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Diluted Earnings per Share (Diluted EPS)


Diluted Earnings per Share (Diluted EPS) is a profitability calculation that measures the amount of net income earned per share of stock outstanding, factoring in convertible securities, options, and warrants that could potentially be exercised. These additional shares can dilute the value per share. The calculation is typically used by investors to evaluate a company’s profitability and potential for future growth.


Diluted Earnings per Share (Diluted EPS) can be phonetically pronounced as:”Dy-loot-ed Urn-ings pur Share (Dy-loot-ed Ee-Pee-Ess)”

Key Takeaways

Sure, here are three takeaways about Diluted Earnings Per Share:“`html

  1. Diluted EPS is a financial metric that essentially determines the quality of a company’s earnings per share if all convertible securities were exercised. The term “diluted” implies that the additional outstanding shares could dilute the overall earnings.
  2. This measure is especially critical when companies have convertible loans or securities, as these can potentially dilute a company’s EPS. Therefore, Diluted EPS tends to be more conservative and offers a more accurate reflection of the company’s financial health than Basic EPS.
  3. Diluted EPS is especially beneficial for potential and current investors as it gives a worst-case-scenario perspective on the status of an organization’s EPS. Hence, it’s pivotal in investment decisions, as it can indicate a company’s ability to generate profits.



Diluted Earnings per Share (Diluted EPS) is an important business/finance term, as it reflects the worst-case scenario regarding earnings per share (EPS), giving a more comprehensive picture of a company’s financial health. Unlike Basic EPS, Diluted EPS takes into account all potentially convertible securities, such as convertible bonds, stock options, or convertible preferred shares, which could potentially dilute earnings per share. When these securities are converted, it increases the number of shares outstanding, which in turn decreases the value (dilutes) of individual shares’ earnings. If a considerable discrepancy is seen between Basic EPS and Diluted EPS, it could indicate a large potential dilution for current shareholders and a sign of risk to potential investors. This information assists in more accurately evaluating a company’s profitability and the potential earnings a shareholder could receive in a worst-case scenario. It is, therefore, a critical measure for investors while making investment decisions.


Diluted Earnings Per Share (Diluted EPS) is a financial metric primarily used by investors and analysts to assess a company’s profitability from a broader viewpoint by including all potential conversion of convertible securities. Convertible securities refer to any corporate securities (such as preferred shares or convertible bonds) that can be potentially transformed into common stock. By incorporating all convertible securities, Diluted EPS provides a comprehensive outlook on the absolute worst-case scenario in terms of earnings distribution, and gives a more conservative perspective on a company’s ability to generate profits.The purpose of Diluted EPS is crucial for potential investors and analysts as it is designed to show the decreased potential earnings (earnings per share) if all convertible securities were exercised. It ensures that they are not overly optimistic about the company’s profitability based on Basic EPS, which doesn’t account for dilution. In other words, Diluted EPS can protect investors by revealing the potential decreases in earnings per share, therefore offering a safer, more cautious perspective. Furthermore, comparing the Basic EPS and Diluted EPS can indicate the degree to which a company is reliant on convertible securities, which can be an important indicator of financial health.


1. Apple Inc: In their Q1 2021 financial statement, Apple Inc. reported a diluted EPS of $1.68. This includes potential convertible securities, such as convertible debentures, options, and warrants, which could potentially decrease earnings per share if exercised or converted into common stock.2., Inc: In its Q2 2021 report, Amazon revealed a diluted EPS of $15.12, which was lower than the $20.4 EPS in the previous quarter. This could attribute to the issuing of more shares, exercising of options and other convertible instruments leading to a ‘dilution’ of the earnings per share.3. Microsoft Corporation: In its 2020 annual report, Microsoft announced a diluted EPS of $5.76, compared with its basic EPS of $5.82. This slight reduction is due to additional potentially dilutive shares from stock options, non-vested shares and similar equity instruments. This example shows that even a seemingly small dilution can mean a significant difference in EPS for corporations the size of Microsoft.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Diluted Earnings per Share (Diluted EPS)?

Diluted Earnings per Share (Diluted EPS) is a profitability estimation metric used by businesses to calculate the net income available per each outstanding share, including potential shares that could be issued from convertible securities.

How is Diluted EPS computed?

Diluted EPS is calculated by dividing the net income, adjusted for dividends and interest associated with dilutive securities, by the sum of the outstanding shares and potential outstanding shares.

What is the difference between basic EPS and diluted EPS?

Basic EPS only accounts for the outstanding shares, while diluted EPS also takes into account all convertible securities, like stock options, convertible bonds, and warrants, which could potentially be converted into common shares.

How does Diluted EPS affect investors?

A lower Diluted EPS can suggest a worst-case scenario for investors in terms of earnings outlook, as it indicates the potential decrease in earnings per share if all convertible securities were executed. This can impact investment decisions.

What could lead to a decrease in Diluted EPS?

A decrease in net income or increase in the number of shares due to new shares issued or conversion of convertible securities can cause a decrease in Diluted EPS.

Can a company’s Diluted EPS be higher than its Basic EPS?

Typically, no. Because Diluted EPS takes into account the potential dilution of shares from convertible securities, it’s usually lower than Basic EPS. However, if there were no dilutive securities in a given period, the Diluted EPS would be the same as the Basic EPS.

What does a high Diluted EPS indicate?

A high Diluted EPS often indicates a lucrative financial state. It suggests that a company is able to generate significant earnings even after assuming all convertible securities are converted into common shares.

Related Finance Terms

  • Weighted Average Shares Outstanding
  • Convertible Securities
  • Stock Options
  • Income Statement
  • Basic Earnings Per Share (Basic EPS)

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