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Days Working Capital


Days Working Capital, also known as Days Sales of Working Capital, is a financial metric that measures how many days it takes for a company to convert its working capital into revenue. Essentially, it’s an indicator of the firm’s operational efficiency by gauging the time taken to convert inventories and accounts receivable into cash while paying off accounts payable. A lower number usually signifies better financial management and liquidity, while a higher number may indicate potential cash flow problems or inefficiencies.


The phonetics of “Days Working Capital” can be represented as: – Days: /deɪz/ – Working: /ˈwɜrkɪŋ/- Capital: /ˈkæpɪt(ə)l/Using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), the phonetic transcription is: /deɪz ˈwɜrkɪŋ ˈkæpɪt(ə)l/

Key Takeaways

  1. Efficiency Indicator: Days Working Capital (DWC) is a financial metric that helps measure the efficiency of a company’s operations by indicating how many days it takes to convert working capital into revenues. A lower DWC implies better operational effectiveness and higher liquidity.
  2. Formula: The calculation for Days Working Capital involves dividing the company’s working capital, which consists of current assets minus current liabilities, by the daily sales revenue. DWC = (Working Capital / Annual Sales) x 365
  3. Comparative Analysis: Using Days Working Capital, investors and analysts can compare the performance of different companies within the same industry to identify those that manage working capital more efficiently. Please note that it is essential to compare companies of similar size and sector to ensure a more accurate analysis.


Days Working Capital is an important financial metric used by businesses to assess their operational efficiency and liquidity position. This measure reflects the number of days it takes for a company to convert its working capital into revenue. A lower days working capital indicates that the company can quickly recover its investment in inventories and receivables, leading to a better cash flow position and a more financially agile business. On the other hand, a high days working capital could signal inefficiencies in the company’s operations or credit management, potentially hampering its ability to meet financial obligations or pursue growth opportunities in a timely manner. Thus, monitoring days working capital is crucial for businesses to optimize their financial management, gauge potential risks, and make informed decisions that support sustainable growth and profitability.


Days Working Capital (DWC) is a key financial metric that helps business owners, managers, and investors to understand the effectiveness of a company’s cash flow management. The primary purpose of DWC is to measure the amount of time a company takes to convert its working capital (the difference between current assets and current liabilities) into revenues. By doing so, the metric provides valuable insights into the company’s operational efficiency, financial stability, and liquidity. Monitoring days working capital enables businesses to identify potential issues in their working capital management and make data-driven decisions to optimize their cash conversion cycle, which may lead to increased profitability and growth.

In the realm of finance and business, days working capital serves as an essential tool to assess a company’s financial health, and compare it against industry benchmarks or competitors. A lower DWC signifies that a company is taking fewer days to turn its working capital into revenues, indicating efficient cash management, better inventory management, and faster collection of accounts receivable. On the other hand, a higher DWC may signal potential cash flow problems, indicating that the company may have difficulties meeting its short-term obligations or managing its debtor and creditor relationships effectively. As a result, businesses can use this metric to recognize areas that require improvement, such as negotiating more favorable payment terms with suppliers, improving the collection process for accounts receivable or optimizing inventory management to enhance their overall financial performance.


Days Working Capital, or DWC, is a financial metric that measures how many days it takes for a company to convert its working capital into revenue. It is an efficiency indicator that helps businesses understand how long it takes to turn their investment in inventory and other working capital components into sales income.Here are three real-world examples of companies with varying Days Working Capital:

1. Apple Inc.As of September 2021, Apple Inc. had a DWC of around -45.08 days. This negative value indicates that Apple is very efficient in managing its working capital. It also implies that the company generates revenue from its operations sooner than it needs to pay its suppliers and settle other working capital-related obligations.

2. Walmart Inc.As of July 2021, Walmart Inc. had a DWC of approximately 6.61 days. This value indicates that Walmart takes 6.61 days to turn its working capital into sales revenue. Compared to Apple, Walmart’s Days Working Capital is higher, but it remains relatively low, which is ideal for the retail sector. Low DWC values are common for companies with just-in-time inventory systems and aggressive working capital management.

3. Boeing Co.As of June 2021, Boeing Co. had a DWC of about 89.54 days. It takes the company nearly three months to turn its working capital into sales revenue. Higher DWC values for companies like Boeing can be attributed to the nature of their industry, where the manufacturing cycle is longer due to complex products such as aircraft. This extended time frame is not unusual for companies in capital-intensive industries with longer production cycles, but it shows that working capital management varies significantly depending on the sector and the company’s position in the market.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Days Working Capital?

Days Working Capital (DWC) is a financial metric that measures the number of days a company takes to convert its working capital into revenue. It is an indicator of how efficiently a business manages its short-term assets and liabilities to generate cash flow.

How is Days Working Capital calculated?

Days Working Capital can be calculated using the following formula:Days Working Capital = (Working Capital / Revenue) x 365Where:Working Capital = Current Assets – Current LiabilitiesRevenue = Annual Net Sales

Why is Days Working Capital important?

Days Working Capital is a crucial metric for analyzing a company’s financial health, as it reflects how well a business is managing its working capital. A lower DWC means the company is more efficient at converting its working capital into cash and requires fewer days to do so. A high DWC may indicate inefficiencies or potential liquidity issues.

How does Days Working Capital impact a business?

Efficient management of Days Working Capital has several positive implications for a business, including:1. Improved cash flow: Lower DWC means the company can generate cash faster, helping to maintain liquidity and meet short-term obligations.2. Increased profitability: Efficient working capital management can lead to lower storage and financing costs, improving profitability.3. Enhanced solvency: A lower DWC may reduce the risk of insolvency, as the company can more easily meet its financial obligations.4. Attractiveness to investors: Healthy DWC figures can make a company more attractive to investors, who prefer well-managed, efficient operations.

How can a company improve its Days Working Capital?

A company can improve its Days Working Capital by:1. Streamlining inventory management: This includes reducing storage costs, better forecasting, and avoiding overstocking or stock-outs.2. Optimizing accounts receivable: Implementing effective credit policies, incentivizing early payments, and diligently following up on overdue accounts can shorten the receivables collection period.3. Negotiating better credit terms with suppliers: Extending payment terms and securing vendor discounts can create more flexibility in managing accounts payable.4. Regularly reviewing and monitoring financial metrics: Keeping track of Days Working Capital, alongside other key metrics like inventory turnover and accounts receivable days, can help businesses identify inefficiencies and implement necessary improvements.

Related Finance Terms

    • Working Capital Cycle
    • Accounts Receivable Days
    • Accounts Payable Days
    • Inventory Turnover Days
    • Cash Conversion Cycle

Sources for More Information

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