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Form 1099-B


Form 1099-B is a document issued by a broker or barter exchange that summarizes the earnings of an individual from sales, transactions, and bartering. It is used by the IRS to track the investor’s cost basis for tax calculations. The form details the sale price of securities, cost basis, acquisition date, and whether the gain/loss was long-term or short-term.


The phonetics of the keyword “Form 1099-B” is: /fɔːrm wʌn ‘əʊ ‘naɪn ‘naɪn ‘biː/

Key Takeaways

1. 1099-B Purpose: Form 1099-B is issued by brokers or barter exchanges to their customers and IRS. It is used to report income from the sale of a number of different types of securities and commodities.

2. Reporting Requirements: The broker or barter exchange must report basis, gain/loss, and whether gains or losses are long-term or short-term for covered securities, meaning the broker or barter exchange is required to keep track of the basis, holding period and gain/loss.

3. Tax Implications: Investors will need the 1099-B form to complete their income taxes. The document provides the information about stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other investments that were sold over the year. The net result of these transactions is used in calculating capital gains tax and this then feeds into the total tax calculation for the year.


Form 1099-B is vitally important in the realm of business and finance as it plays a critical role in taxation. Issued by brokers and barter exchanges, this form reports the income you receive from the sale of stocks, bonds, and other commodities, or from barter exchange. The significance of Form 1099-B lies in its utility for maintaining accuracy while filing tax returns. The income reported on this form must be included on your tax return; any discrepancies can lead to issues with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This form also specifies the cost basis of the sold assets that helps the taxpayers determine their net capital gain or loss, which impacts the tax amount owed. Hence, Form 1099-B is crucial in ensuring compliance with tax obligations and avoiding potential penalties or audits.


The primary purpose of Form 1099-B is to report the sale of securities, such as stocks, bonds, and commodities, to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This is significant for tax payers as the sale of these securities can potentially translate into capital gains or losses, which could subsequently influence an individual’s tax obligations. A taxpayer will receive a Form 1099-B from their broker or barter exchange summarizing the income from sales of all such transactions in the previous fiscal year.The information on Form 1099-B aids in the accurate reporting and calculation of capital gains or losses. This form allows individuals to not only track the total net gain or loss from the selling of securities during the year, but also helps in calculating the overall taxable income. Additionally, it helps prevent tax evasion by ensuring all sales, even those resulting in losses, are accounted for correctly. Ultimately, Form 1099-B serves as a critical document in maintaining fiscal transparency and accountability between individual investors, their brokers, and the IRS.


1. Stock Trade: A stock trader frequently buys and sells stocks. At the end of the tax year, they will receive a Form 1099-B from their brokerage firm detailing each transaction – information on the shares bought or sold, the trade date, and the gain or loss incurred. This information is used for tax reporting, determining the net capital gain or loss for the stocks during the tax year.2. Real Estate Transaction: If you are a real estate investor and sell a property, the title or escrow company involved in the transaction will issue a Form 1099-B. This form indicates the sales price of the property, which is reported to the IRS for tax purposes. The investor has to report this income and calculate capital gains or losses on their tax return.3. Mutual Funds Sale: An individual who sells units of a mutual fund during the tax year will receive a Form 1099-B from the fund company. The form shows the date of sale, the sale proceeds, and the cost basis. This has to be reported when filing taxes to calculate any capital gains or losses.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Form 1099-B?

Form 1099-B is a tax form issued by brokers or barter exchanges that summarizes the proceeds of all stock transactions. It covers the sales of all types of securities, including stocks, bonds, and commodities.

Who needs to file Form 1099-B?

A Form 1099-B must be filed by the broker or barter exchange that transacted the sale, for each person for whom they have sold stocks, bonds, futures, commodities, or other investment items.

Can individuals file Form 1099-B?

No, only brokers and exchanges typically file Form 1099-B. The broker or barter exchange that transacted the sale must send the actual owner of the securities a copy of the 1099-B form.

When should I expect to receive Form 1099-B?

Form 1099-B is typically sent to recipients by February 15th of the year following the tax year.

What are the implications of Form 1099-B on my tax returns?

The sales of securities detailed in the form will have tax implications as gains or losses must be reported on your tax return for the following year. The information on the form helps to calculate the taxable gain or loss incurred in the transactions.

What to do if there’s an error on the 1099-B form I received?

If you notice an error, contact your broker or exchange who issued the form. They will issue a corrected Form 1099-B.

What information does the Form 1099-B contain?

The form includes the name of the broker or barter exchange, their contact information, description of the property sold, the acquisition date and cost, the amount of gain or loss, market value and any federal income tax withheld.

What happens if I forget to report information from Form 1099-B on my tax return?

Failure to report this information could result in a discrepancy on your return and subsequently a notice from the IRS. It could further lead to penalties or requirement to pay additional taxes. Always consult with a tax professional if you’re unsure.

Is Form 1099-B applicable to non-US citizens?

Non-resident aliens, foreign corporations, or foreign partnerships generally are not issued a Form 1099-B.

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