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Dividend Per Share (DPS)


Dividend Per Share (DPS) is a financial term that refers to the total dividends declared in a period by a corporation, divided by the number of outstanding shares it has. It is a way of showing the maximum amount of dividends a shareholder may potentially receive for every share they own if the company distributes all of its dividends. DPS is a method to perceive a company’s health and profitability from a shareholder’s perspective.


The phonetics of the keyword “Dividend Per Share (DPS)” is:Dividend: /dɪˈvɪdɛnd/Per: /pər/Share: /ʃɛər/DPS: /ˌdiː.piːˈɛs/

Key Takeaways

  1. Definition: Dividend Per Share (DPS) is a financial metric that shows the portion of a company’s earnings that is distributed to its shareholders in the form of dividends. It’s calculated by dividing the total dividends paid out by a company, including interim dividends, by the total number of outstanding shares.
  2. Significance: DPS is a vital metric for investors as it directly indicates the profitability and financial health of a company. Higher DPS can reflect a profitable and financially healthy company. It is used in calculating a company’s Dividend Yield, which is a key aspect determining the potential return on investment for shareholders.
  3. Variations: DPS can vary significantly from year to year depending on the company’s profits and management decisions. If a company retains its earnings or re-invests in the business rather than paying dividends, DPS can be lower. Conversely, if a company has a surplus of earnings and decides to distribute more as dividends, DPS will be higher. It’s important for shareholders to understand these influencing factors.


The Dividend Per Share (DPS) is a crucial metric in the business/finance world as it indicates the amount of profit that a company is willing to distribute to its shareholders. It is calculated by dividing the total dividends paid out by a business, including interim dividends, over a period by the number of outstanding ordinary shares issued. This parameter serves as an important tool for investors to assess a company’s profitability and estimate future dividends, it gives an insight into the company’s profit allocation strategy. Higher DPS often manifests as a sign of financial health, making the company attractive to potential investors. Conversely, a lower or decreasing DPS might suggest possible financial issues, potentially deterring investment. Therefore, DPS offers significant input for making sound investment decisions.


Dividend Per Share (DPS) plays a crucial role in financial planning, strategic investment decisions and assessing a company’s ongoing profitability. It is used primarily by investors and analysts to determine the amount of profit a company is willing to distribute among its shareholders. The level of DPS is a direct indicator of a company’s profit distribution policy and its willingness to share earnings with shareholders. This information is helpful in comparing potential profit returns from various companies, thus facilitating informed investment decisions.Moreover, DPS can reflect a company’s financial strength and performance. Higher DPS may suggest stronger financial health and higher earnings, hence making the company more attractive to investors. Companies with a consistent or growing DPS over time are often seen as more reliable and could have a more robust and sustainable business model. This attracts more potential investors, improving the company’s reputation, share price stability and market competitiveness.


1. Apple Inc.: In the fiscal year of 2020, Apple decided to give out dividends to their shareholders. The company’s Dividend Per Share (DPS) was identified as $3.28, which means for each share held, a shareholder received $3.28 as a dividend. 2. Procter & Gamble: Procter & Gamble distributed a $3.16 dividend per share to its shareholders in the year 2020. If an investor held 100 shares of Procter & Gamble, they would have received a total annual dividend payment of $316. 3. Johnson & Johnson: In 2020, Johnson & Johnson’s Dividend Per Share (DPS) was $4.04, implying that shareholders received a $4.04 dividend for each share they owned. Consequently, a shareholder with 500 shares would have earned an annual dividend payment of $2,020 from Johnson & Johnson.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Dividend Per Share (DPS)?
Dividend Per Share (DPS) is a financial ratio that indicates the amount of cash a company is willing to distribute to its shareholders in the form of dividends. It is calculated by dividing the total dividends paid out by a company in one fiscal year by the total number of outstanding ordinary shares.
How is the DPS calculated?
The DPS is calculated by dividing the total dividends paid by the company to their shareholders by the total number of outstanding ordinary shares. This calculation gives a per-share payout figure.
What does a high DPS value indicate?
A high DPS value typically indicates that a company is profitable enough to distribute a good portion of its profits back to its shareholders. It can reflect positively on the company’s financial health and stability.
Is a higher DPS always better?
Not always. While a higher DPS indicates that a company is returning a good portion of its profits to shareholders, it might also suggest the company has limited growth opportunities to invest in. It is a balance between returning profits to shareholders and reinvesting for future growth.
How can DPS impact an investor’s decision?
DPS can significantly impact an investor’s decision to invest in a company. Investors who seek regular income from their investments, such as retired individuals, may prefer companies with a high DPS. On the other hand, growth-oriented investors might prefer companies that reinvest their profits back into the business.
Is DPS the same for all types of shares?
No, DPS is not the same for all types of shares. It is generally calculated for ordinary shares. Preference shareholders often have a fixed dividend, which is not included in the calculation of the DPS.
Can a company with losses still pay dividends per share?
Technically, a company can decide to pay dividends even if it reports a loss. However, it would not be a sustainable practice and could lead to financial instability. Usually, companies that report consistent losses do not pay dividends.

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