Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Fear and Greed Index


The Fear and Greed Index is a market sentiment indicator that measures the emotions driving investors’ decisions in the stock market, mainly fear and greed. It uses a scale of 0 (extreme fear) to 100 (extreme greed) based on multiple data points, including stock price momentum, market volatility, and safe-haven demand. The index helps investors gauge market sentiment and potentially identify trading opportunities based on emotion-driven swings in the market.


The phonetics for the keyword “Fear and Greed Index” is: Fee-er ænd greed in-deks

Key Takeaways

  1. The Fear and Greed Index is a market sentiment indicator that evaluates investors’ emotions towards the stock market, ranging from extreme fear to extreme greed.
  2. The index is calculated taking into account several factors, including market momentum, put and call options, stock price strength, safe-haven demand, and market volatility and breadth.
  3. Tracking the Fear and Greed Index can help investors make better decisions by identifying potential market turning points, enabling them to buy low in times of fear and sell high in times of greed.


The Fear and Greed Index is important in the world of business and finance because it serves as a valuable barometer that measures the emotions driving the stock market, namely fear and greed. Designed to gauge investor sentiment, this index comprises various data points like stock price momentum, market volatility, and volume, among others. By providing crucial insights into market psychology, the index helps traders and investors identify potential overbuying or overselling situations, enabling them to adopt well-informed strategies and make better decisions in their investments. Consequently, understanding and tracking the Fear and Greed Index can significantly contribute to mitigating risks associated with trading and investing activities, thereby maximizing potential gains.


The Fear and Greed Index is a valuable tool implemented by investors and market analysts that gauges the sentiment and emotions driving the financial market. It serves a crucial role in helping investors navigate through the complex market conditions. By measuring the balance between fear and greed, this index helps ascertain the level of optimism or pessimism in the stock market. The primary purpose of the Fear and Greed Index is to provide an objective outlook on investment decisions by curtailing the influence of emotional bias often associated with decision-making in financial markets. The index operates by analyzing various market indicators, such as market volatility, safe-haven demand, junk bond demand, and stock price strength, among others. Based on the data amassed from these factors, the index assigns a score ranging between 0 and 100. A score below 50 is indicative of a bearish sentiment, illustrating fear in the market. Conversely, a score above 50 signals bullish sentiment, characterized by greed. By leveraging the Fear and Greed Index, investors gain a broader perspective on market conditions and are better equipped to make well-informed decisions, which mitigates the risks associated with impulsive investment behavior.


The Fear and Greed Index, developed by CNN Money, tracks seven market indicators and combines them into an easy-to-understand numerical scale between 0 and 100, where 0 represents extreme fear and 100 represents extreme greed. Here are three real-world examples on how the index can be used: 1. During the 2008 Financial Crisis, the Fear and Greed Index plunged to extremely low levels, reflecting extreme fear among investors. This can be attributed to factors such as plummeting stock prices, widespread bankruptcies, and concerns over the collapse of the global financial system. This period was marked by a massive sell-off in the stock market, with investors pulling out of high-risk investments and seeking refuge in safer investment options like gold and government bonds. 2. In 2013, U.S. stock markets experienced an extended bull market when the Fear and Greed Index moved past 80, reflecting a high level of greed among market participants. Investors became bullish about future growth prospects, and the stock market reached new highs due to factors such as quantitative easing and stronger economic outlook after the financial crisis. This period was marked by high optimism and willingness to invest in riskier assets, which drove market valuations higher. 3. In March 2020, the Fear and Greed Index reached fear levels around 10 due to the uncertainty brought by the COVID-19 pandemic. This was followed by a steep decline in the stock market, with major indexes dropping over 30% in just a few weeks. Investors rushed to sell stocks and park their assets in safer assets such as cash and government bonds. This period demonstrated the impact of fear on market behavior, ultimately leading to significant losses for many investors who sold during the market panic.These examples illustrate the usefulness of the Fear and Greed Index in gauging the sentiment and emotions driving market behavior at various points in time, guiding investors in making more informed decisions about asset allocation and risk management.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Fear and Greed Index?
The Fear and Greed Index is a market sentiment indicator that measures the emotions driving the financial markets. It gives investors an idea of whether the market is dominated by fear (bearish sentiment) or greed (bullish sentiment) at a given time.
How is the Fear and Greed Index calculated?
The Fear and Greed Index is calculated using seven different market indicators, such as stock price momentum, stock price strength, stock price breadth, market volatility, safe-haven demand, junk bond demand, and market momentum. Each of these factors is assigned a score ranging from 0 to 100, which are then averaged to produce the overall index score.
How to interpret the Fear and Greed Index scores?
The Fear and Greed Index scores range from 0 to 100, with 0 representing extreme fear, 50 indicating a neutral sentiment, and 100 reflecting extreme greed. Generally, lower scores signify a risk-averse market (investors selling risky assets), while higher scores reveal a risk-seeking market (investors buying risky assets).
Can I use the Fear and Greed Index to make investment decisions?
The Fear and Greed Index can provide useful insights into the overall market sentiment, but it should not be used as a standalone tool for making investment decisions. It is important to combine it with other fundamental and technical analysis methods when evaluating potential investments.
How often is the Fear and Greed Index updated?
The Fear and Greed Index is usually updated on a daily basis, reflecting the most current market conditions. Investors can track the index by visiting various financial news websites that track and display the index’s real-time status.
Where can I find the Fear and Greed Index online?
The most popular source for the Fear and Greed Index is CNN Business, which updates the index daily. You can find the index on their website at
Can the Fear and Greed Index predict financial market trends or crashes?
Although the Fear and Greed Index provides valuable insights into the prevailing market sentiment, it cannot reliably predict market trends or crashes. It is essential to consider various economic indicators, market reports, and in-depth analysis before making any financial market predictions.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Our Editorial Process

At Due, we are dedicated to providing simple money and retirement advice that can make a big impact in your life. Our team closely follows market shifts and deeply understands how to build REAL wealth. All of our articles undergo thorough editing and review by financial experts, ensuring you get reliable and credible money advice.

We partner with leading publications, such as Nasdaq, The Globe and Mail, Entrepreneur, and more, to provide insights on retirement, current markets, and more.

We also host a financial glossary of over 7000 money/investing terms to help you learn more about how to take control of your finances.

View our editorial process

About Our Journalists

Our journalists are not just trusted, certified financial advisers. They are experienced and leading influencers in the financial realm, trusted by millions to provide advice about money. We handpick the best of the best, so you get advice from real experts. Our goal is to educate and inform, NOT to be a ‘stock-picker’ or ‘market-caller.’ 

Why listen to what we have to say?

While Due does not know how to predict the market in the short-term, our team of experts DOES know how you can make smart financial decisions to plan for retirement in the long-term.

View our expert review board

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More