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Eurocurrency is a form of currency that is banked outside its country of origin, particularly in Europe. It is not necessarily tied to the Euro, the European Union’s official currency. This term caters to any currency that is deposited in a bank outside its home market, such as US dollars deposited in a European bank.


The phonetics of the keyword “Eurocurrency” is /ˈyʊrəʊˌkʌrənsi/

Key Takeaways

  • Eurocurrency is any currency that is banked outside of its country of origin, often in Europe, hence its name. It’s a part of the international financial system used for lending or borrowing in the global market.
  • The Eurocurrency market functions without regulation which allows for more financial flexibility and competitive interest rates as compared to domestic markets. However, this also leads to risks due to the lack of set regulations and standards.
  • Eurocurrency can influence exchange rates and potentially the economies of the countries these currencies originate from, because they are large sources of short-term funding for international banks and global companies.


Eurocurrency is an important business/finance term because it reflects the global nature of financial markets and the ease of movement of capital across national boundaries. It refers to any currency that is deposited in a bank outside its country of origin. The implication of this mechanism is that it helps to create a money market that provides relative stability, better interest rates and potentially lower transaction costs. Understanding Eurocurrency markets is important because they can impact international finance and trade, investment strategies, interest rates, and have implications for monetary policy and financial stability. For businesses, the availability of Eurocurrency markets can provide opportunities for more advantageous terms for borrowing or investment.


Eurocurrency refers to deposits and loans denominated in a currency other than that of the country where the bank is located. It serves the purpose of providing a highly flexible and unregulated source of external borrowing and lending, thus playing a significant role in the world’s financial system. It emerged as a significant source of finance in the global market because it helps to avoid regulations, tax laws, and monetary policy controls imposed by national governments on domestic currencies. Eurocurrency can also facilitate international trade by providing a uniform platform for transaction settlement, thereby eliminating any potential risk of exchange rate fluctuations as the currency in which a deal is closed remains the same in regard to the amount payable at the end. Businesses and governments often utilize eurocurrency markets for the creation of liabilities and acquisition of assets denominated in a foreign currency, making it a critical part of international business and finance.


1. Eurodollars: This is probably the most common example of Eurocurrency. Eurodollars are U.S. dollars deposited in banks outside the United States, particularly in Europe. They originated in the period after World War II when many dollars were deposited outside the U.S due to Marshall Plan aid to Europe. Nowadays, they form a major portion of the international capital market.2. Euro Yen: This refers to Japanese Yen deposited in banks outside of Japan, predominantly in Europe. These deposits play an integral role in the international capital market.3. Euro Pounds: This term refers to British pounds that are deposited in banks outside of the United Kingdom. Despite being known as “Euro” currencies, these types of deposits can actually be held in a variety of countries worldwide, not only Europe. The term came about largely because London, located in Europe, has always been a major financial center for these types of transactions.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Eurocurrency?

Eurocurrency refers to the deposit of a currency in a bank located in a country that does not use that currency as a national form of tender.

Where did the term ‘Eurocurrency’ originate?

The term originated in the late 1950s with the deposit of US dollars in European banks, hence the Euro- prefix in its title. However, this concept has now globalized beyond Europe.

Why is Eurocurrency significant in finance and business?

Eurocurrency plays a vital role in the global financial system as it allows for funds transfer and lending outside the regulations of the Homeland. It is also crucial in international trade and investment.

Is Eurocurrency the same as the Euro, the European Union’s currency?

No, Eurocurrency has nothing to do with the Euro. They are completely different. A Eurocurrency can be any currency held outside its home market.

How does a Eurocurrency market work?

In a Eurocurrency market, banks and financial institutions accept deposits and make loans in foreign currencies. This market is thus under less regulatory control, and transacted currencies don’t have to pass through a nation’s local central bank.

What is the advantage of the Eurocurrency market?

One of the main advantages of the Eurocurrency market is the less-stringent banking regulations, leading to potentially higher margins for banking institutions. Its clients can often get better interest rates than they can at home.

Are there risks involved with Eurocurrency?

Yes, the main risk is that the lack of oversight can lead to financial crises if loans default. Also, with less regulations, there can be an increase in money laundering and other illicit activities.

What is a Eurodollar?

Eurodollar is a sub-category of Eurocurrency. It refers to US dollars that are deposited in banks outside the United States.

What are some examples of Eurocurrencies?

Some examples include Euroyen (Japanese Yen deposited in banks outside Japan), Eurosterling (British Pound deposited in banks outside UK), and Euroswiss (Swiss franc deposited in banks outside Switzerland).

Can any currency become a Eurocurrency?

Yes, any internationally recognized currency can become a Eurocurrency when deposited in a bank outside its home country. The prefix would change to reflect the currency involved.

Related Finance Terms

  • Eurodollar
  • Foreign Exchange Market
  • Interbank Market
  • Exchange Rate
  • Offshore Banking

Sources for More Information

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