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Black Tuesday


Black Tuesday refers to October 29, 1929, which marked the catastrophic crash of the U.S. stock market leading to the Great Depression. On this day, nearly 16 million shares were traded and the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeted 12%. This event triggered a global economic collapse lasting for a decade.


The phonetics of the keyword “Black Tuesday” is: blæk ‘tuːzdeɪ

Key Takeaways

  1. Black Tuesday, which occurred on October 29, 1929, was the day of the stock market crash that marked the beginning of the Great Depression. Stocks lost about $14 billion in value by the end of the day, ending the bull market of the 1920s.
  2. The excessive speculation in the late 1920s resulted in an inflated stock market that was not sustainable. Investors were stricken with panic, leading to a massive sell-off which ultimately led to Black Tuesday.
  3. The impact of Black Tuesday was not limited to the United States. This event sent shockwaves around the globe, causing worldwide economic depression and leading to significant changes in U.S. economic policy and banking regulations to prevent future crashes.


Black Tuesday, referring to October 29, 1929, is a notable date in finance due to its culmination of the Wall Street Crash, marking the onset of the Great Depression in the United States. It’s remembered as the day when panic selling reached its peak, with millions of shares traded, obliterating many investors and households’ wealth overnight. The trauma and magnitude of this economic downturn made it a pivotal turning point in financial history. Black Tuesday’s significance extends beyond finance, influencing regulatory changes such as the creation of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and leading to broader economic and social impacts like profound changes in U.S. economic policy and the role of government in the economy.


Black Tuesday refers to the significant stock market crash that occurred on October 29, 1929. It was one of the major events that contributed to the initiation of the Great Depression. The purpose of referencing this term is to denote the severe financial downfall and economic turn in the history of the United States, which led to a lengthy period of deflation and unemployment. Black Tuesday is a symbol of the devastating collapse of the stock market, which wiped out thousands of investors and ended the economic “Roaring Twenties”. Black Tuesday serves as a cautionary term utilized by economists, investors, and financial analysts to demonstrate the potentially catastrophic consequences of unchecked speculation, lack of market regulation, and widespread panic within a financial system. The study and analysis of the events leading up to and following Black Tuesday aids in developing strategies to prevent a similar event in the future. It is a reference point for formulating economic policies and maintaining regulatory checks on financial markets to ensure stability and resilience.


Black Tuesday refers to a specific event in history – October 29, 1929. This day witnessed a catastrophic stock market crash in the United States, which marked the beginning of the Great Depression, a decade-long economic downfall that affected most industrialized countries worldwide. Therefore, there aren’t really other “examples” of Black Tuesday, as it’s a singular historical event. However, we can discuss three impacts or outcomes of Black Tuesday:1. Stock Market Crash: Over 16 million shares were sold in panic selling, which wiped out millions of investors. This day marked the end of the “Roaring Twenties,” a period of economic prosperity, and sparked the beginning of the Great Depression.2. Bank Failures: In the years following Black Tuesday, over 9,000 banks failed. Bank deposits were uninsured, so as banks failed, people lost their savings. Surviving banks, unsure of the economic situation and concerned for their own survival, stopped lending money, leading to less and less expenditure.3. High Unemployment: The initial stock market crash, and the ensuing depression, led to high levels of unemployment. By 1933, nearly half of America’s banks had failed, and unemployment was approaching 15 million people, or 30 percent of the workforce. It took a significant amount of time for the economy and job market to recover.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Black Tuesday?

Black Tuesday refers to October 29, 1929, the day when the U.S. stock market experienced its worst crash ever. It signaled the beginning of the decade-long Great Depression.

Why is it called Black Tuesday?

It was dubbed Black Tuesday due to the dark economic period it signified. The term originates from the traditional association of the color black with negative events.

What happened on Black Tuesday?

On Black Tuesday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 12%, one of the largest one-day drops in history. Nearly 16 million shares were traded, and many investors were wiped out.

What was the impact of Black Tuesday on the American economy?

The impact was devastating. It led to the Great Depression, an era of unprecedented unemployment, severe deflation, and widespread poverty and hardship that persisted until the start of World War II.

How did Black Tuesday affect the world economy?

The effects of Black Tuesday extended beyond the U.S. borders, contributing to a global financial crisis and depression. Many countries that were heavily dependent on the American economy could not recover for over a decade.

How does Black Tuesday impact modern economics and financial regulations?

Black Tuesday led to the introduction of new financial regulations to prevent similar crashes in the future. It continues to be a reference point in the study of financial markets, serving as a cautionary tale about the risks of unchecked speculation.

What led to the stock market crash on Black Tuesday?

Several factors contributed to Black Tuesday, including excessive speculation, margin buying (purchasing stocks using borrowed money), and an overly optimistic belief in the perpetual growth of the market. When prices started to fall, panic selling ensued, exacerbating the decline.

Were there warning signs before Black Tuesday happened?

Yes, the Black Thursday (October 24) and Black Monday (October 28) crashes that preceded Black Tuesday, along with the slow market recovery happening in between, were some of the key warning signs that a larger crash was imminent.

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