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Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS)


BRICS refers to the association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The grouping is known for its significant influence on regional affairs and all are members of G20. These countries have similar economic potential and together they represent a considerable portion of the world’s population and GDP.


Brazil: /brəˈzɪl/Russia: /ˈrʌʃə/India: /ˈɪndiə/China: /ˈtʃaɪnə/South Africa: /saʊθ ˈæfrɪkə/BRICS: /brɪks/

Key Takeaways


  1. Brazil: Known for its rich culture, diverse ecosystem, and booming agriculture industry, Brazil is one of the main contributors to global food security. However, it also faces challenges such as economic instability and social inequality.
  2. Russia: Russia is renowned for its vast territory rich in natural resources, including oil, gas and minerals. It has a strong military presence and a long history that significantly influenced world politics, but its economy struggles due to geopolitical conflicts and low investments in innovative sectors.
  3. India: With its fast-growing economy, India is a hub for IT and software services. It is also noted for its demographic dividend which could transform into a potential workforce. Nevertheless, poverty and social inequality remain critical concerns.
  4. China: China is a global leader in manufacturing and exporting goods, with rapid technological advancement and massive population. However, it also faces environmental challenges and criticisms for limitations on personal freedoms and human rights.
  5. South Africa: South Africa is known for its mineral-rich lands, vibrant culture and history of overcoming apartheid. Despite the growth potential, it struggles with social inequality, high unemployment rates, and infrastructure issues.



The term BRICS refers to the emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. It’s significant because these five countries represent about 40% of the world’s population and around 25% of the world’s GDP as of 2020. Being substantial and fast-growing markets, these nations directly impact global economic trends, trade balances, market growth, and geopolitical power. The BRICS countries collaborate in various areas including trade, technology, and development, aiming to challenge established economic world orders. Therefore, their collective influence is substantial in international trade and economic policy discussions.


The acronym BRICS stands for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, a grouping of prominent emerging economies who have come together to foster mutual benefit and growth. Initiated in 2006, the primary purpose of BRICS is to drive meaningful dialogue and collaboration amongst its member nations towards common objectives for economic reform and growth. It serves as a platform for these countries to pool their collective resources and strengths, to mitigate global economic challenges and to increase their influence in the world economic order.In terms of application, BRICS nations conduct regular meetings and discussions to promote trade, technology transfer, and economic cooperation, viewing each other as vital economic and trading partners in the global arena. Beyond economic purposes, BRICS is also used to address various socio-political issues, focusing on areas of convergent interests. Furthermore, BRICS nations have established the New Development Bank, which provides resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies. Thus, BRICS not only enhances economic cooperation within the bloc but also envisions a more balanced and constructive role in global governance.


1. BRICS Joint Financial Architecture: In 2014, BRICS countries decided to establish their own financial institutions like the New Development Bank (NDB) and a contingent reserve arrangement to support themselves during any liquidity crisis. This decision was taken at the sixth BRICS summit in Brazil. It helps to decrease financial dependency of BRICS nations on Western economies.2. Trade Relations among BRICS Countries: BRICS nations have been bolstering trade partnerships among themselves. An example of this is the business relation between China and Brazil. China has become Brazil’s biggest trade partner, outpacing the United States. The trade between these two countries has grown in areas like agriculture, mining, oil, and aircrafts.3. BRICS Cooperation in Technological Field: BRICS nations have also been cooperating in the field of technology and digital economy. An example is the IT and digital economy cooperation between India and Russia. Both countries engage in regular exchange and cooperation in IT and cyber security, aiming to leverage digital technologies for more inclusive and sustainable development.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What does BRICS stand for?

BRICS stands for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa – an acronym for five major emerging national economies.

When was the BRICS group established?

The BRICS group was formally established in 2006.

What are the goals of BRICS nations?

The main goals of the BRICS nations are to improve economic development, reduce poverty, enhance mutual cooperation among the member countries, and contribute to world peace and stability.

What is the BRICS Bank?

The BRICS Bank, officially known as the New Development Bank (NDB), was established by the BRICS countries in 2014 to finance infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS countries as well as other emerging economies.

Are there annual BRICS summits?

Yes, annual BRICS summits are held regularly to discuss various issues of global importance, to foster a better relationship between member countries, and to provide a platform for coordinating their efforts.

Which country is the largest economy among BRICS nations?

Currently, China is the largest economy among all BRICS nations.

How does being a part of BRICS impact the individual economies of the member nations?

Being part of BRICS, the member nations can foster mutual growth through economic cooperation, increase their global influence, and have a shared platform to address common global economic issues.

What is the significance of BRICS in global economy?

BRICS nations play an important role in the global economy, representing about 40% of the world’s population and about 30% of the world’s GDP.

Are there any specific industries or sectors that BRICS focus on?

While BRICS covers every aspect of member nations’ economies, they put additional emphasis on cooperation in fields like trade, technology, energy, and infrastructure development.

: How does BRICS cooperate in areas of finance and business?

: BRICS nations cooperate in various aspects of finance and business, including mutual investment, facilitating trade, setting up joint projects, and sharing best practices in economic development.

Related Finance Terms

  • Emerging Economies
  • Economic Partnership
  • BRICS Summit
  • BRICS Development Bank
  • Multi-lateral Cooperation

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