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Form 2439


Form 2439 is a tax form issued by the U.S Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for shareholders who have undistributed long-term capital gains in mutual funds. This form includes information on distributions received from a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) or regulated investment company (RIC), specifically when these entities retain their income instead of distributing it. The form allows these investors to take a credit or refund for their share of tax paid by the trust or company on the undistributed income.


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Key Takeaways

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  1. Form 2439 is a tax form issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and is used to report undistributed long-term capital gains.
  2. The form is typically given to shareholders by mutual funds or Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) to report undistributed income.
  3. Form 2439 also contains information about any federal income tax that may have been withheld. This is beneficial for recipients as they can claim a credit for their share of the tax paid.

“` Please note that it’s always a good idea to check with a tax professional with specific questions, as individual circumstances can vary.


Form 2439 is a critical document in the realm of business and finance because it provides essential information about undistributed long-term capital gains to shareholders of a particular corporation, managed investment scheme, or mutual fund. It is issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and states undistributed net capital gains which the fund has retained and the share the investor is liable to pay tax on. The form also reports the amount of income tax paid by the Regulated Investment Company (RIC) or Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) on behalf of the shareholder. This allows the shareholders to claim a tax credit. Hence, Form 2439 plays a significant role in helping individuals determine their tax liabilities accurately.


The purpose of Form 2439 is to provide necessary tax information to mutual fund shareholders. When a mutual fund earns income on its investments, it often generates undistributed capital gains. Form 2439 serves as the mechanism by which the mutual fund communicates the amount of these undistributed gains to its shareholders. This form also provides information regarding federal income tax that has already been paid on behalf of the shareholder’s portion of these capital gains by the fund. Why does this matter for individual investors? When a shareholder receives Form 2439, they must report the undistributed capital gains and the tax paid on their behalf as part of their personal income tax filing. The capital gains detailed in Form 2439 are treated as long-term capital gains, regardless of how long the shareholder has owned their shares in the fund. This form ensures that shareholders are aware of and can accurately report these elements of their investments for tax purposes.


Form 2439 is a tax document provided by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. It’s used by mutual funds to report undistributed long-term capital gains to their shareholders and the federal income tax paid on these gains. Here are three real-world examples using this form:1. Example 1 – Individual Investor: John Doe is a private investor who owns regular shares in ABC Mutual Fund. At the end of the year, ABC Mutual Fund realized the portfolio has undistributed long-term capital gains. The fund then sent Form 2439 to John, reporting these gains and tax paid on them. John can now use this information to offset his income taxes.2. Example 2 – Retirement Account: Sarah has a retirement account, where she holds mutual funds. These funds also have undistributed long-term capital gains. While the fund will generate Form 2439 to report those gains and the tax paid on them, because Sarah’s investments are in a tax-advantaged retirement account, she does not owe taxes on these gains until she makes a withdrawal.3. Example 3 – Fund Manager: XYZ Mutual Fund is a large fund with thousands of shareholders spread across the United States. At the end of the year, the company realizes they have undistributed long-term capital gains. The company then fills out Form 2439 for each individual shareholder, reporting the undistributed gains and the amount of income tax paid on them. The shareholders use this information while preparing their individual tax returns.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Form 2439?

Form 2439 is a tax form that is distributed by mutual fund companies to inform shareholders of undistributed long-term capital gains.

Who uses Form 2439?

The form is used by mutual fund shareholders to report undistributed capital gains.

What information is found on Form 2439?

It includes details of each mutual fund shareholder’s proportionate share of the undistributed amount.

When do I need to file Form 2439?

This form should be filed along with your annual tax return if you have received one from a mutual fund company.

Is Form 2439 necessary even if I did not make any sales of my mutual fund shares?

Yes. Form 2439 is required if the mutual fund company has made capital gains distributions, regardless of whether you sold any shares.

How does Form 2439 impact my taxes?

The amounts on Form 2439 are generally taxable and will need to be reported on your tax return.

What part of Form 2439 represents the capital gain distribution?

Box 1a represents the total capital gain distribution.

Where do I report the information found in Form 2439 on my tax return?

You generally report the undistributed capital gains reported on Form 2439 on Schedule D (Form 1040).

Who sends Form 2439 to the IRS?

The mutual fund or Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) will send you and the IRS copy B of the Form by the end of January of the following year.

What if I do not receive Form 2439 from the mutual fund company but I made a capital gain distribution?

If you have not received this form by February of the following year, but you have had a capital gain distribution, you should contact your mutual fund company, as they are responsible for sending this form.

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