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Commercial Bank


A commercial bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits, offers checking account services, makes business, personal and mortgage loans, and provides basic financial products like certificates of deposit and savings accounts to individuals and businesses. Its primary purpose is to make profits for its owners. The bank earns profit by lending at rates higher than the cost of the money it lends.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Commercial Bank” is /kəˈmɝːʃəl bæŋk/.

Key Takeaways

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  1. Commercial banks are financial institutions that provide a variety of services including accepting deposits, offering business and personal loans, and offering basic investment products.
  2. They play a crucial role in the economy because they mobilize funds from savers to borrowers, thereby promoting business activities and economic growth.
  3. Commercial banks are regulated by the banks’ home country’s central bank and are subject to banking laws and regulations to ensure safety and soundness of the banking system and protection of bank depositors.



Commercial banks play a significant role in the global economy by encouraging personal and business growth. They provide a safe place for individuals and businesses to deposit their money, while also offering essential services such as loans, credit, and payment services. Commercial loans provided by these banks foster business expansion and stimulates economic growth. Also, by offering a variety of saving accounts and investment services, commercial banks help in the mobilization and distribution of savings in the economy. Hence, the operation of commercial banks is crucial for financial stability and sustainable economic growth.


Commercial banks serve a crucial role in the global economy by stimulating economic growth. The primary purpose of a commercial bank is to provide financial services to individuals, small businesses, and large organizations. This is achieved by accepting deposits from the public and extending credits or loans to individuals and businesses in need. In other words, they function by moving funds from savers to borrowers, effectively fueling financial activities and facilitating money flow in the economy.Commercial banks are also used for various other purposes that are deeply embedded in daily economic activities. They offer a secure place for individuals and businesses to deposit their money, and they can also make payments on behalf of the customers using various payment methods, like checks and debit cards. Moreover, they provide important services like business loans, personal loans, home mortgages, and basic investment products like savings accounts and certificates of deposit. Thus, commercial banks play a pivotal role in fostering economic development and prosperity.


1. JPMorgan Chase & Co. – This is one of the largest commercial banks in the United States. It provides a wide range of financial services such as deposit accounts, credit cards, mortgage loans, and wealth management. It also offers commercial lending and treasury services to businesses of all sizes. 2. HSBC Holdings PLC – Based in London, HSBC is a major global commercial bank that operates in several regions including Europe, Asia, North America, and Latin America. It offers services like retail banking, global banking, commercial banking, and wealth management.3. Deutsche Bank AG – This is a leading commercial bank in Germany with a strong presence in Europe and other parts of the world. Deutsche Bank provides a variety of financial products and services. This includes deposit accounts, loans, asset management, and commercial and investment banking services.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Commercial Bank?

A commercial bank is a financial institution that provides a range of services like accepting deposits, offering business and personal loans, and offering basic investment products.

What are the typical services offered by a Commercial Bank?

Commercial banks usually provide checking accounts, savings accounts, and various types of loans, including mortgages and auto loans. Some bank services also include providing credit cards, providing foreign exchange services, and wealth management assistance.

Who regulates commercial banks?

Commercial banks are regulated by national and international banking regulatory bodies. In the United States, these include the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).

What is the role of a Commercial Bank in the economy?

Commercial banks play a crucial role in the economy by mobilizing savings from individuals and businesses and channeling them into productive uses, such as providing loans and credit to businesses and consumers.

How does a Commercial Bank generate revenue?

The primary source of revenue for most commercial banks is the income they receive from interest on the loans they provide. They also earn money from fees for certain types of transactions and services.

What is the difference between a Commercial Bank and a Central Bank?

A central bank is a national bank that manages a country’s money supply, interest rates, and currency, while a commercial bank is a financial institution that offers banking services to public and businesses.

How safe is my money in a Commercial Bank?

In most countries, commercial banks are insured by a government entity. In the U.S, for instance, the FDIC insures deposits up to $250,000 per depositor, per insured bank.

Can a Commercial Bank invest my money?

Although commercial banks do not directly engage in investments like a brokerage firm, they do offer customers various investment products like CDs (Certificate of Deposits), bonds, and mutual funds.

Related Finance Terms

  • Commercial Loans
  • Overdraft Services

  • Certificates of Deposit
  • Business Checking Accounts
  • Mortgage Loans

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