Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)


The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) is the main stock exchange in Australia, headquartered in Sydney. It provides a marketplace for buying and selling securities, including shares, bonds, and derivatives. ASX also provides services such as listings, trading, clearing, settlement, technical and information services, as well as other post-trade services.


Australian: /ɑːˈstreɪliən/Securities: /sɪˈkjʊrɪtiz/Exchange: /ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/ASX: /ˈeɪ ˈɛs ˈɛks/

Key Takeaways

  1. ASX is the primary securities exchange in Australia and one of the largest in the world. It plays a crucial role in Australia’s equity capital market, providing a platform for companies to raise funds and for investors to buy and sell shares.
  2. The ASX operates markets for a wide range of asset classes, including shares, bonds, commodities, and derivatives. The exchange also manages the benchmark ASX 200 index, which tracks the performance of the largest 200 companies listed on the ASX by market capitalisation.
  3. ASX has a strong record of innovation, introducing electronic trading in the early 1990s and leading the way in development of blockchain technology to improve the efficiency and security of post-trade processes. The exchange is also committed to maintaining high standards of corporate governance and market integrity.


The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) is significant because it is the primary securities exchange in Australia, facilitating the trading of numerous asset types including shares, futures, options, and bonds. It operates as a fully electronic and automated trading system, providing easy access to domestic and international investors. It ensures the transactions’ integrity, transparency, and security, playing a crucial role in Australia’s financial market. Given that it’s home to some of the largest companies globally, including BHP Group and Commonwealth Bank of Australia, the performance of the ASX is often seen as a barometer for the Australian economy’s health. Therefore, its importance extends beyond the business/finance industries to a national and even global level.


The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) is a multi-asset class, vertically integrated exchange group, and one of the world’s leading financial market exchanges. Its chief purpose is to serve as a regulated market where companies listed on it can raise capital from the general public. It provides businesses with access to one of the world’s largest pools of investable funds. By listing on ASX, businesses gain instant credibility, visibility, and exposure to a global investor base. This opens up numerous growth opportunities for them.

On the investor side, ASX provides a marketplace where investments such as shares, derivatives, and fixed income products can be bought or sold. For the traders and investors, the exchange functions as a platform for investing in a range of assets and for managing investment risk, making it an essential component of the Australian financial system. The ASX operates markets for equities, derivatives, fixed income, commodities, and energy. It continues to maintain transparency, fairness, and high regulatory standards to ensure investor confidence.


1. BHP Group: This is one of the largest companies that is trading on the Australian Securities Exchange. BHP Group is a world-leading resources company that extracts and processes minerals, oil, and gas. Trading in such a large-scale company gives different investors the opportunity for significant financial gains depending upon market fluctuations.

2. Afterpay: Afterpay, a technology-driven payments company, also trades on the ASX. Afterpay allows retailers to offer instalment plans for online shoppers, dividing payments into four equal instalments due every two weeks. It is a growing company that has gained a lot of interest from investors, making it a real-world use case of a company trading on the ASX.

3. ASX Themselves: The ASX is not only a platform for other companies to trade shares, but ASX Limited, the company that operates the exchange, also trades its own shares on the platform. ASX Limited had its own initial public offering (IPO) in 1998, making it an example of how companies can use the Exchange to raise capital for their own growth and expansion.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)?

The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) is the primary stock exchange in Australia, where securities such as stocks, bonds, and derivatives are bought and sold. It’s one of the world’s leading financial market exchanges.

Where is the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) located?

The ASX is located in Sydney, Australia.

When was the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) established?

The ASX was established in 1987 after the merger of six independent stock exchanges in Australia.

What types of companies are listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)?

A wide range of companies are listed on the ASX, from small-cap to large-cap companies across various sectors such as finance, healthcare, technology, energy, mining, and more.

How can I invest in the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)?

You can invest in the ASX by purchasing shares of listed companies. This is usually done through a broker or online trading platform.

What are the trading hours of the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)?

The ASX trading hours are from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM (Sydney Time) on weekdays.

How is the performance of the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) benchmarked?

The performance of the ASX is often benchmarked with the S&P/ASX 200, which is an index of the top 200 companies listed on the ASX.

Do foreign companies list on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)?

Yes, foreign companies can also list their shares on the ASX, providing they meet the requirements set by the exchange.

What form of regulations does the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) have?

The ASX operates under the jurisdiction of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), which enforces and regulates company and financial services laws to protect Australian consumers, investors and creditors.

Related Finance Terms

  • ASX 200 Index
  • ASX TradeMatch
  • ASX Clear
  • Securities Exchange Act
  • ASX Listing Rules

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More