The Evening Star is a bearish candlestick pattern used in technical analysis to predict a reversal in the current uptrend. It consists of three candlesticks: a large bullish one followed by a small-bodied candle and then a large bearish one. This pattern is usually seen at the top of an uptrend, signaling that the highest point in the market price has been reached and a downward trend is impending.
The phonetic pronunciation of “Evening Star” is: /ˈiːvənɪŋ stɑːr/
Certainly, however please note that the information I am providing may vary and may not be applicable to all contexts of “Evening Star” as it’s a term used both in Astronomy and Finance. For this example, I will use the term as it appears in astronomy, to describe a celestial body that appears in the sky just after sunset. “`html
The term “Evening Star” refers to any celestial body that becomes visible in the sky just after sunset. Traditionally, it is often associated with the planet Venus, which frequently appears during this time. However, it can also refer to other planets such as Mercury, Mars, Jupiter, or Saturn when they exhibit this behavior.
In astrology, the ‘Evening Star’ phase of Venus has had significant cultural and literary meanings and is often associated with the Greek mythological figure Hesperus.
The visibility of the Evening Star is not constant. It depends on the specific alignment of the celestial body and the Earth around the Sun. This means at certain times, a celestial body may not be visible as an Evening Star, and at other times it may appear as a Morning Star instead, visible just before sunrise.
The Evening Star is a significant term in business/finance, particularly in technical analysis related to the stock market, because it is a chart pattern used to predict and signal potential reversals in an existing bullish trend. This pattern, formed by three candlesticks, suggests that the market may shift from an uptrend or bullish sentiment to a downtrend or bearish sentiment. The first candlestick is a long bullish one, the second one (the star) gaps upwards, and the third one is bearish and dips into the body of the first candlestick. By interpreting this signal, investors and traders can make informed decisions and strategically react to impending changes in market trends, potentially hedging losses and maximizing profits.
The Evening Star is a distinguished technical analysis tool widely applied in predicting reversals in the price trends of financial markets. Specifically, it is used within the arena of candlestick pattern analysis, which is a method of observing price movements over designated periods. The primary purpose of the Evening Star is its ability to identify the shift from an uptrend to a downtrend, thereby helping traders and investors to make informed decisions on when to sell or short their positions to capitalize on prospective downward price moves. The evening star pattern is vital for investors as it creates an early alert for potential investments turns, which can spare investors from entering a trade just before the market trends downwards or enables them to exit a trade before the full impact of a reversal is felt. This pattern is predominantly reliable when backed by other technical indicators like bearish price movements or high trading volumes. When used correctly, the Evening Star pattern can be a robust tool to navigate volatile market situations.
1. Apple Inc. in 2012: An Evening Star pattern emerged on the Apple Inc.’s stock chart in September 2012. The stock had been in a strong uptrend before this pattern developed. The first day of the pattern saw a large white candlestick, reflecting the continuation of the bullish trend. The second day’s small body separated from the first day’s body (the star), indicating a potential change in investor sentiment. The third day saw a large red candlestick which closed below the midpoint of the first day’s body, thereby completing an Evening Star pattern. This was an early indication that the bullish sentiment was losing steam, and soon after, the stock price started to decline.2. Amazon.com in 2016: An example of the Evening Star pattern occurred in Amazon’s stock in October 2016. The stock price showed a large green candlestick followed by a small body candlestick above the previous range and ended with a large red candlestick pointing towards a potential bearish reversal. This properly formed Evening Star foreshadowed the significant drop in the Amazon’s stock price that unfolded over the next couple of months.3. Nikkei 225 in 2020: The Japanese index, Nikkei 225, saw an Evening Star pattern form in December 2020. There was an extended growth in the index until the first day of the pattern, which saw a large bullish (green) candlestick. The second day was the star with a small real body, indicating indecision. On the third day, there was a strong bearish (red) candlestick, indicating a potential trend reversal. Over the next few weeks, the index indeed experienced a sizeable pullback.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)
What is an ‘Evening Star’ in finance and business?
The ‘Evening Star’ is a candlestick pattern used in technical analysis to predict a potential future sell-off in the market or reversal in a bullish trend.
How is ‘Evening Star’ pattern formed?
It is a three-candle pattern: the first candle is a long green (bullish) candle, the second is a small green or red candle that gapes up, and the third is a long red (bearish) candle which opens below the second one and goes down deep into the first candle’s body.
What is the interpretation of an Evening Star pattern?
The presence of an Evening Star pattern signifies that the bullish trend may be weakening and the bears are starting to take control, often leading to a trend reversal.
Is the ‘Evening Star’ a reliable predictor of trends?
While it does have a good predictive accuracy, like any other technical analysis tool, the Evening Star should be complemented with additional indicators and not used in isolation.
Can I use the ‘Evening Star’ pattern in isolation?
No, it’s not advisable to use it in isolation as it may give false signals. For a reliable prediction, it should be combined with other technical analysis tools, market trends, or economic indicators.
Does an ‘Evening Star’ pattern appear in all types of markets?
It can technically appear in any market, but it is typically used in price charts for equity and forex trading where daily price changes are tracked.
What’s the opposite of an ‘Evening Star’ pattern?
The opposite of an ‘Evening Star’ pattern is a ‘Morning Star’ pattern. This pattern signals the reversal of a bearish trend and the possible onset of a bullish trend.
Related Finance Terms
- Technical Analysis
- Bearish Reversal Pattern
- Candlestick Charting
- Market Trend
- Stock Market Volatility
Sources for More Information
- Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/eveningstar.asp
- Corporate Finance Institute: https://www.corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/trading-investing/evening-star/
- The Balance: https://www.thebalance.com/evening-star-candlestick-pattern-1031459
- BabyPips: https://www.babypips.com/forexpedia/evening-star