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Ex-dividend refers to a time period in which any new buyers of a stock are not entitled to receive the next dividend payment. The ex-dividend date is set by the company issuing the dividend. Anyone who purchases the stock after this date will not receive the dividend, while those who own their shares before this date will.


The phonetics of the keyword “Ex-Dividend” is: eks – dɪvɪdɛnd

Key Takeaways

Sure, here are three main points about Ex-Dividend:“`html

  1. Definition: The term “Ex-Dividend” refers to the time period when a stock or any other security is traded without the right of receiving the next dividend payment. In other words, a buyer who purchases the stock on or after the ex-dividend date will not receive the upcoming dividend.
  2. Impact on Stock Price: After the ex-dividend date, the price of the security typically decreases by the amount of the dividend to reflect the fact that new shareholders are not entitled to that payment. However, market conditions and other factors can also affect the stock price, so it’s not always a straightforward equation.
  3. Importance for Investors: The ex-dividend date is important for investors as it determines whether they are entitled to the next dividend payment or not. If an investor wants to receive the dividend, they must purchase the stock before the ex-dividend date.



The term “Ex-Dividend” is extremely important in the world of business and finance as it denotes the timeline from which the right to receive a declared dividend shifts from the seller to the buyer of a stock. When a stock is listed as “ex-dividend,” it means that new buyers of that stock are not entitled to receive the most recently declared dividend. Essentially, it allows for clarity in who should receive dividends when stocks are being traded around the payout date. It helps to eliminate confusion that may be caused by the delay between the time the dividend is announced and when it is actually dispersed. Understanding the concept of “Ex-Dividend” is crucial for investors in making strategic decisions on buying and selling stocks.


Ex-dividend serves as a key time frame in the dividend issuance process for stocks of publicly traded companies. Its main purpose is to decide who is the rightful recipient of dividends or distributions, the buyer or the seller, in a transaction. Remember that a dividend is a portion of a company’s profits paid out to shareholders. When a company announces that it will be distributing dividends, they set two important dates: the record date and the ex-dividend date. The ex-dividend date is critical since it establishes the cut-off point for purchasing a stock and still receiving its forthcoming dividend. If the stock is bought on or after this date, the seller will receive the dividend, not the buyer. Essentially, the ex-dividend date is typically one day before the record date, to allow for the T+2 settlement period (the time it takes for a transaction to be cleared). This mechanism is used to prevent confusion and disputes over which investor (the buyer or the seller) will get the announced dividends. Hence, it promotes fairness and transparency in the entire process.


1. Apple Inc.: Apple Inc., the multinational technology company, announced on August 16, 2021 that it would pay a dividend of $0.22 per share on August 12, 2021. Therefore, anyone purchasing the company’s shares on August 13, 2021 or later until the dividend was paid, bought the shares ex-dividend and is not entitled to receive the declared dividend. 2. Microsoft Corporation: Microsoft is another firm that provides strong examples of the ex-dividend concept. If Microsoft declares that a dividend will be issued on January 15 to shareholders of record on January 1, this means that any investor who bought shares on January 2 or later would not receive the dividend because they bought it ex-dividend. Instead, the dividend would go to the person who owned the stock on the record date.3. Procter & Gamble Co.: One more example comes from Procter & Gamble Co., which announced on October 8, 2021 that it would pay a dividend of $0.87 per share on November 15, 2021. The record date, or the date by which investors needed to own shares in order to receive the dividend, was October 22, 2021. If someone purchased P&G’s shares on October 23, 2021 or any time after, they wouldn’t be entitled to this particular dividend, as they would be buying shares ex-dividend.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What does Ex-Dividend mean?

Ex-Dividend refers to a timeline when a company’s shares are traded without taking into consideration its recently declared dividends. Buyers of these shares will be ineligible to receive the latest dividends declared by the company.

When does a stock become ex-dividend?

The term starts just one day before the last record date. That is, if a company declares the record date to be 15th of the month, the stocks are considered ex-dividend from the 14th.

Am I eligible for the dividend if I purchase a share that is already ex-dividend?

No, only the owners of the shares before the ex-dividend date are eligible to receive the declared dividends.

What information is needed to calculate the ex-dividend date?

To calculate the ex-dividend date, you need the following information: the date when the dividends were declared, the record date, and the payment date.

Can a company change its ex-dividend date?

Yes, a company retains the right to change its ex-dividend date, often in concurrence to changes in their dividend policy or due to any unprecedented business or financial circumstances.

Does the ex-dividend date affect the price of the stock?

Yes, typically the price of the shares falls on the ex-dividend date. This is because new buyers are not entitled to claim the dividends that have been announced.

What does it mean if a stock is marked with XD in the stock exchange?

A stock marked as XD in the stock exchange means it’s trading ex-dividend. The XD notation is usually displayed for a couple of days surrounding the ex-dividend date.

How does ex-dividend relate to my investment strategy?

Understanding the ex-dividend date is essential if your investment strategy is focussed on earning income from dividends. You need to own the shares before the ex-dividend date to be eligible for the next dividends. However, it’s important to keep in mind that share prices typically fall by the amount of the dividend on the ex-dividend date.

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