

A traditional fund directly invests in securities like stocks or bonds while a FOF invests in other funds. The objective of FOF is diversification to minimize risks and potentially enhance returns.

How are Fund of Funds regulated?

In many countries, FOFs are regulated under the same laws as mutual funds. In the United States, for example, they are overseen by the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission).

Is a Fund of Funds right for every investor?

Though FOFs offer diversification and professional management, they may not be suitable for every investor. Factors like risk tolerance, financial goals, and investment horizon need to be considered before investing.

How can an investor buy into a Fund of Funds?

Investors can buy into a FOF through financial advisers, direct purchase via online brokerage platforms, or sometimes directly from the fund company itself.

What types of Fund of Funds exist?

There are several types of FOFs, including mutual fund FOFs, hedge fund FOFs, and private equity FOFs, each offering different levels of risk and return.

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