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Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)


Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) is a term used in international trade that refers to a deal where the seller assumes all the responsibilities, risks, and costs associated with delivering goods to an agreed-upon location. This includes payment of all transportation costs, customs duties, and any other fees or taxes. Essentially, under a DDP agreement, the buyer’s only responsibility is to unload the goods upon delivery.


Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) is phonetically pronounced as: Deh-liv-erd Doo-tee Paid

Key Takeaways

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  1. Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) is an international trade term that refers to a seller’s responsibility to deliver goods to a buyer at an agreed-upon place, bearing all the risks and costs associated with transporting the goods.
  2. Under DDP, the seller is obligated to handle all customs procedures, pay duties, taxes and other charges related to the export and import of the goods, ensuring a seamless transaction for the buyer who does not have to worry about these logistics.
  3. Although DDP offers great convenience to the buyer, it can present more risk and responsibility to the seller. This is because the seller must have the necessary permits and understanding of local regulations at the destination country to clear the goods through customs.



The business/finance term Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) is vital because it provides clarity on who bears the costs, risks, and responsibilities of delivering goods. In international trade, DDP implies that the seller takes on all the risk and cost of transporting goods until they’re at the buyer’s disposal in the destination country. This includes payment of export and import duties, taxes, and customs formalities. Hence, the buyer has certainty of total cost at the time of purchase, without the risk of unexpected costs or delays. It also obligates the seller to clear customs at both ends of the shipping process, providing a clear-cut, low-risk option for the buyer, and promoting smooth and effective transactions.


Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) refers to a delivery agreement wherein the seller takes on all the risks and costs associated with transporting goods until they are received by the buyer. This expansive responsibility includes the obligations of export and import clearances, shipping, and payment of taxes and duties in the importing country, hence the term “duty paid”. The purpose of the DDP is to consolidate all associated costs and risks into a single responsibility for sellers, which can in turn offer a transparent, fixed price to buyers, covering the entire process from production to delivery.DDP is commonly used to facilitate international trading by reducing uncertainties and complexities for the buyer. By deploying the DDP term in international trade, the buyers can focus on distributing and selling the goods in their market, leaving the complexities and hassles of transport logistics and compliance to the sellers. This ensures sellers have a better hold on supply chain processes, while buyers can concentrate on selling the goods without worrying about potential importation issues. However, by accepting these responsibilities sellers often justify higher pricing for their goods, to account for the added risks they undertake.


1. Import of Raw Materials: A company based in the United States orders raw materials from a supplier in China. The Chinese supplier agrees to a DDP contract, which means they are responsible for shipping the goods, paying for customs duties, dealing with paperwork, and making sure the materials safely arrive at the American company’s warehouse. The American company does not have to worry about any import related risks and costs, making the supplier a one-stop solution.2. International Sale of Goods: Imagine a global electronics company based in Japan selling its TVs to a retailer in Germany. If they agree to deliver the TVs under DDP terms, the Japanese company is responsible for all the shipping and handling, insurance, import customs, and all other logistics till the TVs are delivered to the retailer’s address in Germany. The German retailer has peace of mind knowing exactly how much they will need to pay without having to deal with unexpected expenses or logistic hassles.3. Cross-border E-Commerce: An online fashion retailer based in Italy sells its products to consumers all over the world. In order to provide a seamless shopping experience, they offer DDP terms, where the prices of goods displayed on their website include all delivery costs and any customs duties of the destination country. The items are delivered to the buyer’s doorstep with no additional charges, ensuring transparency and boosting customer satisfaction.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What does Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) mean in finance and business terms?

In international trade, Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) refers to a shipping term where the seller bears all risks and costs associated with delivering goods to an agreed-upon destination. This includes transportation costs, insurance, customs duties, and any other charges that might be incurred.

What responsibilities does the seller assume under DDP?

Under DDP, the seller is responsible for all tasks and costs associated with the delivery of goods to a specified place. This includes packing, shipping, insurance, customs clearance, and payment of customs duties and taxes.

How does DDP impact the buyer?

With DDP, the buyer’s risk is greatly minimized as they do not have to worry about any shipping details or extra costs. They simply need to receive the goods at the specified destination.

Are there any situations where DDP might not be the best option?

Yes, if the buyer has special relationships with customs or local authorities in their country which can allow them to clear goods more quickly or at a potentially lower cost, DDP might not be the optimum choice.

What is the difference between DDP and other Incoterms like EXW or FOB?

The main difference lies in the distribution of costs and responsibilities. In EXW (Ex Works), the buyer assumes all responsibilities and costs from picking up goods at the seller’s place to delivery to the final destination. FOB (Free on Board) involves the seller’s responsibility till the goods are on the ship, after that all costs are assumed by the buyer. DDP, on the other hand, puts most responsibilities on the seller.

If the goods are damaged or lost in transit, who is responsible under DDP?

Under DDP, if goods are damaged or lost in transit, the responsibility lies with the seller. This continues until the goods have been delivered to the agreed-upon location and ready for unloading by the buyer.

How does DDP impact the pricing of goods in an international transaction?

Since DDP includes all costs associated with transportation, insurance, and customs duties, the pricing of goods under DDP terms would be higher compared to terms where the buyer assumes some responsibilities.

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