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Feeder Fund


A feeder fund is a type of investment fund that primarily invests its capital into a larger, master fund with a similar investment strategy. This structure enables smaller investors to pool their money together, allowing them to access more significant and sophisticated investment opportunities. The master fund then manages the capital invested by multiple feeder funds, concentrating the management in a centralized manner.


The phonetics of the keyword “Feeder Fund” is: /ˈfiːdər fʌnd/

Key Takeaways

  1. Feeder Fund is an investment strategy where a smaller investment pool is combined with a bigger pool to increase the investors’ opportunities for diversification and access to a broader range of investment options.
  2. Feeder Fund can either be an offshore or an onshore fund depending on the geographical location and structure of the investors. It provides flexibility in tax and regulatory compliance.
  3. While feeder funds may offer benefits like increased diversification and access to professional management, they can also come with higher fees and dependency on the master fund’s performance, which may present additional risks to investors.


The term “feeder fund” is important in the business/finance world because it offers investors a convenient means of diversification and access to alternative investments, typically through a master-feeder fund structure. Feeder funds pool investments from multiple clients and direct the assets into a larger master fund, which has an established track record and experienced management team. By doing so, investors gain exposure to professionally managed portfolios, potentially yielding higher returns and spreading risk across a broader range of investment opportunities. This structure enables investors who may not meet the minimum investment requirements on their own to participate in these funds, ultimately expanding their investment avenues and potentially improving their overall portfolio performance.


A feeder fund serves as an investment vehicle that simplifies the process for investors to access a broader range of investment opportunities and strategies. These funds are designed to pool investors’ capital, allocating the combined resources to invest in a master fund. The primary purpose of a feeder fund is to offer investors exposure to a more comprehensive and diverse array of assets and specialized investment capabilities. By investing in a feeder fund, rather than directly in the assets or strategies themselves, investors gain access to the expertise, economies of scale, and potential risk mitigation that come with shared investment management.

Feeder funds are particularly valuable for investors who would otherwise find it challenging to access certain markets or investment opportunities due to limitations like capital restrictions, lack of knowledge, or intricate entry requirements. By utilizing a feeder fund structure, i.e., pooling resources of multiple investors, the fund managers are able to overcome these barriers and provide a more efficient and cost-effective means of achieving investment objectives. Additionally, feeder funds may offer diversification benefits for investors by spreading their investment across multiple assets within the master fund. This structure allows investors to capitalize on the growth of various markets and minimize potential risks that may arise from concentrating their investments in a single asset or strategy.


1. Madoff Investment Scandal: One of the most infamous examples of a feeder fund in the business world is connected to the Bernie Madoff investment scandal. Madoff operated a massive Ponzi scheme, with numerous feeder funds that channeled investments from various sources into his primary investment fund, Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC. The feeder funds, such as Fairfield Greenwich Group and Tremont Group, collected investments from clients and unknowingly forwarded them to Madoff’s fraudulent scheme. As a result, investors lost billions of dollars.

2. Bayou Hedge Fund Group: The Bayou Hedge Fund was a Connecticut-based hedge fund that collapsed in 2005 due to an extensive fraud operated by its founder, Samuel Israel III. He created several feeder funds to attract investments for his hedge funds. These feeder funds collected money from various investors and directed it towards the Bayou Hedge Fund. Eventually, the entire scheme was discovered to be a fraud, causing investor losses amounting to approximately $450 million.

3. Platinum Partners: Platinum Partners was a New York-based hedge fund that collected investments through several feeder funds. These funds pooled money from investors and directed it to the main fund operated by Platinum Partners. In 2016, the fund’s top executives were arrested on charges of fraud and operating a Ponzi-like scheme. The feeder funds played a critical role in facilitating the fraud by attracting investments from clients and channeling them towards the main fund.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a feeder fund?

A feeder fund is an investment fund that pools together investors’ capital and directs it into a larger investment vehicle called a master fund. This structure allows smaller investors to gain access to larger investment opportunities with professional management.

How does a feeder fund operate?

A feeder fund operates by collecting investments from multiple investors, and then funneling those investments into a master fund. The master fund is responsible for managing the investment strategy and making investment decisions, while the feeder fund’s role is to provide capital.

What are the benefits of investing in a feeder fund?

Some benefits of investing in a feeder fund include access to more significant investment opportunities, diversification, professional management, and potentially lower entry minimums and fees.

How are fees and expenses distributed in a feeder fund structure?

In a feeder fund structure, fees and expenses are typically shared between the feeder fund and the master fund. The feeder fund usually charges its own management fees to cover operational costs, while the master fund charges fees for investment management, performance, and other related expenses.

Are feeder funds available to retail investors?

Yes, feeder funds are available to a wide variety of investors, including retail investors. The feeder fund structure aims to make larger investment opportunities accessible to a wider range of investors, including those with smaller investment capital.

Can a feeder fund invest in multiple master funds?

Although it is common for a feeder fund to invest in just one master fund, it is possible for a feeder fund to invest in multiple master funds. This allows the feeder fund to achieve greater diversification and exposure to different investment strategies.

How are the returns from a feeder fund distributed?

Returns earned from the master fund’s investments are distributed back to the feeder fund and then allocated to investors in the feeder fund based on their share of the overall investments.

Are feeder funds subject to regulation?

Yes, feeder funds are typically subject to regulation by financial authorities in the jurisdictions where they operate. These regulations may include registration requirements, reporting obligations, and investor protection measures.

What are the risks involved in investing in a feeder fund?

Risks associated with investing in a feeder fund include market and investment strategy risks, as well as specific risks tied to the master fund’s investments. Additionally, investors should be aware of the potential for increased fees due to the fund structure and the liquidity limitations that may exist within the fund.

Related Finance Terms

  • Master Fund
  • Fund of Funds
  • Investment Pooling
  • Hedge Fund Structure
  • Offshore Fund

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