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In finance, a bubble refers to an economic cycle characterized by a surge in asset prices unwarranted by the fundamentals of the asset. This rapid escalation in prices is then followed by a contraction, which can be quite dramatic. Essentially, a bubble involves assets trading at prices far in excess of their intrinsic value.


The phonetic spelling of the word “Bubble” is /ˈbʌbəl/.

Key Takeaways

Here are three major takeaways about Bubble:

  1. No-Code Development: Bubble is a visual programming platform that allows you to build complex web applications without needing to know code. This makes it accessible for entrepreneurs to create interactive, multi-user apps straight from their web browser.
  2. High Customizability: With Bubble, you can customize every aspect of your application. This includes the interface, data schemas, and even the business logic. The level of flexibility and control is exceptional compared to other similar platforms.
  3. Integration Capabilities: Bubble supports integrating with various third-party applications. This allows users to expand the functionality of their apps and connect to their favorite APIs or services, ranging from payment systems to email platforms.


The term “Bubble” is vital in business/finance because it refers to a situation where the prices of assets such as stocks, real estate, or even entire industries, inflate rapidly and substantially beyond their intrinsic values. This rapid escalation often happens due to exaggerated expectations of future growth, speculations, or other market behavior, thus creating an unstable condition. When a bubble “bursts,” this indicates a sudden drop in prices, leading to a rapid sell-off and can result in a recession or even a depression in the economy. Therefore, understanding the concept of a “bubble” is essential for investors, economists, and policy-makers alike to identify potential risks and make informed decisions.


A “bubble” in finance or business is typically associated with a significant rise in the price of an asset, class of assets, or even whole sectors, powered by exuberant investor behaviors and expectations that prices will continue to increase. While a bubble isn’t intentionally created for a specific purpose, it does serve to reflect the collective psychology of investors in a marketplace. The primary function of a bubble is to signal an overvaluation of assets, where the prices far exceed their intrinsic values. This typically leads to a rapid price acceleration until it inevitably bursts, causing prices to plummet dramatically.A bubble usually arises from the confluence of market factors including easy accessibility to credit, speculative or trend-chasing investing, and excessive exuberance or optimism about the future price increase. Bubbles can be useful indicators for regulatory bodies, economists, and investors to keep a check on market health and stability. For instance, recognizing a bubble can enable investors to take necessary caution and avoid investing in overpriced assets. It also helps policymakers to institute measures in order to control extreme fluctuations in prices and mitigate the potential damage arising from a bubble burst. However, identifying a bubble in real-time is a contentious issue among economists, and it remains challenging to predict exactly when it will burst.


1. The Dot-Com Bubble (1995-2001): This bubble was formed by excessive speculation in internet-related companies in the late 1990s, during the advent of the internet. Investors were pouring money into internet companies, expecting them to be the next big thing, which significantly over-inflated their value. As a result, many Internet startups achieved high valuations without ever making a profit. The bubble burst in the early 2000s, causing many of these companies to fail in an event called the dot-com crash.2. The Housing Bubble (2007-2008): Leading up to the global financial crisis, banks in the United States were giving out loans to homebuyers who couldn’t afford them. Because prices seemed to be exponentially rising, banks continued these risky lending practices thinking that they could always foreclose on the property. However, when mortgage rates started to rise, many of these homebuyers defaulted on their loans, and the bubble burst. This led to a severe decline in housing prices and the financial crisis of 2008.3. The Japanese Asset Price Bubble (1986–1991): In the late 1980s, Japan’s economy was considered to be incredibly strong. Its equity and real estate markets were significantly overvalued, creating a bubble. However, when these assets were perceived as too expensive and unsustainable, the price fell dramatically, bursting the bubble. The subsequent period, known as the “Lost Decade,” saw a significant slowdown in Japan’s previously robust economy.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Bubble in finance and business terms?

A Bubble refers to a significant, usually rapid, increase in asset prices that is disconnected from the underlying intrinsic value of the asset. This is often followed by a sudden drop in prices, also known as a ‘burst.’

What causes a Bubble in the financial market?

Bubbles are typically caused by excessive speculation in a particular market. When investors believe the value of an asset will continue to rise, they buy more of it, driving up the prices. When reality sets in and the prices begin to fall, it causes a rapid sell-off, or a ‘burst.’

How can an investor identify a Bubble?

Bubbles can be challenging to identify. However, some common signs might include: a rapid increase in prices, high trading volumes, widespread media coverage, highly optimistic speculation, and prices not aligning with the intrinsic value.

Are Bubbles always negative for the economy?

While the bursting of a Bubble can lead to economic downturns, the formation of a Bubble can also boost economic growth in the short term by stimulating demand and investment.

Can Bubbles be prevented?

It’s challenging to prevent Bubbles because they often arise from irrational market behavior or excessive speculation. However, regulators can put measures in place to prevent excessive risk-taking and promote financial stability, which may help to mitigate the impacts of a Bubble.

What are some examples of previous Bubbles?

Some historical examples of bubbles include the 2008 housing market Bubble and the 2000 dot-com Bubble. These instances led to significant economic downturns when they burst.

Related Finance Terms

  • Speculative Bubble
  • Asset Inflation
  • Market Crash
  • Overvaluation
  • Financial Crisis

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