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Due from Account


A Due from Account in finance refers to an asset account in the general ledger that records amounts to be received from another entity. Typically it is used to track intercompany transactions, or any transactions involving transfers of money or goods/services between different departments or entities within the same business. Essentially, it’s like a register for “IOUs”.


The phonetics of the keyword “Due from Account” is: Due: /du:/From: /frɒm/Account: /əˈkaʊnt/

Key Takeaways

1. Definition: ‘Due from Account’ usually relates to an asset account in the general ledger that indicates the amount that is receivable from another entity. It is usually a temporary situation, such as the payment from a customer that is received by another department, and then needs to be transferred to the account of the department that originally billed the customer.

2. Function and Importance: It is a short-term asset and gives a reputable indication of the organization’s liquidity. Institutions use this for their daily cash requirements. It’s vital for any business as it directly impacts the cash flow.

3. Book-keeping: ‘Due from Account’ is a clear way for businesses to track their incoming receivables. Also, its presence ensures that businesses do not lose track of the money they are owed. Regular audits of these accounts ensure the businesses are accounting their finances accurately.


The business/finance term “Due from Account” is important because it refers to an asset account in the general ledger that indicates the amount of deposits currently held at another company. This can be monies to be transferred from one bank to another, funds related to an intercompany loan or amounts owed to the primary company by a secondary one. In essence, this is money that is owed, but not yet paid, making it a crucial part of managing a company’s receivables. Keeping track of “Due from Accounts” allows a company to accurately assess their upcoming income, maintain robust and effective financial planning, and ensure timely collection of owed debts.


The main purpose of a “Due from Account” in finance and business pertains to managing and documenting intercompany transactions or amounts that one company or department owes to another company or department within the same business or entity. This is crucial for accurate record keeping and internal controls, as it ensures that all financial transactions are appropriately monitored, tracked and reconciled for audit purposes. Moreover, the use of a Due From account can optimize cash management within a company by turning it into a sort of ‘internal bank’ , where divisions or subsidiaries of a large corporation that have excess cash lend it to those that are in need. This helps the company as a whole maximise the benefits of cash surpluses and reduce borrowing costs. So, the ‘Due from account’ serves to facilitate these types of intercompany transactions while promoting financial efficiency and accuracy.


1. Internal Banking Transactions: In large banking corporations, a ‘due from account’ could be used where one branch owes money to another branch. For instance, if Branch A lends a certain sum of money to Branch B, then the ‘due from account’ in the books of Branch A will show this amount till it is repaid.2. International Trade: A company in the United States exporting goods to a company in the United Kingdom might extend credit terms to the British company. The amount to be received from the overseas company will be recorded in the due from account of the American company until payment is received.3. Third-Party Debtors: A retail store extends short-term credit to its regular customers. The amount that these customers owe to the store will be recorded as ‘due from account’ in the store’s accounting records. This will be counted as an asset, until the customers pay their bills.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Due from Account?

A Due from Account is an account where a business records the amounts to be received from another entity, usually a related party such as a subsidiary or a branch. It represents a claim to a certain amount of money that must be paid by that entity.

Is a Due from Account an asset?

Yes, a Due from Account is considered an asset. It represents money due to your business, and until it’s paid, it’s recorded as an asset on your balance sheet.

How does a Due from Account work?

When a company loans money to one of its subsidiaries or purchases goods on behalf of it, the sum becomes a due from account in the parent company’s general ledger. This due from account shows how much the subsidiary owes the parent company, essentially acting like an IOU.

When should a transaction be recorded in a Due from Account?

Any time a company loans money to, or makes a payment on behalf of, a related party such as a subsidiary company or a branch, the amount should be recorded as a Due from Account.

How is a Due from Account different from an Accounts Receivable account?

A Due from Account is usually money owed by related parties such as a subsidiary or a branch, whereas Accounts Receivable usually represents money owed by customers for goods or services provided.

How should I handle overdue amounts in a Due from Account?

If an amount in a Due from Account becomes overdue, it’s important to reconsider the likelihood of payment. If it seems unlikely, it might be worth reclassifying the amount as a bad debt.

How is a Due from Account settled?

A due from account is settled when the debt owed is repaid. This could occur through cash payment, or by offsetting the amount against amounts in a Due to Account if there exist balances in both the accounts by the same related parties.

Can a Due from Account include interest?

Yes, it’s possible that interest can be included in a Due from Account. The specifics can vary depending on the terms agreed between the two parties. If interest is included, it can increase the total amount due.

Related Finance Terms

  • Accounts Receivable: These are the amounts owed to a business by its clients for goods or services sold on credit.
  • Credit Balance: This is the amount that a business or individual has in their account, indicating that they have paid more than what they owe.
  • Liquidity: This refers to the ease with which an asset, or security, can be converted into ready cash without affecting its market price.
  • Cash Flow: This is the total amount of money being transferred into and out of a business, particularly affecting liquidity.
  • Balance Sheet: A financial statement that summarizes a company’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity at a specific point in time.

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