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Demand Deposit


A demand deposit is a type of bank account from which funds can be withdrawn at any time without any notice to the depository institution, such as a bank or credit union. These accounts often allow for unlimited withdrawals and are commonly found in checking accounts or current accounts. Demand deposit is widely used for cash management because of its liquidity.


The phonetic spelling of “Demand Deposit” is: dih-mand dih-pah-zit.

Key Takeaways

  1. Accessibility: Demand deposits are funds that are deposited in bank accounts and are available for withdrawal at the discretion of the depositor. The ease of access to these funds without having to pay a penalty for early withdrawal or waiting a specified period makes them an ideal choice for individuals and businesses that require frequent access to their deposits.
  2. Liquidity: Demand Deposits serve as one of the most liquid forms of assets an individual or business can hold. Besides cash, demand deposits are often considered as the most liquid asset one can possess, as these can be readily converted into cash or can be used for transactions through cheques, debit cards, or electronic transfers.
  3. Interest Rates: Traditionally, demand deposits do not earn any interest due to their high liquidity, as banks can’t utilize these funds for long-term lending or investment. In some cases, banks may offer slight interest rates on these deposits, but often the rates are fairly minimal compared to what could be earned through a long-term, fixed deposit account.


Demand deposits are an essential component of the money supply in an economy, and they play a significant role in the banking sector. They include funds held in checking accounts that can be withdrawn at any time without any advance notice to the bank. This immediate liquidity makes them crucial for businesses and individuals to conduct daily transactions seamlessly, impacting overall economic activity. Additionally, banks use the funds in demand deposit accounts for lending, which stimulates growth by providing capital for businesses to expand. Thus, the demand deposit is critical for facilitating lending, transactions, and economic growth.


Demand Deposits serve a significant purpose in an individual’s day-to-day financial transactions. Essentially, they are the funds stored in bank accounts like checking accounts or savings accounts from which money can be withdrawn at any time without notifying the bank in advance. They provide liquidity and flexibility to consumers as there are generally no restrictions on how many transactions can take place in such accounts. Given the unlimited access to the money, demand deposits serve as a convenient and fast tool for making instant payments, handling unexpected expenses, and managing short-term financial needs. Moreover, demand deposits play an essential role in the broader economic landscape. They provide banks with the capital needed to issue loans and stimulate economic growth. When customers deposit money into their bank accounts, banks can lend these funds to other customers, helping to circulate money in the economy and boost financial activity. In this sense, demand deposits not only facilitate personal finance management, but they also stand as a critical backbone of the banking system and the overall economy.


1. Savings Account: These are the most common type of demand deposits which are offered by virtually every bank. They allow the bank customers to deposit money into their accounts and withdraw whenever they want without notice. The banks pay interest on the money kept in the savings accounts.2. Current/Checking Account: These types of accounts are often used by businesses due to their high liquidity and the ease of conducting transactions, particularly large volumes of withdrawals and deposits. The account holder can withdraw their funds ‘on demand’ without any prior notice.3. Money Market Account: This is another example of a demand deposit which is similar to a savings account, but they usually require a higher minimum balance and offer slightly higher interest rates. They offer a high level of liquidity, allowing depositors to withdraw and deposit money on demand.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Demand Deposit?

A demand deposit is a type of deposit in a bank account that allows the depositor to withdraw money at any time without any prior notice. It includes checking accounts, savings accounts, and money market accounts.

How does a Demand Deposit work?

Demand deposits work in a very simple way. You deposit funds into an account, and the bank can use those funds for lending purposes. However, the bank must also allow you to withdraw the funds whenever you want, hence the term ‘demand deposit’.

Are Demand Deposits safe?

Demand deposits are generally considered safe as they are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in the U.S. However, it’s always important to ensure that your bank is FDIC-insured.

Can Demand Deposits earn interest?

Typically, demand deposits have been non-interest bearing. However, some banking institutions may offer interest on these deposits under specific conditions, such as maintaining a particular minimum balance.

How are Demand Deposits different from Time Deposits?

The key difference between demand deposits and time deposits is the accessibility to funds. Demand deposit funds can be accessed anytime without previous notice, while time deposits are ‘fixed’ for a certain period and can only be withdrawn without penalty after the time period is over.

Why are Demand Deposits important to banks?

Demand deposits provide banks with the liquidity required to lend money. Banks use the majority of funds coming from demand deposits to give loans to other customers.

Can Demand Deposits be transferred?

Yes, demand deposits can be transferred from one person to another via various methods such as checks, debit cards, or electronic funds transfers etc.

How can I open a Demand Deposit account?

Opening a demand deposit account such as a checking or savings account is generally a simple process. You can typically do this by visiting a local bank branch, doing it online or by using a bank’s mobile application. You may need to provide some identification and make an initial deposit.

Related Finance Terms

  • Checking Account: A bank account that allows unlimited deposits and withdrawals. It is a form of demand deposit where you can withdraw your money anytime.
  • Bank Run: A situation where a large number of customers of a bank withdraw their deposits simultaneously due to concerns about the bank’s solvency. Often associated with demand deposits, as the bank must have sufficient reserves to cover these immediate withdrawals.
  • Reserve Requirement: The minimum amount of funds that a bank is required to hold in reserve against demand deposit liabilities. Central banks often set the level of reserve requirement.
  • Interest Rate: The proportion of a loan that is charged as interest to the borrower, typically expressed as an annual percentage of the loan outstanding. Banks may offer demand deposit accounts with variable interest rates.
  • Liquidity: The ability to quickly convert assets into cash without loss in value. The high liquidity of demand deposits is one of their defining characteristics as they can readily be accessed and used for transactions.

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