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Dividend Growth Rate


Dividend Growth Rate is a financial term that refers to the annualized percentage rate of growth that a particular stock’s dividend undergoes over a specific period of time. It is calculated by taking the change in dividends over time and dividing it by the number of years it took for the change. This metric is important for investors seeking dividend-paying stocks as it shows how quickly a company’s dividend payment is growing.


The phonetic spelling of “Dividend Growth Rate” is: /ˈdɪvɪdɛnd groʊθ reɪt/

Key Takeaways

  • Dividend Growth Rate is a financial metric that determines how much a company’s annual dividend payout has grown over a specific period. This is indicative of a company’s profitability and ability to sustain dividends.
  • A high dividend growth rate can be a strong sign for potential investors as it indicates a company’s consistent and potentially increasing profitability, and its capacity to distribute this wealth to its shareholders.
  • However, an overly high growth rate may not always be sustainable in the long run. Investors should be cautious and consider other factors such as the Payout Ratio (percentage of earnings paid out as dividends) and the overall performance and stability of the company


The Dividend Growth Rate is an essential metric in business and finance because it signifies the annual average percentage rate at which a company’s dividend payment has grown over a specific period. This rate is fundamental to investors and shareholders, as it serves as an indicator of a company’s financial health as well as its potential for long-term growth. Consistent growth in dividends may signal strong performance and profitability, thus attracting more investment. Furthermore, for income-focused investors, a high or rising dividend growth rate can represent a steady income stream that often outpaces inflation, thereby preserving the purchasing power of their investment returns.


The Dividend Growth Rate is a key metric often used by investors as it provides insights into a company’s potential for long-term growth and its ability to generate increased returns on investments. The main purpose of calculating the Dividend Growth Rate is not only to assess the financial wellness and stability of a corporation but also to predict the future profitability of a firm. By calculating the Dividend Growth Rate, investors can estimate how much their investment would grow over time if they reinvest the proceeds back into the company. It helps them know if a company is profitable enough to invest in or if they should cash out their yields instead of reinvesting.

Moreover, the Dividend Growth Rate is also useful for companies in determining their overall financial strategy. Analysts within the company may use this rate to evaluate whether their current rate of dividend payouts is sustainable in the long run based on the company’s projected earnings. This allows corporations to better plan their financial future and make more informed decisions when setting dividend policies or planning investment strategies. Therefore, the Dividend Growth Rate serves as an invaluable tool in strategic planning, both for companies and for individual or institutional investors.


1. Walmart Inc.: Walmart has consistently increased its dividends each year as its profits have grown. For example, in 2015, the company paid an annual dividend of $1.96 per share, and in 2021, the annual dividend grew to $2.16 per share. This is an example of a positive Dividend Growth Rate.

2. Johnson & Johnson: This company is renowned for its long-term sustained dividend growth rate. For instance, it has increased its dividend payouts for over 50 consecutive years, demonstrating a robust dividend growth rate. Such a trend showcases the company’s stability and commitment to returning ongoing value to its shareholders.

3. Apple Inc.: Initially, Apple didn’t pay dividends to its shareholders. However, it began doing so in 2012, and it has been gradually increasing the dividend payout every year. This consistent increase over the years represents a positive dividend growth rate. For instance, in 2014 they distributed a dividend of $1.62 per share, but in 2020, the dividend was increased to $3.28 per share.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Dividend Growth Rate?

Dividend Growth Rate is a financial metric that represents the annualized average rate of growth in a company’s payouts to its shareholders in the form of dividends over a specific time period.

How is the Dividend Growth Rate calculated?

The Dividend Growth Rate is calculated using the following formula: DGR = (D1 / D0) ^ (1/t) – 1. Here, D1 is the value of dividend at the end of the period, D0 is the starting dividend value, and t is the number of years.

Why is Dividend Growth Rate important to investors?

The Dividend Growth Rate is an indicator of a company’s profitability and its capacity to generate cash flow. For income-oriented investors, a consistently high dividend growth rate can be an attractive feature of an investment, indicating regular inflating income from their shares.

Does a high Dividend Growth Rate always mean it’s a good investment?

Not always. While a high Dividend Growth Rate can be an attractive feature, it’s important to consider alongside other metrics to assess the total financial health of a company. A firm might temporarily increase its DGR by sacrificing other opportunities for growth or even by financing the payouts with debt.

What are some factors that can affect the Dividend Growth Rate?

Several factors can impact the Dividend Growth Rate including changes in the company’s earnings, adjustment in the payout ratio, launch of new products, entry into new markets, business cycles, and changes in the company’s competitive position, among other factors.

Does a company with no dividends have a Dividend Growth Rate?

No, a company that does not pay dividends does not have a Dividend Growth Rate. Some companies choose to reinvest their profits into the business for further growth instead of paying dividends.

Is Dividend Growth Rate the same as Yield?

No, Dividend Growth Rate and Dividend Yield are two different metrics. While Dividend Growth Rate refers to the annualized rate at which dividends per share grow, Dividend Yield represents the ratio of annual dividend payment to its current stock price.

Related Finance Terms

  • Dividend Payout Ratio
  • Retained Earnings
  • Dividend Yield
  • Stockholder’s Equity
  • Earnings Per Share

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