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Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR)


The Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR) is a financial term that describes the average increase in the value of an individual investment, portfolio, asset, or cash stream over a specific period of year. It is calculated by taking the geometric average of a series of annual growth rates. Essentially, AAGR is a measure used to smooth out the effects of volatility and provides an idea of the underlying trend.


The phonetics for “Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR)” would be: “Av-er-ij An-yoo-al Groth Rayt (A-A-G-R)”

Key Takeaways

  1. Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR) is a popular economic measure used to express the change in a variable’s value over a specific period of time. It averages the year after year growth rate across a given time period.
  2. AAGR is often used in business planning, investment analysis, and economic forecasting as it provides a smooth estimate of growth, but it might not perfectly match the actual path the variable takes.
  3. The main limitation of the AAGR is that it does not reflect volatility and potential risk, because it simply averages out the rates of growth for the period of time in question. It’s a linear measure that doesn’t account for the compounding effect.


The Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR) is a crucial term in business and finance because it offers a snapshot of the performance and the profitability of an investment over a specific period. It provides a linear, simplified way to understand the growth or contraction of investments or business activities year over year, which aids in financial planning, decision-making, and setting realistic growth goals. Moreover, it assists in comparing the growth rates of different industries, companies or investments over the same period and helps investors make informed decisions. However, it’s imperative to note that AAGR doesn’t account for volatility or risks associated with an investment.


The Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR) is an essential tool in finance and business that is used to gauge the steady, year to year growth rate of an investment over a specified period. This measure is particularly significant in business forecasting as it provides a quick snapshot of an investment’s profitability. Analysts, investors, and executives can leverage the AAGR to make strategic decisions in their investment activities, provide future performance estimations of their businesses, or even in the comparisons between the relative success of different firms within the same industry. The AAGR is especially useful when comparing the performance of different investments or companies. For instance, investors can use this rate to compare the annual growth rates of multiple companies to make an informed decision on where to invest. Business managers and strategists can also utilize the AAGR to assess their firms’ performance against competitors or industry benchmarks, which helps guide their strategic planning process, foster consistent success, and bolster competitiveness.


1. Investment Portfolio Performance: An individual has an investment portfolio valued at $100,000 in year one and by year five, its value has grown to $150,000. Using the AAGR formula, the investor can calculate the average annual growth rate of his portfolio and find out that it has been growing by around 8.50% annually on average. 2. Company Revenue Growth: A company that started operations in 2010 reported an income of $200,000. In 2020, the reported income was $800,000. Using the AAGR, the company can find its average annual revenue growth over the decade. This will tell the company that on average, it increased its revenue by about 15% annually. 3. Country’s GDP Growth: The average annual growth rate is often used to track a country’s GDP growth. For instance, if the GDP of a country was $5 trillion in 2010 and increased to $7 trillion by 2020, the AAGR can be used to calculate the average annual increase in the GDP. This would indicate that the country’s GDP grew by around 3.5% annually on average.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Average Annual Growth Rate (AAGR)?
The Average Annual Growth Rate, often abbreviated as AAGR, is a measure used in investing, finance, and business to gauge the average rate at which an investment or a company’s earnings have grown on a yearly basis over a specified period of time.
How do you calculate AAGR?
AAGR can be calculated by taking the arithmetic mean of a series of growth rates. The formula to calculate AAGR is [(Ending value / Beginning value) ^ (1/n)]-1, where n is the number of years.
What is AAGR used for in finance and business?
AAGR is primarily used to provide a snapshot of the performance of an investment or a business over a certain period. It helps investors and business owners to understand how their investments or businesses are growing year over year.
Is AAGR the same as Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)?
No, AAGR and CAGR are not the same. While both are used to measure growth rates over a period, AAGR takes the arithmetic mean of yearly growth rates, whereas CAGR calculates the geometric mean, reflecting the compounding effect.
Can AAGR be used to predict future growth?
AAGR is a historical measure and thus, in reality, might not accurately forecast future growth rates. It is always recommended to use it in conjunction with other financial indicators for a more comprehensive outlook.
What is the benefit of using AAGR?
The main advantage of AAGR is its simplicity. It’s an easy way to get a quick idea of growth over a period. However, it does not account for the effect of compounding, which can be a significant factor in real-world scenarios.
What does a negative AAGR indicate?
A negative AAGR signifies a decrease or loss in the value of an investment or business earnings on average per year over the specified period. It signals a reduction in growth and can be a cause for concern for investors and business owners.
In which fields is AAGR commonly used?
AAGR is frequently used in the fields of finance, investing, and business. It’s particularly common in financial analysis, portfolio management, and strategic business planning.

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