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A Eurodollar is a U.S. dollar that is deposited in banks outside the United States, mainly in Europe. It represents a common basis for international loans and investments. It’s notable because these deposits are subject to less regulation than they would be in U.S. banks.


The phonetics of the keyword “Eurodollar” is: yoor-oh-dol-er

Key Takeaways

Main Takeaways about Eurodollar

  1. Eurodollar Definition: Eurodollar refers to U.S. dollars deposited in banks outside the United States. Despite its name, Eurodollars are not solely reserved for Europe, they could technically be anywhere in the world.
  2. Influence on Global Finance: As a significant part of the international financial market, Eurodollars help facilitate global trade and investment by offering a place for individuals and organizations to deposit and lend money outside the control of any single country’s regulations.
  3. Eurodollar Futures: Eurodollar futures are a way for companies and banks to secure an interest rate for future lending or investment. This instrument plays a vital role in the interest rate futures market, assisting organizations in managing risk associated with interest rate fluctuations.


The term Eurodollar is of vital importance in the business/finance sector as it signifies U.S. dollars deposited in banks outside the United States. It reflects a globally interconnected financial network and maintains a key role in international lending and investment. Eurodollars provide a source of dollar-denominated funding for global investors and firms, facilitating international trade and capital flows. Moreover, it serves as a significant part of many countries’ foreign exchange reserves and is used in global transactions, thereby impacting the global economy. Furthermore, the Eurodollar market is a significant component of the derivatives market where Eurodollar futures are widely traded, providing a means for risk management, hedging, and speculative activities. Hence, Eurodollars are a crucial part of the international financial system.


The Eurodollar serves a significant purpose in the global financial ecosystem as it helps in smoothing international business transactions, especially between countries with different currencies. It is essentially a U.S. dollar-denominated deposit in banks outside the United States. This system of deposits and transactions eliminates the need to convert currencies, which can involve fluctuating exchange rates and thus, potential losses. The Eurodollar market is used by banks, multinational corporations, mutual funds, hedge funds, and individuals for depositing surplus funds for short periods, effectively facilitating liquidity management for international businesses and financial institutions.Moreover, an important aspect of the Eurodollar is its usage in the Eurodollar futures market, one of the world’s most popular interest rate futures contracts. Corporations and banks use the Eurodollar futures markets primarily to hedge against future interest rate changes. In particular, when a company expects the rate at which it can borrow to rise in the future, it might invest in Eurodollar futures contracts to lock in the current lower rate. As such, it essentially serves as an international interest rates futures market, providing a gauge of market sentiment on the direction of interest rates globally.


1. Multinational Corporations: A multinational company like Apple may have large amounts of income overseas. Instead of converting this income back into U.S. dollars and transferring it home, Apple could decide to deposit the money in a foreign bank (offshore from the United States). This deposit would be considered a Eurodollar deposit, and Apple would be participating in the Eurodollar market.2. Global Investment Banking: For example, JPMorgan may have a client in Europe who wishes to take out a loan in U.S dollars for an investment in the United States. JPMorgan could facilitate this loan using their reserves of Eurodollars, thus participating in the Eurodollar market.3. Hedging Risk: Institutional investors might use Eurodollar futures as a tool to hedge against interest rate risk. For example, if a U.S. based pension fund expects that U.S. interest rates will rise significantly over the next two years (which would decrease the value of its fixed-income portfolio), it could purchase Eurodollar futures contracts. If the interest rates do rise, the profit from the Eurodollar futures contracts could help offset the loss in value from its bond portfolio.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Eurodollar?

Eurodollar refers to U.S. dollars deposited in banks outside the United States, including in Europe. These deposits are made primarily by U.S. firms and individuals.

Why are they called Eurodollars?

The term isn’t linked to the Euro currency or Europe only rather it’s called Eurodollars because the practice originated in European banks.

Where are Eurodollars traded?

The most common market for Eurodollars is the London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR) market, although they are traded globally.

What is a Eurodollar futures contract?

A Eurodollar futures contract is a legally binding agreement to deliver, on a specified future date, a cash amount based on the difference between the agreed upon interest rate and the actual LIBOR rate.

What is the purpose of Eurodollars or their role in international finance?

Eurodollars help facilitate international trade and provide a means for multinational corporations to hedge against exchange rate risk. They also play a major role in the offshore financial sector.

How do interest rates affect Eurodollar deposits?

Higher interest rates could make Eurodollar deposits more attractive, as they tend to offer higher returns than domestic banks.

Are Eurodollars the same as ‘Petrodollars’?

No, they are different. Petrodollars refer to U.S. dollars paid to oil-exporting countries, while Eurodollars refer to U.S. dollars deposited in banks outside the U.S.

How are Eurodollars regulated?

Eurodollar transactions are subject to less regulation than similar transactions within the U.S., which can make it a more favourable environment for banks and corporate treasurers.

Are Eurodollar accounts insured like U.S. domestic bank accounts?

Generally, Eurodollar accounts aren’t insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), since they are held in overseas banks.

: Who uses Eurodollars?

Eurodollars are used by a variety of actors, including multinational corporations, international banks, and governments. They facilitate global trade and mitigate currency risk.

Related Finance Terms

  • Libor Rate: The interest rate at which banks can borrow unsecured funds from other banks in the London interbank market.
  • Offshore Banking: The deposit of funds by a company or individual in a bank located outside their national residence.
  • Foreign Exchange Market: The global marketplace for trading national currencies against one another.
  • Reserve Currency: A foreign currency held by central banks and other major financial institutions as a means to pay off international debt obligations.
  • Spot Rate: The current market price a given asset — such as a security, commodity, or currency — can be bought or sold for immediate delivery.

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