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A broker is a professional or firm that acts as an intermediary between investors and securities exchanges. They buy, sell, and trade stocks or other investments on behalf of their clients. They typically charge a commission or fee for their services.


The phonetic transcription of the word “Broker” is /ˈbroʊ.kər/ in American English.

Key Takeaways

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  1. A broker is a professional individual or entity who buys and sells assets on behalf of clients. They work as an intermediary between purchasers and vendors.
  2. Brokers can deal in multiple domains, including insurance, real estate, and financial securities. They have expert knowledge about the markets in which they participate, enabling clients to make informed decisions.
  3. While they provide valuable service, brokers earn their income through commissions and fees charged for their services. This cost is often a percentage of the transaction’s value.



A broker is a critical intermediary in the financial trading industry, facilitating transactions between buyers and sellers. Their importance lies in their expertise to effectively execute trades on various securities like stocks, bonds, currencies and commodities. They serve as a conduit connecting different market participants, providing liquidity, and ensuring the smooth functioning of financial markets. Additionally, brokers often provide critical services such as research, financial advice and portfolio management, ensuring that investors make well-informed decisions. Their role is particularly essential for retail investors who lack direct access to the markets and thus depend on brokers to transact on their behalf. Without brokers, trading securities would be significantly more complex and less accessible for individual and institutional investors alike.


The purpose of a broker in the finance and business world is to serve as an intermediary between buyers and sellers. With their expertise, brokers carry out transactions on behalf of their clients. They use their professional knowledge to find the best deals, negotiate terms and finalize transactions. In the financial market, for example, stock brokers purchase and sell stocks and other securities for both retail and institutional clients. The broker’s purpose, therefore, is to enable and facilitate trading for their clients who may not have the time, expertise or resources to engage directly in markets.Brokers also serve a crucial advisory role. They provide clients with valuable investment advice and help them make informed decisions based on market trends and risk assessments. Through detailed research and analysis, brokers assist clients in meeting their financial goals. For example, a real estate broker would provide clients with information about the property market, helping them to buy or sell properties at the most favourable prices. Thus, the function of a broker extends beyond the transactional aspects, to walking clients through the complexities, risks and benefits of their financial decisions.


1. Real Estate Broker: This is perhaps one of the most common examples of a broker in the real world. A real estate broker is a licensed professional who represents buyers or sellers in real estate transactions. They are experts in their field and have thorough knowledge of the real estate market in their locality. They assist in the setup of contracts, negotiations, and showings, allowing the property transaction to run smoothly.2. Stock Broker: A stock broker, also known as an Equities Broker, serves as a middleman between buyers and sellers on the stock exchange. They trade stocks and other securities on behalf of their clients in exchange for commissions. Stock brokers may work for brokerage firms or as independent agents, and they’re required to have a license to operate.3. Insurance Broker: An insurance broker works independently and represents the interests of their clients, instead of insurance companies. They use their extensive knowledge of the insurance market to find the best policy for their clients. They take into consideration the coverage, rates, and terms and conditions that will best suit their clients’ needs. They are licensed professionals and can handle various types of insurance such as health, auto, home, or life insurance.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a broker?

A broker is a person or entity that arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller in exchange for a commission when the deal is executed. They serve as the middleman between the two parties involved in trading securities, transactions, and arrangements.

Why do we need a broker?

A broker is needed primarily to facilitate the transaction between the buyer and the seller. They have the knowledge, tools, and resources to find potential trading opportunities, handle transactions smoothly, follow regulations, and provide advice based on market conditions.

Are there different types of brokers?

Yes, there are various types of brokers including stock brokers, commodity brokers, real estate brokers, insurance brokers, etc. Their roles can vary depending on the industry they work in.

How does a broker earn?

A broker typically earns through the commissions from transactions they facilitate or a service fee they charge their clients. The fee or commission structure can vary depending on the nature of the transaction and the broker’s agreement with the client.

How can I choose a good broker?

To choose a good broker, consider factors such as their reputation, their experience, the types of services they offer, their fees, and the quality of their customer service. It’s also a good idea to read reviews from other customers.

Do brokers need specific qualifications or licenses?

Yes. Brokers in most fields must be licensed to operate. Additionally, certain broker types such as stock brokers need to pass certain examinations.

What is a discount broker?

A discount broker is a broker who carries out buy and sell orders at a reduced commission rate. However, they usually offer fewer services and less personal advice compared to a full-service broker.

What’s the difference between a broker and a dealer?

A broker acts as an intermediary between buyer and seller, while a dealer acts as a principal in trading for its own account, instead of facilitating transactions for others.

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