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Comps, short for comparables, are used in financial analysis to assess the value of a business, real estate property, or investment. They are determined by comparing the subject to similar businesses, properties, or investments that have been sold recently. The comparison takes into account several factors including location, size, and condition.


The phonetics of the word “Comps” is /kɒmps/.

Key Takeaways

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  1. Comps, or Computer Science, involves the study of computers and computing technologies.
  2. It combines aspects of both theoretical sciences and practical system design.
  3. Fields within Computer Science range from data analysis and artificial intelligence to software engineering and network design.

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Comps, short for comparable analysis, are important in business and finance because they enable companies, investors and researchers to evaluate and value a firm by comparing it to similar businesses in the industry. Typically based on ratios such as P/E (price/earnings) and PEG (price/earnings/growth), comps provide a relative valuation, allowing stakeholders to gauge a company’s financial health, profitability and growth prospects in relation to its competitors. Through this comparison, one can also uncover industry trends, benchmark performance and make informed investment or business decisions. This context-based analysis makes comps an integral aspect of financial analysis, asset valuation, and investment strategy.


Comps, short for comparables, refer to the analysis strategy where firms, transactions, or other entities are compared based on certain similar characteristics or criteria. This approach has extensive applications in several areas of business and finance, including equity analysis, corporate finance, real estate valuation, and mergers & acquisitions. The primary purpose of using comps is to provide a logical and empirical basis for establishing a certain value, be it of a commercial property or a publicly-traded stock.In the framework of equity analysis and corporate finance, comps offer vital valuation tools. Analysts will compare various financial metrics of a firm, such as Price to Earnings (P/E) ratio or Earnings before Interest, Tax, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) to that of related, comparable firms within the same industry. This analysis helps give a sense of the company’s relative worth, assisting investors and financial decision-makers in making informed decisions. Similarly, in real estate, property investors or appraisers would evaluate the prices of properties with comparable characteristics (location, size, amenities, etc.) to determine a likely market value. Therefore, the primary use of comps is in relative valuation, where the worth of a subject entity is assessed in comparison to similar entities.


1. Real Estate: In the real estate market, “comps” refers to comparative market analysis, where similar properties (in terms of size, location, condition, etc.) recently sold are used to determine the fair market price of a property. For example, if you’re trying to sell a 3-bedroom house in a certain neighborhood, a real estate agent would look at what similar 3-bedroom houses in the same neighborhood have sold for recently to set a comparable selling price.2. Retail: In the retail business, “comps” or comparable store sales, is a metric used to compare sales of retail stores that have been open for a year or more. For example, if a clothing chain reported a 5% increase in comp sales, that means sales in their stores open for more than a year have increased by 5% compared to the previous year.3. Stock Market: In equity analysis, “comps” are companies with similar financial characteristics, products, services, and markets that are used as a benchmark to value another company. For example, if you want to value a tech startup, you might look at comparables, or “comps” , such as other similar sized tech companies in the same industry.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What are Comps in finance and business?

Comps, or comparables, refer to the valuation method where companies in the same industry or similar industries are compared to each other in order to evaluate a business’s financial performance and market value.

How are Comps used in business valuation?

Comps are used to estimate the value of a company based on the performance of similar companies. Investors or analysts look for companies with comparable financial characteristics, business models, and products or services, evaluate their market value, and apply this analysis to the company they are interested in.

Why are Comps important in finance?

Comps are important as they allow investors to make decisions based on the relative value. They can identify if a company is over or under-valued compared to its peers, providing investment guidance.

How are Comps selected?

Comps are selected based on several factors, including the industry, size of the business, the geographical location, the company’s growth rate, and overall business model. The companies chosen should be as similar as possible to the one being valued.

Are there any limitations to using Comps for valuation?

Yes, there are limitations. If there aren’t many comparable companies, or if the company being evaluated is very unique, using comps can be inaccurate. In addition, market conditions can impact the value of comparables, which can distort the estimated value of the company being considered.

How reliable are Comps?

The reliability of Comps largely depends on the quality of the companies chosen as comparables. The more similar they are in terms of industry, business model, and financial characteristics, the more reliable the comps will be.

What are some examples of Comps in use?

Comps are commonly used in equity research, IPO pricing, and M&A transactions. In each case, the goal is to find a fair value for a company by comparing it to similar businesses.

Related Finance Terms

  • Valuation Ratios
  • Comparable Company Analysis
  • Income Statement
  • Equity Value
  • EBITDA Margins

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