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Form 5405


Form 5405 is a tax form used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. This form is specifically for First-Time Homebuyer Credit and Repayment of the Credit. It helps individuals claim a tax credit or make repayments related to buying a new home for the first time.


The phonetics of the keyword “Form 5405” is pronounced as “Form Five Four Zero Five”.

Key Takeaways

<ol><li>Form 5405 is a tax form used by homeowners in the United States to calculate and claim their First-Time Homebuyer Credit or Repayment of the credit. The form is specific to homeowners who bought their first home or constructed one after April 8, 2008, and before May 1, 2010.</li><li>The form applies to two main situations. Firstly, individuals who purchased a home that serves as their main residence. Secondly, individuals who stopped using the home they bought as their main residence. The First-Time Homebuyer Credit would need to be paid back in the latter situation unless the property is sold to a third party.</li><li>Failure to attach or wrongly filling Form 5405 may result in delay or incorrect processing of the tax return, as it is used to determine the correct amount of credit (if eligible). Therefore, it’s crucial to accurately complete and attach Form 5405 when required.</li></ol>


Form 5405 is a crucial document for U.S. taxpayers because it’s used to claim the First-Time Homebuyer Credit, a beneficial tax break that was implemented to stimulate the economy by encouraging homeownership. This credit was initially introduced due to the downturn in the housing market in the late 2000s. Eligible taxpayers could potentially save up to $8000 with this benefit. Moreover, the form also pertains to taxpayers who had to repay the credit because the home was no longer their main residence. Therefore, Form 5405 carries significant importance in tax planning and compliance regarding homeownership incentives.


The primary purpose of Form 5405, also known as the First-Time Homebuyer Credit and Repayment of the Credit form, is to allow homeowners to request the First-Time Homebuyer Credit for qualified homes purchased. Developed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States, this form is essentially aimed at delivering tax advantages to first-time homebuyers, thus promoting homeownership. It was initially introduced as part of the housing stimulus package during the 2008 financial crisis, and it provided a tax credit, in the form of a refundable credit, to first-time homebuyers.Further, Form 5405 is also crucial for keeping track of the repayment of this credit if the home for which the credit was claimed is not the buyers’ primary residence for at least 36 months after the purchase date. If the homeowner who availed the First-Time Homebuyer Credit sells the house or it ceases to be their primary residence within the first 36 months of ownership, they might be required to repay the credit, making Form 5405 a significant tool for notifying the IRS of such changes. Hence, Form 5405 plays a dual role in both enabling first-time homeowners to seek a tax credit and ensuring its effective repayment when necessary.


Form 5405, also known as the First-Time Homebuyer Credit and Repayment of the Credit form, is a tax form provided by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the U.S. It is used by homeowners to ask for a tax credit for a first-time home purchase or to pay back a credit, if their home no longer meets the requirements.Example 1: First-Time Home PurchaseJohn and Sarah Smith are a married couple who purchased their first home in 2008. The house was valued at $200,000, and they qualify for a $7,500 first-time homebuyer credit. They would use Form 5405 to claim this tax credit on their federal income tax return.Example 2: Credit RepaymentImagine another couple, Bob and Linda Johnson, who also took advantage of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit in 2008. However, in 2019, they sold the home. Because they sold within 15 years of the purchase (and before the credit was fully repaid), they would need to use Form 5405 to calculate and report the repayment of the credit on their tax return for the year they sold the house.Example 3: Disposition or Change of the Home’s Use Rachel, a single woman, bought her home in 2010 and claimed a $8,000 tax credit. Unfortunately, she faced an unforeseen circumstance and had to convert her home into rental property in 2021. According to IRS rules, Rachel is required to repay the credit, since the house is no longer used as her main residence. Therefore, she would file the Form 5405 to inform the IRS and calculate the amount needed to pay back.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Form 5405?

Form 5405 is a tax form produced by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. It is used to claim the first-time homebuyer credit or to repay the credit if your home ceases to qualify as your main home.

Who qualifies for the first-time homebuyer credit?

Individuals buying their first home or a spouse if either has not owned a home during the three years leading up to the purchase date may qualify for the first-time homebuyer credit.

How is Form 5405 used to repay the first-time homebuyer credit?

If your home ceases to be your primary residence within 36 months of purchase and you claimed the first-time homebuyer credit, you may be required to repay the credit. This would be accomplished by filling out Form 5405 and attaching it to your tax return.

Do I need to fill out and submit Form 5405 if I don’t owe anything?

In most cases, no. However, there are some instances where you might still need to complete Form 5405 even if you don’t have any payback obligation – for example, if you sold the home to a related party.

Is the first-time homebuyer credit still available?

No, this program ended in 2010. The documentation and repayment process related to the first-time homebuyer credit program is still ongoing for those taxpayers who claimed the credit in past years.

Where can I find more information about Form 5405?

You can find more information about Form 5405, including detailed instructions for filling out the form, on the official IRS website.

Can I complete and submit Form 5405 online?

While the IRS does allow for a range of forms to be completed and submitted electronically, as of the moment, Form 5405 must be mailed along with your paper tax return. However, this can change, so it’s best to confirm current procedures by visiting the IRS website.

Related Finance Terms

  • First-Time Homebuyer Credit
  • Repayment of the Credit
  • Housing and Economic Recovery Act
  • IRS (Internal Revenue Service)
  • Main Home

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