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Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)


The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is an independent, nonprofit organization responsible for establishing and maintaining financial accounting and reporting standards in the United States. Its primary goal is to enhance the transparency, consistency, and usefulness of financial statements prepared by businesses and other organizations. FASB achieves this by setting rules, called the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), which public companies must adhere to when preparing their financial statements.


The phonetics of the keyword “Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)” are as follows: Financial – /fəˈnaɪnʃəl/Accounting – /əˈkaʊntɪŋ/Standards – /ˈstændərdz/Board – /bɔːrd/FASB – /ˈfæzb/

Key Takeaways

  1. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is an independent, private-sector organization responsible for establishing, interpreting, and amending accounting standards in the United States. It ensures that financial reports are transparent, reliable, and comparable among different companies and industries.
  2. FASB operates under the authority of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and follows the due process, which includes public exposure and input from stakeholders such as investors, lenders, preparers, auditors, regulators, and educators. This process ensures that accounting standards receive thorough consideration and take into account the needs of all parties involved in financial reporting.
  3. FASB is responsible for developing the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), which is the framework followed by most U.S. companies to prepare their financial statements. This ensures a high level of consistency and comparability of financial information, facilitating decision-making by investors, creditors, and other users of financial statements.


The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) plays a vital role in the business and finance world as it establishes and improves financial accounting and reporting standards that ensure transparency, consistency, and comparability across various organizations. As the primary rule-setting body in the United States, FASB’s guidelines impact businesses, investors, and other stakeholders by promoting informed decision-making and fostering trust in the financial reporting process. The standards issued by FASB have a significant influence on financial statements and business practices. Therefore, FASB’s importance lies in its ability to maintain a robust and reliable financial reporting environment that contributes to the stability and growth of the economy as a whole.


The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) plays a crucial role in the development and enforcement of accounting rules, practices, and guidelines in the United States. Its primary purpose is to maintain and improve the transparency, reliability, and consistency of financial information that businesses and organizations present to shareholders, stakeholders, and the public. By ensuring standardized accounting procedures and policies, FASB helps promote trust in the financial markets and enables users of financial statements to make well-informed decisions in their investments, lending, and resource allocation activities. FASB is responsible for establishing and updating the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), which serve as the framework for financial reporting in the US. Through a rigorous and deliberative process, FASB collaborates with stakeholders, such as investors, business leaders, government regulators, and accounting professionals, to identify areas that require clarification or improvement within the accounting field. It then drafts and issues accounting standards updates to refine the GAAP, thus addressing any emerging or problematic areas in financial reporting. In summary, the FASB’s key function is to safeguard the integrity of the financial information by creating and refining the accounting framework that companies and organizations follow, thus fostering confidence in the financial markets and contributing to their overall stability and growth.


1. Lease Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02: In February 2016, FASB issued a significant update to their lease accounting standards, which impacted virtually all companies that lease assets such as real estate, vehicles, and equipment. The update requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets, adding a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability, giving investors and other stakeholders a clearer view of a company’s leasing commitments. Companies like airlines, retailers, and telecommunication firms were significantly affected, as they often have significant lease obligations. 2. Revenue Recognition Standard (ASU 2014-09): In May 2014, FASB issued an update to the revenue recognition standard, which aimed to streamline and enhance the existing revenue recognition guidance. The new standard establishes a five-step process that organizations need to follow to recognize revenue. The update affected businesses across various industries, particularly those with long-term contracts or complex revenue recognition scenarios, such as software companies, telecom firms, and engineering and construction companies. 3. New Credit Loss Standard (ASU 2016-13): In June 2016, FASB issued an update to the credit loss standard, which introduced the Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) impairment model. The new model changes the way companies report their credit losses on financial instruments like loans, debt securities, and trade receivables. Banks and financial institutions were heavily impacted by this update, as it replaced the previously used “incurred loss” approach with a more forward-looking, expected loss model. The goal was to provide transparency and better insight into an organization’s expected credit losses for investors and stakeholders.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)?
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is an independent, non-profit organization responsible for establishing and improving financial accounting and reporting standards in the United States. It aims to provide transparency, comparability, and useful financial information to investors, creditors, and other stakeholders.
When was FASB established?
FASB was established in 1973 as a result of the recommendations made by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) under the Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF).
What are the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)?
The Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) are a set of accounting principles, guidelines, and procedures that businesses must follow when preparing their financial statements. FASB plays a crucial role in developing and maintaining the GAAP in the United States.
How does FASB create accounting standards?
FASB follows a systematic, transparent, and deliberative process in developing accounting standards. This process includes a series of stages like initial research, public comment, re-evaluation, and final standards approval. It also involves consultations with various stakeholders, meetings, and opportunities for public input to ensure that all perspectives are considered before issuing a standard.
Who are the members of FASB, and how are they appointed?
FASB consists of seven full-time members appointed by the Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF) Board of Trustees. They serve for a term of five years, which is renewable once. Members of FASB come from diverse backgrounds, including public accounting, financial statement preparers, academia, and financial statement users.
How are FASB accounting standards enforced?
While FASB is responsible for creating the accounting standards, its enforcement is primarily carried out by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for publicly traded companies. The SEC relies on GAAP compliance when reviewing and approving financial statements, while auditors assess whether these statements adhere to FASB’s guidelines.
How does FASB stay current with global accounting standards?
FASB is committed to ensuring that U.S. GAAP and international accounting standards converge and remain compatible to facilitate global business transactions. The board works closely with the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), the organization responsible for the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) to collaborate on initiatives and maintain compatibility between the two sets of standards.
Can FASB standards change over time?
Yes, FASB continuously updates, reviews, and improves accounting standards in response to changing business practices, new technologies, feedback from stakeholders, and input from regulatory bodies. This ensures that the financial accounting standards remain relevant and effective in providing transparent and comparable financial information.

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