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Berkshire Hathaway


Berkshire Hathaway is a multinational conglomerate holding company based in the United States, led by billionaire Warren Buffett. It owns a diverse range of businesses including insurance, rail transportation, utilities, and non-insurance businesses. The company is known for its consistent and significant value growth and its emphasis on long-term investment strategies.


The phonetics for Berkshire Hathaway is: ‘bɑːrkʃɪər hæθəweɪ.

Key Takeaways

  1. Berkshire Hathaway is a multinational conglomerate holding company, headed by Warren Buffet, often considered one of the most successful investors in the world. It owns a variety of businesses and holds substantial shares in many large and prominent companies.
  2. It follows a value investing strategy, believing in investing in businesses which are undervalued but hold strong long-term potential. This approach has led to its significant success and growth over decades.
  3. Berkshire Hathaway does not pay dividends to its shareholders. Instead, it reinvests the majority of its earnings back into its businesses, allowing it to continuously expand and diversify.


Berkshire Hathaway is important in the realm of business and finance as it is one of the largest and most successful investment conglomerates in the world. It is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States, led by the renowned investor, Warren Buffet. Throughout the years, Berkshire Hathaway has consistently displayed a strong performance and has commandingly held substantial stakes in some of the globe’s leading companies, across a wide range of industries. Known for its long-term investment strategy and focus on intrinsic company value, Berkshire Hathaway has become a symbol of consistent and sustainable growth, making it a favorite among investors. Its annual shareholder meetings, often dubbed the “Woodstock for Capitalists,” also attract significant attention in the finance world.


Berkshire Hathaway is a conglomerate holding company, headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States. It serves as a vehicle for acquisitions and investments. Having started as a textile manufacturing company, Berkshire Hathaway was taken over by Warren Buffett in the mid-1960s and gradually transformed into a holding company, acquiring multiple businesses across a variety of industries including insurance, utilities and energy, freight rail transportation, and more.The main purpose of Berkshire Hathaway, under the leadership of Warren Buffett, has been to generate steady and significant growth in shareholder value over the long term. This has been achieved by acquiring controlling interests in companies with stable earnings, good management, and business models that are easy to understand. These businesses operate independently but benefit from the capital allocation expertise and strategic oversight of Berkshire Hathaway’s leadership. Additionally, its insurance subsidiaries generate “float” , or premium money that can be invested, which has contributed significantly to Berkshire Hathaway’s growth.


1. Insurance Operations: Berkshire Hathaway’s most widely recognized business is insurance, which includes the incredibly successful GEICO auto insurance. The company also operates several other insurers like General Re and Berkshire Hathaway Reinsurance Group, which act as risk-management and financial service groups for various firms all over the world.2. Manufacturing, Service and Retailing Operations: Berkshire Hathaway also operates a diverse set of businesses like the highly successful Duracell batteries and the various apparel firms it owns, such as Fruit of the Loom. In retailing, Berkshire Hathaway operates a variety of businesses such as the Nebraska Furniture Mart, the nation’s largest furniture store, and fine jewelry establishments Borsheims and Helzberg Diamonds.3. Investments in Other Companies: Berkshire Hathaway is known for its keen investments in other businesses, which have remarkably appreciated over time. This includes investments in blue-chip companies, including American Express, Coca-Cola, and Apple. These businesses are not fully owned by Berkshire but the company holds significant shares. The firm, under Warren Buffett, is known for its strategy of “value investing” — buying stocks at less than their intrinsic value and holding them for a long period of time.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Berkshire Hathaway?

Berkshire Hathaway is an American multinational holding company based in Omaha, Nebraska. It owns a diverse range of businesses including insurance, rail transportation, utilities, and non-insurance businesses.

Who are the key people in Berkshire Hathaway?

Warren Buffett is the chairman and CEO while Charlie Munger is the Vice-chairman of the company.

What are some of the well-known subsidiaries of Berkshire Hathaway?

Some of Berkshire Hathaway’s well-known subsidiaries include GEICO, Duracell, Dairy Queen, BNSF, Lubrizol, Fruit of the Loom, Helzberg Diamonds, Long & Foster, FlightSafety International, and NetJets.

What are Berkshire Hathaway’s primary business activities?

The company’s primary areas of business are insurance and reinsurance, utilities and energy, freight rail transportation, and finance.

How does Berkshire Hathaway make its money?

Berkshire Hathaway makes money through its various subsidiaries. It generates income from insurance premiums, utility fees, and the profits earned by its other businesses.

How can I invest in Berkshire Hathaway?

Berkshire Hathaway’s stock can be purchased on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbols BRK.A and BRK.B.

What is the difference between Berkshire Hathaway’s Class A and Class B shares?

Class A shares are more expensive and have more voting rights, while Class B shares are less expensive and offer fewer voting rights.

How will I know what businesses Berkshire Hathaway owns?

Berkshire Hathaway releases an annual report detailing its subsidiaries and investments. The report can be found on their official website.

Why is Berkshire Hathaway’s share price so high?

Berkshire Hathaway has never split its Class A shares, which has resulted in their high price. Warren Buffett believes this discourages short-term trading and attracts more long-term investors.

What is Berkshire Hathaway’s investment strategy?

Berkshire Hathaway mainly invests in undervalued companies with strong fundamentals, good earnings power, and strong competitive advantages.

Related Finance Terms

  • Warren Buffett
  • Charlie Munger
  • Value Investing
  • Shareholder Letters
  • Annual Shareholders Meeting

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