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Delivery Versus Payment (DVP)


Delivery Versus Payment (DVP) is a securities industry procedure in which the buyer’s payment for securities is due at the time of delivery. It is a method of settling trades that requires the simultaneous exchange of securities and payment, minimizing the risk of loss. The system guarantees the transfer of securities only happens after a payment has been made, ensuring the execution and finalization of a securities transaction.


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Key Takeaways

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  1. Security – Delivery Versus Payment (DVP) is a common procedure that is used in securities settlement to ensure that delivery of securities only occurs when a payment has been made. It is designed to eliminate or reduce settlement risk in transactions.
  2. Efficiency – By linking the transfer of securities and payment, DVP reduces the risk of one party failing to fulfill their part of the deal. This increases the efficiency of the transaction and reduces the risk of any potential losses.
  3. Widely Used in International Transactions – DVP is a globally recognized practice used in various financial markets across the world. It is particularly common in bond transactions and other trades of securities on the secondary market.



Delivery Versus Payment (DVP) is a crucial term in business and finance as it is a system that ensures the security and simultaneity of securities and payments transactions, reducing the risk of loss. It signifies a common procedure in securities settlement where the buyer’s payment for securities is due at the time of delivery. DVP is vital because it ensures that payment will only be made if the delivery of the security is made accordingly, essentially linking the delivery of securities to their payment. This principle minimizes the risk of one party failing to fulfill their part of the agreement, thus providing security against defaults, enhancing overall market efficiency, and fostering trust in transactional relationships.


Delivery Versus Payment (DVP) is a method of settlement for securities that plays a crucial role in ensuring the integrity and efficiency of trading processes. Its primary purpose is to mitigate the risk related with the timing of transactions. This system ensures that the transfer of securities only occurs when a corresponding payment is received. Essentially, it mitigates the settlement risk which usually arises from the possibility of the seller delivering the securities without receiving the payment or the buyer making the payment without receiving the securities.In business and finance, DVP is largely used to safeguard the interests of the parties involved in a securities transaction. By synchronizing the delivery of securities with the payment, it creates a fail-safe mechanism that guarantees ‘delivery upon payment’. This means every trade completion depends on two key conditions: the receipt of securities by the buyer and the receipt of payment by the seller, ensuring a drastically reduced chance of unilateral default. It fosters enhanced trust, operational efficiency, and reliability in securities trading.


1. Stock Market Trading: On most stock exchanges, transactions are done using DVP. When an investor purchases a security, such as stock or bond from another investor, they will pay the agreed-upon price for the security and take ownership at the same time, minimizing the risk of non-delivery or non-payment.2. Purchase of a House: When someone buys a home, a DVP-like process occurs. The purchaser pays the seller, and in return, the seller delivers the ownership documents. The transaction and transfer of ownership occur simultaneously, ensuring that both parties uphold their ends of the deal.3. Cross border transaction: Perhaps a US company is purchasing a large amount of goods from a Chinese manufacturer. To protect their investment, they may opt to use a DVP system. This way, they don’t pay until the goods have arrived and the manufacturer doesn’t ship the goods until guaranteed payment. This methodology ensures both the US company receives what they paid for and the Chinese manufacturer gets their payment.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Delivery Versus Payment (DVP)?

Delivery Versus Payment (DVP) refers to a common procedure where the buyer’s payment for securities is due at the time of delivery. This arrangement ensures the transfer of securities only occurs when payment is made, thus minimizing the risk of loss for both parties involved.

How does DVP mitigate risks in securities trading?

DVP minimizes the risk of loss for both parties involved in the transaction. The buyer is assured that they will receive the securities before payment is made, and the seller is guaranteed payment upon delivering the securities.

What are some other names for DVP?

DVP is also commonly referred to as cash delivery, payment on delivery, or simultaneous exchange of cash for securities.

What kind of transactions does Delivery Versus Payment (DVP) typically apply to?

DVP usually applies to institutional trading, wherein large volumes of securities are bought and sold. However, it can also be applied to any sort of business transaction where goods are being exchanged for payment.

What are the benefits of using DVP as a method to transact?

The primary benefits of transacting through DVP are that it mitigates the risk of theft or fraud, provides both parties with time to confirm the validity of the transaction, and ensures seamless and safe transfer of both securities and funds.

What happens if the payment or securities delivery fails in a DVP transaction?

In the event of a failure in payment or securities delivery, the DVP transaction would not be finalized. It essentially places responsibility on both parties to uphold their parts of the agreement.

How is DVP different from Free of Payment (FOP)?

In a DVP transaction, the transfer of securities and the payment happen simultaneously to reduce risk. Conversely, in a Free of Payment (FOP) transaction, the transaction is fulfilled even if the payment is delayed.

Does DVP guarantee the quality of the securities received?

No, DVP only guarantees the delivery of securities against payment. The quality or validity of the securities themselves should be verified by the purchasing party before finalizing the transaction.

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