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EV/2P Ratio


The EV/2P Ratio, also known as Enterprise Value to 2P Reserves Ratio, is a financial metric used predominantly in the oil and gas industry. This ratio compares the total value of a company, inclusive of debt and equity (Enterprise Value), to its proven and probable (2P) reserves. It provides an estimation of a company’s value related to each unit of exploitable reserves, thus, investors utilize this computation to understand the value proposition of a company compared to its peers or benchmarks.


The phonetics for “EV/2P Ratio” is as follows: “E-V Slash Two P Ratio”.

Key Takeaways

  1. EV/2P Ratio refers to the Enterprise Value to 2P Reserves ratio, which is used in the oil and gas industry to value a company relative to its proven and probable reserves. It gives investors a perspective on how the market values a company’s proven oil and gas reserves.
  2. Calculation: It is calculated by dividing the enterprise value of a company by the value of its proven and probable (2P) energy reserves. A lower ratio may indicate that a company is undervalued, whereas a higher ratio may suggest overvaluation.
  3. Usefulness: This ratio helps investors compare companies with varying amounts of reserves and analyze operating performance, improve investment decisions, and allocate investment resources more effectively. It’s crucial to understand that a multitude of factors can influence this ratio, hence should not be used in isolation for investment decisions.


The EV/2P Ratio (Enterprise Value to 2P Reserves) is a key financial metric in the oil and gas industry that represents the value of a company relative to its proven and probable (2P) reserves. This ratio is particularly crucial because it helps investors assess the cost of extracting the reserves compared to the company’s current market value. A lower EV/2P Ratio typically indicates a more financially attractive company, suggesting that it might be undervalued. This ratio provides critical insights to investors and stakeholders for decision-making processes while comparing firms in the same sector and plays an essential role in the valuation of oil and gas companies.


The EV/2P Ratio is a financial metric utilized in the field of finance and particularly in the oil and gas industry to assess and evaluate the value of companies. Essentially, it measures the value of a company, taking into consideration its recoverable reserves. This metric is considered valuable as it gives potential investors or stakeholders a more comprehensible and accurate assessment of a company’s real worth. EV stands for Enterprise Value, and 2P represents Proven plus Probable reserves, which are the oil/gas reserves that have a reasonable certainty (at least 50%) of being recoverable.The primary role of the EV/2P ratio is to provide a comparative tool while evaluating companies within the energy sector. It helps investors in determining which oil or gas companies are overvalued and which are undervalued according to their reserve holdings, which is a crucial factor in the oil and gas industry. By using this ratio, investors can normalize companies for size, facilitating a fairer comparison. The lower the EV/2P ratio, the more attractively valued the company is considered, assuming that all else is equal. Therefore, this ratio aids in making informed investment decisions by enabling better risk assessment and opportunity recognition in the energy sector.


The EV/2P Ratio (Enterprise Value to 2P Reserves Ratio) is a measurement generally used in the oil and gas industry. This ratio compares the total value of a company (including its market cap, short and long term debts, and its cash equivalents) to the value of its proven plus probable (2P) reserves. Here are three hypothetical real world examples:1. **Company A in the Oil Sector:** Assume that Company A, operating in the oil & gas exploration sector, has an enterprise value of $500 million. Company A’s total 2P reserves come in at 50 million barrels. That would give Company A a EV/2P ratio of $10 per barrel ($500 million / 50 million barrels).2. **Company B in the Natural Gas Sector:** Let’s say Company B, a natural gas producer, has an enterprise value of $1 billion and its total 2P reserves are 100 billion cubic feet. Therefore, the EV/2P ratio for Company B would come out to $10 per thousand cubic feet ($1 billion / 100 billion cubic feet).3. **Company C in the Shale Oil Production:** Consider a shale oil production company, Company C, which has an enterprise value of $200 million. The total 2P reserves confirmed by geological surveys in its mining landscape calculate to 15 million barrels. The EV/2P ratio for Company C will be roughly $13.33 per barrel ($200 million / 15 million barrels).These examples serve to illustrate how the EV/2P ratio can help in evaluating and comparing companies in the oil and gas industry to see if they are fairly valued based on their extractable reserves. However, they are still hypothetical and actual values can vary considerably depending on the nature of reserves, market conditions, company specifics and several other factors.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the EV/2P Ratio?

The EV/2P Ratio, also known as the Enterprise Value to 2P reserves ratio, is a financial ratio that is used in the oil and gas industry to determine the value of a company. It is calculated by dividing a company’s enterprise value (EV) by its proven and probable (2P) reserves.

How is the EV/2P Ratio calculated?

The EV/2P Ratio is calculated by dividing the enterprise value of a company (the total value of a company, including its equity, debt, and cash) by its 2P reserves (the total amount of oil and gas reserves that the company has estimated with reasonable certainty to be recoverable).

What is the significance of the EV/2P Ratio in the finance sector?

The EV/2P Ratio is important because it allows investors and analysts to compare the value of different oil and gas companies based on their reserves. A lower EV/2P Ratio can suggest that a company is undervalued, while a higher ratio may suggest overvaluation.

What is considered a good EV/2P Ratio?

The definition of a good EV/2P Ratio can vary depending on the specific circumstances and the industry average. However, generally, a lower ratio could potentially indicate that a company is undervalued and may present a good buying opportunity.

Can the EV/2P Ratio be used for companies outside the oil and gas industry?

The EV/2P Ratio is typically used within the oil and gas industry, as it relies on the measure of 2P reserves, which apply to these types of companies. However, the concept of comparing enterprise value to some measure of resource or capacity can be adapted to other industries with different metrics.

What are the limitations of using the EV/2P Ratio?

While the EV/2P Ratio can be a useful tool, it doesn’t account for factors like the quality of a company’s reserves or the costs associated with extracting them. It should thus be used in conjunction with other financial metrics to form a more complete picture of a company’s financial health.

Related Finance Terms

  • Enterprise Value (EV): This is the measure of a company’s total value, inclusive of all types of securities like equity, debt, preferred stock, and minority interest. It’s often used in valuation or feasibility studies.
  • 2P Reserves: These are proven plus probable reserves, a measure used in the oil & gas industry to estimate the quantity of recoverable reserves.
  • Ratio Analysis: Used in financial assessments to evaluate various aspects of a company’s operating and financial performance such as its efficiency, liquidity, profitability, and solvency.
  • Valuation Metrics: These are the measures used to assess the value of a company in relation to certain specific components such as sales, earnings, book value, and growth.
  • Commodity Markets: These are markets where raw or primary products are exchanged. The importance of the 2P reserves in the EV/2P ratio makes these markets relevant, particularly for oil and gas companies.

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