Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Bank Draft


A bank draft is a financial instrument issued by a bank, guaranteeing the payment of a specified sum to a designated payee. It functions similarly to a check but with added security, as the bank ensures the funds are available and transfers them directly to the recipient. Bank drafts are commonly used for large transactions, international payments, and when the credibility of a personal check is uncertain.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Bank Draft” is /bæŋk dræft/.

Key Takeaways

  1. A bank draft is a secure, negotiable instrument issued by a bank, which guarantees the payment of a specific sum of money to a recipient.
  2. Bank drafts are considered more secure than personal or business checks because the funds are drawn from the bank’s account rather than an individual’s account.
  3. They are commonly used for large transactions, such as purchasing a car or making a down payment on a house, as they ensure the recipient that the money is available and will be transferred.


A bank draft is an important financial instrument in business and finance as it offers a secure, reliable, and cost-effective means of transferring funds between parties. This is because it is essentially a check drawn by a bank on its own account, guaranteeing the availability of funds and eliminating the risk of insufficient funds, which can lead to bounced checks and subsequent losses for both parties involved. Bank drafts are widely accepted as a trusted method of payment, especially in situations involving large sums of money, such as real estate transactions, international trade, or large purchases. Furthermore, as bank drafts can typically be issued in a variety of currencies and can be easily tracked, they provide an added layer of security and convenience in global business transactions.


Bank drafts serve as a reliable and secure payment mechanism in financial transactions, particularly in situations where the sender and the receiver do not have an established level of trust or when dealing with larger sums of money. In essence, a bank draft functions as an assurance from the issuing bank that the funds have been verified and the payment will be honored. This is particularly valuable for individuals and businesses participating in trade and commerce, as it minimizes the risk of bounced cheques or disputed payments. Moreover, a bank draft can be used in both domestic and international transactions, offering convenience and flexibility to parties involved in diverse financial dealings. Additionally, the implementation of a bank draft streamlines the payment process as it simplifies currency conversions and mitigates potential disruptions that could arise from unstable exchange rates. Due to the credibility provided by the issuing bank, the receiving party can deposit the bank draft into their account without fear of insufficient funds or fraudulent activity from the sender. Consequently, bank drafts have become a preferred instrument for conducting business on a global scale, bolstering confidence in financial transactions and enabling a seamless flow of trade and investment between diverse economic actors.


A bank draft is a payment instrument issued by a bank to transfer money from one party to another. It is typically used for high-value transactions, since it guarantees the availability of funds to the payee. Here are three real-world examples of the business/finance term bank draft: 1. International Trade Transactions: In international trade, a bank draft is commonly used to pay for goods or services between two parties in different countries. For example, an American company importing machinery from Germany may use a bank draft to pay the German supplier to ensure that the funds are available and the transaction can be completed securely. 2. Real Estate Transactions: In large transactions such as buying or selling property, the buyer may use a bank draft to pay the seller. For example, John is purchasing a house from Mary, and the agreed-upon price is $300,000. John’s bank will issue a bank draft made payable to Mary, which functions as a guaranteed form of payment, ensuring that Mary receives the full amount and can confidently transfer ownership of the property. 3. Purchasing a Vehicle: When buying an expensive vehicle, such as a luxury car or recreational vehicle (RV), the buyer may secure a bank draft to pay the seller or dealer. For instance, Jane wants to buy a motorhome, and the dealer requires a payment of $80,000. Jane can obtain a bank draft from her bank, ensuring that the funds are available and guaranteeing the dealer payment for the motorhome.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a bank draft?
A bank draft is a financial instrument that guarantees the payment of a specified amount from the issuing bank to the payee. It acts as a more secure form of payment compared to personal checks, as the funds must be available and withdrawn from the issuer’s account before the draft is issued.
How does a bank draft work?
When a person requests a bank draft, the issuing bank confirms that their account has sufficient funds to cover the payment. The bank then withdraws the payment amount from the account and issues a bank draft. The payee can deposit or cash the draft at any bank, ensuring the payment is secure and guaranteed.
In what situations are bank drafts commonly used?
Bank drafts are often used for large payments, international transactions, or in situations where the payee wants a secure and guaranteed payment. Examples include real estate transactions, vehicle purchases, and cross-border transactions.
What are the advantages of using a bank draft?
Some advantages of using a bank draft include payment security, reduced risk of check fraud, faster transaction processing, and wider acceptance internationally.
Are there any fees associated with using a bank draft?
Yes, banks typically charge a fee for issuing a bank draft. The fees can vary depending on the bank and the specific transaction. It’s essential to review fees before requesting a bank draft to avoid surprises.
How long does it take for a bank draft to clear?
The clearance time for a bank draft varies depending on the bank and the countries involved in the transaction. Usually, bank drafts clear much faster than personal checks, taking anywhere from 1 to 5 business days for domestic transactions and up to 10 business days for international transactions.
Can a bank draft be canceled?
Canceling a bank draft is complicated and may not be possible in all situations. If a draft has not been cashed or deposited yet, the issuer can contact their bank and request a ‘stop payment’ on the draft, citing a valid reason such as lost or stolen draft. Canceling a cleared bank draft is not feasible in most cases.
Is a bank draft the same as a cashier’s check?
Both bank drafts and cashier’s checks are secure payment methods guaranteed by the issuing bank. However, bank drafts are more commonly used for international transactions, while cashier’s checks are primarily used for domestic transactions. The terms might be used interchangeably in some cases, but they can have subtle differences depending on the issuing institution.
How can I obtain a bank draft?
To obtain a bank draft, you must visit your bank and provide the necessary information, including the payee’s name, the payment amount, and any other required details. The bank will verify if you have sufficient funds, withdraw the amount, and issue you the bank draft.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More