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Form 706


Form 706 is a document filed to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States by an executor or legal representative on behalf of a deceased person. It reports the value of a decedent’s gross estate, which includes the fair market value of all their property, rights to certain property, and deductibles. This information is used to assess any federal estate tax owed.


The phonetics of the keyword “Form 706” is “F-aw-rm S-ih-k-s O-u-h Z-ee-r-ow”.

Key Takeaways

<html> <body> <ol> <li>Form 706 is an official document issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. It is used to calculate and report the federal estate tax due for a deceased individual’s estate, and it also determines the generation-skipping transfer (GST) tax liability.</li> <li>Form 706 must be filed by the executor or administrator of an estate if the fair market value of the estate, at the time of the decedent’s death, exceeds the annually exempted amount.</li> <li>Generally, Form 706 must be filed within nine months after the death of the individual. Extensions may be granted, but they must be requested before the due date of the return. Often, an experienced tax professional is needed to accurately calculate and file the form due to its complexity.</li> </ol> </body></html>


Form 706 is crucial in the realm of business and finance as it is primarily used for reporting estate tax in the United States. Upon the death of a decedent, the executor or administrator of the estate must utilize this form to disclose the value of the estate and to determine how much, if any, tax is due. Form 706 allows the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to ensure the estate’s fair market value on the date of the decedent’s death and any applicable deductions are accurately reported. This includes detailed information about the decedent’s assets and liabilities. Therefore, Form 706 plays a critical role in the process of estate settlement and serves as a vital tool for the IRS for tax collection.


Form 706, officially titled the United States Estate (and Generation-Skipping Transfer) Tax Return, is a document that is utilized for federal estate tax purposes. The primary purpose of this form is to calculate and resolve the estate tax due on the transfer of a deceased person’s taxable estate. In essence, Form 706 is used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to collect information about the deceased’s estate, including the aggregation of the fair market value of all the estate’s assets, any deductions, credits, and the calculation of the estate’s overall tax liability.Form 706 plays a significant role in managing the financial affairs of individuals who have recently passed away. By utilizing this document, estates can better understand their tax liability, ensure that all relevant taxes are accurately paid, and reduce the risk of legal complications. Moreover, by requiring gross estate valuation, Form 706 helps in the fair administration of the estate tax system as it ensures that all property, irrespective of its nature or origin, contributes to the total gross estate and hence, can be taxed appropriately. Therefore, the accurate completion of Form 706 is critical in ensuring compliance with federal tax laws and the smooth transition of an estate’s assets.


Form 706 is a United States Internal Revenue Service tax form used by an executor of a decedent’s estate to calculate the federal estate tax owed by the estate. Here are three real-world examples:1. Mr. A, a successful businessman, passed away in the year 2020 leaving behind an estate consisting of stocks, bonds, property, and cash exceeding the exempt limit. The executor of Mr. A’s estate was required to file Form 706, determining the exact amount of estate tax owed based on the overall value of the assets.2. Mrs. B passed away in 2021, and according to her will, she left all of her assets to her spouse. Although the marital deduction means her estate wouldn’t immediately owe estate taxes on these assets, the executor might still choose to file Form 706 to transfer the deceased spouse’s unused exclusion (DSUE) amount to the surviving spouse. This DSUE, often referred to as “portability,” can be valuable if the surviving spouse’s estate increases in the future.3. Mr. and Mrs. C, wealthy art collectors, owned several priceless paintings. When Mr. C passed away in 2019, his half of the estate was above the exclusion limit. Even though the rest of his assets were left to his spouse, Mrs. C, the art collection was donated to a museum. The IRS considers these artworks as part of Mr. C’s taxable estate, so an estate tax return (Form 706) was filed.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Form 706?

Form 706 is a tax document filed by an executor or a personal representative of an estate to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States.

When is Form 706 used?

Form 706 is used to calculate and pay, if necessary, the federal estate tax, which applies to the transfer of property and assets after a person’s death.

Who is required to file Form 706?

Typically, an executor of an estate or the personal representative is required to file Form 706 if the fair market value of the estate is more than the exempt limit defined by the IRS in that taxation year.

How is the exempt limit for filing Form 706 determined?

The IRS determines the exempt limit each year. If the total value of the estate exceeds this limit, Form 706 must be filed.

What is the deadline for filing Form 706?

Form 706 must be filed within nine months after the date of the decedent’s death. However, a 6-month extension can be granted if requested prior to the due date.

Where can I find Form 706?

Form 706 can be found and downloaded from the official IRS website.

Is it necessary to file Form 706 if no tax is due?

Yes, even if no tax is due, Form 706 should still be filed if the estate’s value exceeds the year’s exemption.

Can Form 706 be filed electronically?

As of now, the IRS does not accept e-filing for Form 706. It must be mailed to the IRS.

What happens if Form 706 is not filed on time?

If Form 706 is not filed by the deadline or no extension was sought, penalties and interest could be applied to any tax owed.

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