Table of Contents

Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)



Definition

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) is one of the world’s largest futures and options exchanges. Based in Chicago, it facilitates the trading of a broad array of derivatives contracts, including futures and options, based on interest rates, equity indexes, foreign exchange, commodities, and events. Established in 1898, it plays a critical role in global finance by providing a marketplace for risk management.

Phonetic

Chicago: /ʃɪˈkɑːɡoʊ/Mercantile: /ˈmɜr·kənˌtaɪl/Exchange: /ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/CME: /ˌsiː ˌem ˈiː/

Key Takeaways

<ol><li> The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), also known as the Merc, is one of the world’s leading and most diverse derivatives marketplaces. It is where a wide variety of commodities, derivatives, currencies, and futures are traded. </li><li> CME was established in 1898 and was originally a place where traders could buy and sell commodities such as butter, eggs, and poultry. Over time, it evolved to trade a diverse series of commodities and financial instruments, including futures and options. </li><li> Besides its major role in global commerce, CME Group also provides a platform for the trading of interest rate futures, equity indexes, foreign exchange, energy, and agricultural products. It also operates CME Clearing, a leading central counterparty clearing provider. </li></ol>

Importance

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) is paramount in the world of business and finance because it serves as one of the largest and most diverse marketplaces for trading futures and options. It offers a platform for a broad array of assets like currencies, agricultural goods, energy, and precious metals, allowing investors, traders, and businesses to hedge against risk and manage volatility. CME has played a crucial role in shaping the financial industry by establishing financial futures and developing electronic trading platforms. Thus, its role as a key player in offering a global, regulated marketplace for open trading significantly contributes to the economy’s stability and efficiency.

Explanation

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), established in 1898, primarily serves as a marketplace for traders to buy and sell financial instruments and commodities. It functions as a central hub for the exchange of assets, offering a regulated and standardized setting where institutional and individual investors, traders, and firms can handle risk exposure and speculate on future prices. This purpose makes CME a critical part of the futures markets, helping to improve market liquidity and efficiency by providing a transparent, reliable trading environment.CME serves diverse economic sectors, dealing in a wide array of asset types including currencies, commodities, interest rates, real estate, equity indices, and more. Understanding market trends and potential future pricing through this exchange platform helps businesses to create effective financial planning and risk management strategies. For instance, a farmer could sell futures contracts for their crops through the CME, effectively locking in a price and safeguarding against potential market downturns. Similarly, manufacturers could purchase these contracts to secure a stable supply price, allowing for more accurate budgeting and financial forecasting. Overall, CME plays a crucial role in the global financial ecosystem by providing a platform for diverse market participants to manage their financial risk and investment opportunities.

Examples

1. Reflective of the commodities futures market, let’s take the example of a corn farmer. In 2014, the prices for corn went dramatically low mainly due to an abundant supply. To manage the risk that market prices might drop by the time their crop was ready for delivery, many farmers chose to ‘lock in’ a price ahead of time by selling futures contracts on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME). 2. In 2012, when Hurricane Sandy hit the US, disruption in energy markets was expected. At such times, energy companies and traders utilize the CME to secure future prices for the energy products, such as crude oil and natural gas. By trading futures and options contracts on the CME, they were able to hedge against potential losses due to volatile market conditions.3. The CME also deals with financial derivatives. For instance, a prominent banking institution foreseeing that the Federal Reserve will cut interest rates, can enter a futures contract on CME to purchase Treasury bills at a future date. By doing so, the bank can lock in the price at the current level, and if the interest rate does fall, the price of T-bills will increase, thus the bank can benefit from the price difference.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)?

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) is the largest futures and options marketplace in the world. Based in Chicago, the CME facilitates trading of a wide variety of assets including agricultural commodities, currencies, interest rates, and stock indices.

When was the Chicago Mercantile Exchange established?

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange was established in 1898 as the Chicago Butter and Egg Board. It adopted its current name in 1919.

What types of contracts are traded on the CME?

The CME trades a wide array of contracts including futures contracts, options on futures contracts, and swaps.

How do traders operate on the CME?

Traders can operate on the CME either by open outcry on the exchange floor, or electronically through the CME Globex platform.

Is CME open to individual investors?

Yes, individual investors can trade on the CME, usually through a futures commission merchant (FCM), or brokerage firms that are members of the exchange.

What hours does the CME operate?

CME operates virtually 24 hours a day, five days a week. Specific trading hours can vary depending on the contract and the trading platform.

What distinguishes CME from other exchanges?

CME is distinguished by its sheer size and the volume of trading that takes place on its platforms. It also offers a diverse array of asset classes, making it a popular destination for a broad range of investors and traders.

What is the role of CME Group?

CME Group is the parent company of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and operates large derivatives, options and futures exchanges in Chicago and New York City, as well as online trading platforms. It also owns the Dow Jones stock and financial indexes, and CME Clearing Services, which clears and settles trades on its exchanges.

Related Finance Terms

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